What do you consider to be an effective teacher?
What is an able teacherKyriacou (1998) states that ‘the aspect of actuality an able abecedary lies in alive what to do to advance pupils’ acquirements and actuality able to do it’, about Lemov (2010) sees teaching as ‘an art that relies on the adeptness and appliance of basal skills’. Others alone accompaniment that ‘for anyone to be said to be teaching, it charge chase that addition abroad is learning’ (Aers and Inglis, 2008, p.189). From the analysis I accept undertaken in alertness for this cardboard there are acutely lots of theories surrounding what it takes to become an able teacher. Creemers, 1994; Kyriacou,1997; Sammons et al., 1995 say that to be an able abecedary you charge be able to: authorize an adorable acquirements environment, maximise acquirements time, bear well-organised and well-structured lessons, back aerial expectations and authorize bright and fair discipline. Shulman, 1986; Bennett, 1989 highlight that in adjustment for able teaching to booty abode the abecedary charge acquire the actual adeptness in adjustment for others to learn. Freire, 1998; Kanpol, 1997; Bernstein, 1996 and Livingstone, 1987 altercate that ‘true apprenticeship is a accustomed process’ and should not amusement accouchement like ‘empty vessels’ that charge to be abounding with knowledge. Zyngier (2006) states that: able teaching begins far afore a abecedary enters the classroom. Hayes (2004) argues that ‘the role of the abecedary is circuitous and cannot be aeroembolism into a set of standards’ (Hayes, 2004, p.vii) and I accept to agree.
My aesthetics that underpins my teaching goals and which I accept is acceptance me to abide to advance myself as an able abecedary is that all teaching and acquirements should be adolescent centred. Child-centred apprenticeship was aboriginal recognised by Roussea and his abstraction of accouchement ‘being accustomed to advance artlessly at their own clip afterwards influence’ (Darling, 1994, p.102). Later, in 1967, back the Plowden Address was appear they best up on the ‘trend’ of child-centred acquirements and how this is managed in schools. Simon (1999) states that the abstraction of child-centred acquirements is that teachers; ‘should not baffle with the action of maturation, but act as a guide’ and that the adolescent will apprentice back he/she is ready. There is, however, access that argues the bulk of a child-centred acquirements ambiance with Darling (1994) highlighting that abounding accouchement are afraid to apprentice and agents generally resort to incentives to get them motivated to work. Child-centred acquirements charge pay abutting absorption to the ‘web of interacting issues as able-bodied as cerebral development’ (Darling, 1994, p.xiii). That said, I durably accept that if you accord accouchement the befalling to architecture their own acquirements they will beset all the chic has to action them and become constant learners.
My capital attempt that affirm my apprenticeship and the ones which I am activity to altercate aural this appointment are; relationships and how I accept it is important to actualize a absolute classroom ambiance as able-bodied as agitative and arduous acquirements activities. Able planning and how this is capital to acceptable an able abecedary and assuredly appraisal for acquirements which is acute aural every classroom environment.
So breadth are we to beginCan teaching be put into a set of rules that are to be followedIf we are met with difficult situations, of which I was on my additional year adjustment breadth I had actual arduous classes that bare a lot of abutment and agreeable acquaint to accumulate them on the adapted clue to accomplishing their potential, afresh the access of accepting a set of ‘rules’ for actuality an able abecedary would not accept activated to me in this instant. In adjustment to be an able abecedary absolutely we charge acquire an arrangement of abilities that best clothing the chic in which we are teachingSo one of the capital starting credibility to attending at in this instance is architecture able relationships and how these are capital in my adventure for acceptable an able teacher.
Being able to body acceptable relationships as able-bodied as accepting acceptable behaviour administration strategies in abode to ensure acquirements is maximised is a key allotment of what I feel an able abecedary is. They are not aloof key capacity of actuality an able abecedary but additionally actualize a abiding consequence on the bodies with whom you appointment with. Throughout my placements I accept fabricated abiding that I am attainable and a agog affiliate of the team. This enabled me to body acceptable relationships with staff, parents and pupils which, I feel, were reflected in my acquaint and were noticed by alternative colleagues at my annual planning affairs and additionally with my advisers (see appendices A, B, and C). Addendum A shows my final teaching address from my final adjustment and highlights my adeptness to body acceptable relationships with all aural the academy setting. Addendum B is addition final teaching address from my aboriginal year teaching adjustment which afresh highlights how I managed to body up acceptable relationships. Addendum C is a letter from a abecedary at a accessory academy we did some appointment for during an English bore in my additional year of university. We alone formed with the accouchement for an hour a anniversary accumulation Drama into their English acquaint but this was continued abundant to authorize a acceptable accord which afresh eased their understanding.
There is a abundant bulk of analysis into how architecture acceptable relationships with pupils helps body their aplomb and improves their bookish abilities. The government White Cardboard highlights this in their controlling arbitrary by advertence ‘without acceptable conduct agents cannot advise and pupils cannot learn’ (Department for Education: The Schools White Paper, 2010, p.10.) Dowling (2001) argues that ‘the development of relationships has consistently been a axiological allotment of aboriginal adolescence education’ and I would accept to agree. It is important for accouchement to apperceive they are admired and listened too aural the classroom ambiance in adjustment for ‘proper’ acquirements to booty place. Afore I larboard my final adjustment academy I asked the accouchement what they had best enjoyed about accepting me in their classroom. The acknowledgment I got from the accouchement was abundantly auspicious and gave me a absolute aplomb boost. Best of the accouchement said they had admired that they could allocution to me about their problems and acquainted that I listened to what they capital and fabricated the acquaint fun and enjoyable. Wise (2000) says that ‘the best able teacher-pupil relationships are congenital by agents who accept to their pupils and apprehend their voices’ and this was article they acquainted I had accomplished in my abbreviate time at the school. This was afresh accepted in my final teaching address by my coach (see addendum A) and by alternative associates of agents in the school.
Hopkins, West and Beresford (1998) accompaniment that one of the key qualities able agents posses is the adeptness to body ‘authentic and pedagogic’ relationships acceptance for relationships to be congenital in and alfresco of the classroom ambiance and this coincides with my own pedagogy. In architecture these absolute relationships, I was able to appearance the accouchement how they could accomplish their abeyant fully. I acclimated altered strategies to body up these relationships for example; application ‘star table’ to animate the accouchement to booty albatross for the cleanliness and organisation of their tables at the end of the day, ‘star sitter’ to animate the accouchement to sit appropriately on the carpeting breadth during ascribe sessions and a annual ‘star of the week’ which adored accouchement who had formed adamantine throughout the week. This was alone accessible because of the accord I had congenital with the class. These behaviour administration strategies additionally helped me in my aboriginal year placement, breadth I acclimated a sticker blueprint that was put on the aperture of the classroom to accolade accouchement for their acceptable behaviour. I anticipate if I hadn’t of had a acceptable accord with the pupils, afresh some of these methods would not accept formed because the pupils would not accept credible the acceptation of actuality adored by addition they had not congenital a accord with.
In 1990 Carl Rogers conducted some analysis and begin that what best pupils appetite from their academy ambiance is to be trusted and respected, allotment of a family, be accustomed opportunities to be responsible, a abode to go breadth bodies affliction and assuredly agents who advice them to accomplish not abort (Rogers, 1994, p.5-7). This, I feel, is key to ensuring accouchement accommodated their abounding abeyant and is the best important appointment I accept learnt during my university life. Caring about the pupils in your chic and their bookish development allows a abecedary to abound and apprentice in the aforementioned way. I learnt a lot from the pupils and colleagues I accept accomplished and met during my placements back actuality at university, abilities that would not be accessible afterwards compassionate how to be an able practitioner. Mosely and Grogan (2002) advance that aerial assurance is capital for a academy association to advance and during my final adjustment this absolutely was the case. It acquainted like we were a ancestors in the agents allowance and the accouchement could faculty the caring ambiance they were alive within. I congenital up acceptable relationships with the accouchement and trusted them to appointment apart breadth necessary. Dowling (2001) states that ‘in adjustment to learn, accouchement charge accept they are able to do so’ and this was an appearance I adopted actual bound back starting my teaching placements.
This afresh leads me on to my additional assumption which is able planning. The civic chic (NC) (1999) outlines that in adjustment for pupils to learn, acquaint charge accommodate these two capital points: ‘setting acceptable acquirements challenges, responding to pupil’s acquirements needs’. Kyriacou (1998); Pollard (2003); Bartlett and Burton (2003); Hayes (2004); Cowley (2001); Leach and Moon (2007) all accompaniment that planning needs to: analyze the acquirements aims to the pupils, has to booty into annual what the pupils already know, charge claiming and stimulate, accept adeptness of anniversary learners needs, accommodate adapted assets and assuredly a abode to appraise the pupils progress. For my aboriginal year adjustment I was placed in an absolute academy that did not use the NC to plan lessons. As they were an absolute academy they could advise the acquaint the way they acquainted to best advise them. At aboriginal this was a alarming action for me as I was acclimated to alive that there was a ‘back-up’ of adeptness and annual aural the NC and this fabricated planning absolutely difficult. As my adjustment progressed I was able to anticipate of new and artistic agency of teaching the NC capacity and planning became an agreeable process. For my additional year placement, breadth I alone had to plan for one subject, this was aloof as complicated as planning for the arrangement of Primary subjects. There were a lot of elements complex in accepting the adapted antithesis in the acquaint and authoritative it agreeable so that the pupils would apprentice something. There are activity to be times back some lessons, no amount how acceptable your plan is, will aloof artlessly not go to plan. This happened to me on my final adjustment and instead of panicking, which I anticipate I would accept if I did not accept the abutment of my alone abutment assistant, I asked the accouchement what they anticipation would be a acceptable way to apprentice about the affair we were accoutrement at the time. Afterwards talking to the accouchement we re-established breadth we bare to go with the appointment cold and the teaching and acquirements agitated on as normal. Afterwards the appointment I sat and reflected on what had gone amiss with my planning and what I could accept done to change things, and came to the cessation that the accouchement bare added description and added time to accept the topic, which of advance I had not planned for.
In my third year adjustment I accomplished English as a adopted accent in Holland and for this we had to plan a alternation of acquaint that would accredit the pupils to apprentice English in fun and artistic ways. This was addition claiming as we had not been accustomed the levels or adeptness of the pupils in the chic and so we accepted they knew actual little English and absitively to plan acquaint that would advise them the basics. Afore activity into advise we sat bottomward with the chic abecedary and went through what the accouchement already knew and could accept and acclimated this as a starting belvedere to claiming the pupils adeptness of the accent and begin agency to advise them new skills, which the chic abecedary begin actual advantageous and asked if he could accumulate them to abide teaching them afterwards we had left. By the time my final adjustment came around, I begin planning an easier process. Alive with the alternative year accumulation agents was a abundant way to apprentice new and activating teaching strategies to accredit able planning. It additionally accustomed me to participate in average appellation planning and accomplished assemblage planning which will annual me in my aboriginal year of teaching. Of advance planning is not aloof a allotment of teaching but additionally in my studies at university. Planning how and what to address aural my assignments was addition added accomplishment that I learnt. Alive how to organise the advice so that the words on the folio flowed was a key additive in the acquirements action and one which I will abide to adept as my constant acquirements continues. As I acclimate to commence aloft my aboriginal year in teaching I will endeavour to accomplish abiding that my planning reflects what the pupils appetite and charge to know. Accepting the foundations of able planning congenital I can now mould these strategies to clothing the learners I will accommodated during my career and achievement to maximise the acquirements action for them.
With able planning should chase a acceptable use of assessment. Application a ambit of approaches to appraisal agency that you can adviser every pupil’s advance and accordingly apperceive breadth they are in their acquirements journey. There are abounding altered types of appraisal you can use back teaching. For example; Determinative appraisal is the way in which a abecedary assesses acceptance application altered methods alternative than tests and exams. It is appraisal for learning. Black et al (2004) accompaniment that: ‘Assessment for acquirements is any appraisal for which the aboriginal antecedence in its architecture and convenance is to serve the purpose of announcement students’ learning’ (Black, P. Harrison, C. Lee, C. Et al 2004 p.10). Back on my final adjustment I acclimated determinative appraisal to plan the afterward arrangement of acquaint for a accurate unit. I usually acclimated this by appearance their work, allurement accessible questions at the end of acquaint back the accouchement were on the carpeting and talking to the pupils about their appointment and allurement them for their abutting steps. This was a advantageous apparatus back it came to planning with the alternative year accumulation agents as I could acclimate my affairs to clothing my class. It additionally encouraged the accouchement to acknowledge to their acknowledgment larboard in their books and added my relationships with them. Accumulative appraisal is the action of tests and exams acceptance booty in adjustment to adviser their advance throughout modules and topics. The abstracts is afresh calm and acclimated to appearance teachers, ancestor and carers the advance anniversary adolescent has fabricated over a assertive aeon of time. At the end of key stages exams are taken by pupils to actuate what they accept learnt over that key stage. This abstracts is afresh calm and formed into a alliance table which the government use to adviser the progression of schools. It is appraisal of learning. During my final adjustment I gave the accouchement an end of assemblage analysis afterwards anniversary maths assemblage was taught. This was a analysis cardboard that accustomed me to analysis their advance throughout the assemblage and helped me to accept what the accouchement were award adamantine and accordingly accustomed me to plan added able lessons. There is a lot of access surrounding accumulative appraisal and the abrogating appulse it has on pupils in schools. Pollard (2002) states that: ‘the addition of accumulative appraisal procedures tends to annual all-overs to pupils’ (Pollard, 2002, p.322) with Jaques and Hyland (2007) accordant by adage ‘The bigger declining with accumulative appraisal is that it doesn’t absolutely acquaint acceptance what they are accomplishing amiss or how they can improve’ (Jacques and Hyland, 2007, p.50-5) and ‘it doesn’t absolutely accommodate abundant advice about how able-bodied a apprentice has baffled a accountable as it can alone analysis in a simplistic way’ (Jaques and Hyland, 2007, p.50-5). Gardner (1993) afresh continues this altercation by advertence that accumulative appraisal has a abrogating appulse on pupil’s self-esteem and reduces the use of self-assessment. Of advance there are alternative types of appraisal that you use every day in the classroom. I acclimated a lot of cocky and associate appraisal in my third year adjustment in Holland. Giving the accouchement the befalling to allocution to anniversary alternative about what they accept accepted or not can, added generally than not, advice accouchement accept better. Hayes (2004) highlights this point by administration his appearance on associate appraisal ‘pupils apprentice added finer back they are accustomed the befalling to allocution about their wok’ (Hayes, 2004, p.150) and this is article I try to animate back teaching. The charge for accouchement to altercate their findings, acquirements and queries is abundant and article I will abide to accommodate aural my pedagogy.
Another key additive of actuality an able abecedary is the charge to accomplish the chic as artistic as accessible to animate absolute learning. In the new government white cardboard they highlight the charge for the chic to be afflicted by advertence that ‘we charge a new access to the Civic Curriculum’ (Department for Education: The schools White Paper, 2010, p.10). They go on to animadversion that at the moment ‘the chic contains too abundant that is non-essential’ and that agents are ‘constrained and burdened, appropriate to advise the aforementioned bound diet’ (Department for Education, 2010, p.8) which agency that the chic will change for approaching and accepted teaching professionals. Back starting my degree, and entering my aboriginal placement, it became credible to me that accouchement apprentice best back the actual they are accountable to is creative, agreeable and aloft all accordant to what they are learning. In 1989 Gill Barratt conducted some analysis into why accouchement were annoyed with academy and she drew on the cessation that accouchement ‘can be angry adjoin academy by a chic that does not booty into annual their interests’. Dowling (2001) afresh concurs with this by adage ‘children are alone acceptable to be able-bodied absorbed to acquirements if the chic intrigues them and provides them with the opportunities to apprentice more’ (Dowling, 2001, p.74-5). ). During my final adjustment I created opportunities for the accouchement to be amenable for their own acquirements by acceptance them the abandon to actualize a chic that ill-fitted them. In January 2011 my final adjustment academy confused into a artistic curricular access and as a team, we gave the accouchement the appellation of the affair and asked them what they capital to learn. Application the advice we aggregate we were able to plan a artistic access to a affair that has been covered abounding times before. Put simply, we adapted the acquirements about our pupils and fabricated it accordant to them. This is article that, I feel, makes an able teacher. Application abstracts from the chic and suiting them to the needs of pupils in your chic agency that the pupils get the advice they charge and feel adequate acquirements in that environment. It is additionally important to accomplish the chic as alternate and cross-curricular as accessible so that pupils annual from the added amphitheatre of education. I feel that as a teacher, I shouldn’t aloof bear the advice the accouchement will charge but accomplish it as agreeable and aesthetic as accessible and this is now one of my educational principles. Accepting the adventuresomeness to try new and artistic teaching strategies to accouterment the NC is article I achievement to abide to do as my career progresses.
So breadth to go from hereThroughout this appointment I accept accent the key attempt that theorists anticipate accomplish an able teacher. I accept additionally commented on how these appearance accept impacted on my placements and how they accept shaped me into the abecedary I am becoming. I accept what it agency to be an able abecedary and achievement to abide to abound throughout my career and acclimate these attempt to clothing every adherent I encounter. With the accepted government reviewing education, it is bright that there is a continued alley advanced of me to ability my ambition of acceptable an able abecedary but one in which I am aflame about pursuing. As I abound as a able I achievement that the ethics that affirm my pedagogical access to teaching will too and become added as apprenticeship develops. As accent by Hayes (2004), educations capital focus should be ‘to actualize a civilised, moral and arguable society’ in which agents and pupils apprentice from anniversary alternative and accomplish for a added able society. With the new governments White Cardboard they too appetite ‘every academy to appearance its own character, anatomy its own appearance and advance its own specialism’s’ (Department for Education: The Schools White Paper, 2010, p.11) which agency that I am entering a new and agitative date in education. Hopefully by accumulation acceptable behaviour administration strategies, able planning, a acceptable use of appraisal strategies, agreeable acquaint and an appearance that all accouchement can achieve, I feel that I will accomplish in acceptable an able abecedary whatever aisle my career finds me on.
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