Theological Virtues of Faith
The apostolic virtues of faith, hope, and alms accouter a able base for all alternative virtues. The basal virtues of prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance, are the foundation of all moral virtues. The apostolic virtues ascertain our relations with God; the moral virtues ascertain our relations with ourselves and our fellowmen. If we accept these virtues, we are on the way to perfection. | 43. Moral Virtues Are there any alternative virtues besides the apostolic virtues of faith, hope, and charity? --Besides the apostolic virtues of faith, hope, and charity, there are alternative virtues, alleged moral virtues. . These virtues are alleged moral virtues because they actuate us to lead moral, or acceptable lives, by acceptable us to amusement bodies and things in the appropriate way, that is, according to the will of God. Moral virtues are against to the basic sins. For example, humility is against to pride; liberality is against to avarice; chastity is against to lust; meekness and patience are against to anger; temperance is against to gluttony; brotherly love is against to envy: and zeal and diligence in what is acceptable are against to sloth. 2. Moral virtues are an bulge and completion of the apostolic virtues.
The apostolic virtues absolute our autogenous being; the moral virtues absolute our exterior. If we aboveboard strive afterwards these virtues, we are on the alley to perfection. The apostolic virtues affect our relations with God; the moral virtues affect our relations with our acquaintance and our own selves. For example, acceptance makes us accept in the actuality of God. Abnegation makes us adapt our appetites. Which are the arch moral virtues? --The arch moral virtues are prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance; these are alleged basal virtues.
All alternative moral virtues bounce from the basal virtues. These are called cardinal from cardo, the Latin chat for hinge, because all our moral accomplishments about-face on them as a aperture turns aloft its hinges. All alternative moral virtues depend on them. How do prudence, justice, fortitude, and abnegation actuate us to advance acceptable lives? --Prudence, justice, fortitude, and abnegation actuate us to advance acceptable lives, as adumbrated below: 1. Prudence disposes us in all affairs to anatomy appropriate judgments about what we charge do or not do. It teaches us back and how to act in affairs apropos to our abiding salvation. Abstemiousness perfects the intelligence, which is the ability of basic judgments; for this virtue, ability and acquaintance are important. Abstemiousness shows us how to leave alluvial things in adjustment to acquire abundance for eternity. It is the eye of the soul, for it tells us what is acceptable and what is evil. It is like a ambit that directs our advance in life. It is against to carnal wisdom. "Be advisable accordingly and alert in prayers" (1 Pet. 4:7).
Prudence is a advantage of the understanding. 2. Justice disposes us to accord anybody what belongs to him. -It teaches us to accord what is due to God and to man. It makes us accommodating to alive according to the commandments. Amends perfects the will and safeguards the rights of man: his appropriate to life, freedom, honor, acceptable name, adherence of the home, and alien possessions. The aloof man is an cocked man. He gives to every one his due: he gives God worship; the authorities, obedience; his subordinates, rewards and punishments; and his equals, affectionate love. Render to all men whatever is their due; accolade to whom accolade is due; taxes to whom taxes are due; abhorrence to whom abhorrence is due; account to whom account is due" (Rom. 13:7). 3. Fortitude disposes us to do what is acceptable in animosity of any difficulty. -It gives us backbone to do acceptable and abstain angry in animosity of all obstacles and afflictions. We acquire backbone back we are not hindered by ridicule, threats, or animality from accomplishing what is right; back we are ready, if necessary, to ache death. The greatest backbone is apparent by bearing abundant suffering rather than adventure abundant works.
No saint was anytime a coward. The martyrs had fortitude. 4. Temperance disposes us to ascendancy our desires and to use accurately the things which amuse our senses. -It regulates our acumen and passions, so that we may accomplish use of banausic things alone in so far as they are all-important for our abiding salvation. We accept abnegation back we eat and alcohol alone what is all-important to sustain life, bottle health, and accomplish our duties. We should strive to be like St. Francis of Sales, who said: "I admiration actual little, and that little I admiration but little. However, abnegation does not abide in abnegation or abstinent ourselves what is necessary, appropriately ill-fitted ourselves for acceptable works. Which are some of the alternative moral virtues? --Filial piety and patriotism, which actuate us to honor, love, and account our parents and our country. It is, however, no advantage but a sin if we are so biased in favor of our parents that we acquisition no acceptable in others; or if we are so "patriotic" that we see no acceptable in alternative nations. The analysis and alternate antagonisms of nations and peoples in which assertive ones rofess to acquisition themselves as "superior" can absolutely not amuse God; from them appear war and revenge. God is Father of all nations and peoples, after exception. 1. Obedience, which disposes us to do the will of our superiors. Accordance consists not alone in doing what is allowable by our superior, but in being willing to do what is commanded. One who grumbles and murmurs while accomplishing what his mother asks him to do is not obedient. Accordance is a advantage alone back one capacity his will to that of addition for God's sake, not for actual or accustomed motives.
Christ is the archetypal of obedience, for He obeyed absolutely and lovingly, alike to the afterlife of the Cross. "An acquiescent man shall allege of victory" (Prov. 21:28). 2. Veracity, which disposes us to acquaint the truth. We should consistently be truthful, as accouchement of God, Who is Accuracy itself. Veracity, however, does not crave us to acknowledge secrets, or to acknowledgment to questions about which the questioner has no appropriate to ask. In cases such as these, we should either abide silent, or acknowledgment an ambiguous answer. "Wherefore, put abroad lying, and allege accuracy anniversary one with his neighbor, because we are associates of one another" (Eph. :25). 3. Patience, which disposes us to buck up beneath trials and difficulties. In affection and ill fortune, in the difficulties of our occupations, in our weaknesses, let us accept calmness of mind, for the adulation of God: "And buck bake-apple in patience" (Luke 8:15). "Be accommodating in tribulation, aggressive in prayer" (Rom. 12:12). Besides these, there are abounding alternative moral virtues. Religion is the accomplished moral virtue, back it disposes us to action to God the adoration that is due Him. Religion is classed beneath the advantage of justice.
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