The Robot Tree A New Ecofriendly Technology Environmental Sciences Essay
The cardboard trades with the assemble of a counterfeit timberline alleged `` ROBOT TREE '' . The Apprentice timberline has the accessible to blot C dioxide which is the above annual for the all-embracing heating. Although methane, azotic oxide, ozone, fluorinated compounds besides annual for the all-embracing heating, C dioxide is the above gas which causes ninety per centum of the all-embracing heating. The analogue of all-embracing heating, causes and furnishings of all-embracing heating, the band-aid we propose, how the apparatus timberline ( counterfeit timberline ) gives a band-aid to the aftereffect and the feasibleness of the counterfeit timberline are greatly discussed in this paper. This cardboard can move as a guidebook to appreciate about the engineering with its seeds and weeds and to access the accent of the engineering in the advancing hereafter.
We all apperceive that dupe are the aggregate wealths of our Earth. But now, apple himself has started to destruct dupe -the aggregate wealths of our Earth. By acerbic trees, non alone that the condensate will be reduced, besides the temperature will accession tremendously, which after-effects in all-embracing heating. This causes abrasion to the accomplished world. Thus the scientists are giving alarm to assure backwoods and deliver world. Analysis is traveling on sing the issue. In our cardboard we adduce an amazing band-aid to deliver our Earth from all-embracing warming.The nursery aftereffect is actuality accelerated by releases of assertive gases to the ambiance that are accomplishing the Earth 's temperature to lift.
`` WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING? ? ?
Global Abating is authentic as the accession of the beggarly temperature on Earth. As the Earth is accepting hotter, catastrophes like hurricanes, drouths and inundations are accepting added frequent. ''
Over the aftermost 100 old ages, the beggarly temperature of the air abreast the EarthA?s apparent has risen a little beneath than 1A° Celsius ( 0.74 A± 0.18A°C, or 1.3 A± 0.32A° Fahrenheit ) . Does non attending all that much? It is amenable for the apparent accession in storms, inundations and ramping backwoods fires we accept apparent in the aftermost 10 old ages, though, say scientists.
A Their informations appearance that an accession of one brand Celsius makes the Earth boiler now than it has been for at diminutive a thousand old ages. Out of the 20 warmest old ages on record, 19 accept occurred aback 1980. The three hottest old ages of all time empiric accept all occurred in the aftermost eight old ages, even.
MAIN CAUSES FOR GLOBAL Heating:
Carbon dioxide, H2O vapor, azotic oxide, methane and blast are some of the accustomed gases accomplishing all-embracing heating.
Ninety-three per centum of all emanations
Generating ability by battlefront C based deposit fuels like accustomed gas, oil, and coal, decomposition, accounting for about one division of all all-embracing emanations.
Twenty times added accomplishing in pin downing calefaction in our ambiance 25 times every bit able as C dioxide
Agricultural activities, landfills.
Agricultural clay direction, animal admixture direction, sewerage intervention, Mobile and anchored afire of deposit fuel, adipic acerbic production, and azotic acerbic production.
Automobile effluvium and automated procedures.
HYDROFLURO COMPOUNDS ( HFCs ) .
Industrial procedures such as cream production, infrigidation, dry cleansing, actinic fabrication, and semiconducting actual fabrication.
PERFLURONIATEDCOMPOUNDS ( PFCs ) .
Smelting of aluminum
Health AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS:
Greenhouse gas emanations could do a 1.8 to 6.3A° Fahrenheit acceleration in temperature during the afterward century, if atmospheric degrees are non reduced.
Produce absolute altitude events, such as drouths and inundations.
Threaten littoral assets and wetlands by adopting sea degree.
Increase the hazard of assertive diseases by accompany forthing new genteelness sites for plagues and pathogens.
Agricultural genitalia and forests are besides affected to alterations in altitude that could appear in added insect populations and works disease.
The corruption of accustomed ecosystems could booty to cut bottomward biological diverseness.
WHAT GLOBAL Heating EFFECTS ARE EXPECTED FOR THE FUTURE?
To adumbrate the afterlife all-embracing heating effects, several nursery gas arising scenarios were developed and fed into accretion apparatus abstract accounts.
They activity for the afterward aeon that, afterwards specific action alterations
Global boilerplate temperature should access by amid 1.4 and 5.8A°C ( 2.5 to 10A°F ) .
The Northern Hemisphere awning should abate further, but the Antarctic ice breadth should increase.
The sea amount should lift by amid 9 and 88 centimeter ( 3.5 '' to 35 '' ) .
Other alterations should happen, including an accession in some absolute altitude events.
After 2100, animal induced all-embracing heating furnishings are projected to abound for abounding centuries.
The sea amount should go on appropriation for 1000s of old ages afterwards the altitude has been stabilized. We accept acclimate up to 40 amount Celsius now.
IMPACTS OF RISE IN MAJOR GREEN HOUSE GAS CO2:
In air the C dioxide absorption should be about 330 ppm ( genitalia per actor ) .But due to ecology analysis workers the C dioxide agreeable will access as follows,
2025i? 405 to 469 ppm
2050i? 445 to 640 ppm
2100i? 540 to 970 ppm
We accept acclimate up to 40 amount Celsius now. It is accepted that the altitude will access in Tamil Nadu as follows.
In 2025 i? 0.4 to 1.1 brand Celsius
In 2050 i? 0.8 to 2.6 brand Celsius
In 2100 i? 1.4 to 5.8 brand Celsius
Solution WE PROPOSE:
We all apperceive that dupe are the aggregate wealths of our Earth. But, developed macho started to destruct dupe and the scientists are giving alarm to deliver forest. We all apperceive that forests aid to assure the Earth from all-embracing heating. By acerbic trees, non alone that the condensate will be reduced, besides the temperature will accession tremendously, which causes abrasion to the accomplished world. The analysis is traveling on all the blow to deliver the apple from all-embracing heating. Now, it has been begin that apparatus copse will abetment to undertake the job of all-embracing heating. In the air, the C dioxide agreeable should be 330 ppm ( allocation per actor ) . Day by twenty-four hours it is accretion which after-effects in all-embracing heating.
WHAT IS ROBOT TREE? ? ?
The scientists are gluttonous to do apparatus to assassinate different activities to cut bottomward the concrete and brainy assignment of animal being. The aggregate of attributes and automatons is alleged Robotany. The scientists Jill Coffin, John Taylor and Daniel Bauen are researching on apparatus tree. The apprentice timberline does non attending like our accustomed tree. The constructions of the root, roots and foliages are present in the apparatus tree. Does apprentice angle aid to assignment out the job of all-embracing heating?
I accept apprehend in a annual backward that the agreement done by the analysis workers at Madurai Kamaraj University on apparatus timberline is successful. Hats off to them. It is absolutely blessed intelligence. We accept advised in history that the macho monarchs of antiquarian yearss had buried copse on both spontaneity of the route. In the aforementioned address we achievement that all the anchorage will authority apprentice copse on both spontaneity in approaching to apprehend all-embracing heating and deliver the Earth. It is said that one apparatus timberline is according to 1000 accustomed trees. Each apparatus timberline looks added like a elephantine fly flyswat so as to break as guards of world
Klaus Lackner, a assistant of Geophysicss at Columbia University, is alive on an absorbing construct: A `` counterfeit copse '' .A The anticipation is to carbon the action of photosynthesis to accepting ascendancy and boutique caked sums of CO2 gas. About 90,000 dozenss of C dioxide a twelvemonth, about the sum emitted annual by 15,000 autos, could be captured by the construction. Paired with a windmill, the carbon-capture timberline would accompany alternating about 3 megawatts of power, Lackner calculates, accomplishing the operation arrogant in energy.
The scientists are gluttonous to do apparatus to assassinate different activities to cut bottomward the concrete and brainy assignment of animal being. The aggregate of attributes and automatons is alleged Robotany. The scientists Jill Coffin, John Taylor and Daniel Bauen are anon researching on apparatus tree.
HOW DOES A ROBOT TREE FUNCTION? ? ?
Merely accept of a accustomed tree. A accustomed will authority a root, basis and foliages. In the aforementioned manner, the apparatus timberline besides has root, root, subdivision and foliage like accustomed tree. Some artificial poles are anchored in the basis allocation and in amid solar home bases are anchored which act as foliages. In the ample poles little holes are fabricated and little poles are fixed. This will blot C dioxide in the air. In the autogenous of ample poles there will be calcium hydroxide aqueous and the bound C dioxide will be attenuated in it.
The solar home bases aftermath accepted and abject on assurance accepted central the root, which will bisect C and O. Oxygen, H and breath will appear out. The C will move with H2O and go carbonaceous acid. The carbonaceous acerbic will go through bottomward through automatons and will be captivated by the clay Already already more.
A abstraction of the adumbration and architecture of A Timberline for Anable Basin
A new `` air extractor '' engineering presented by Klaus Lackner, a assistant of Geophysicss at Columbia 's Earth Institute, offers article no alternative C accepting ascendancy engineering on the affairs lath has. Unlike accepted C accepting ascendancy and accumulator ( besides accepted as geosequestration ) , which absorbs C02 on-site ( i.e. the alike beck of emanations from ability workss ) , air extractors blot C dioxide from any breadth on the planet. This agency that CO2 emanations can be captured from about all large-emitting sources-from anchored mills and ability workss to autos and planes in gesture. These counterfeit copse can `` advance '' in any location.
A computer-generated angel of Lackner 's `` counterfeit trees. ''
Man-made copse do n't absolutely attending like your beggarly timberline with blooming foliages and roots. Although the architecture is non finalized, Lackner predicts that the accessory would attending added like a abject with Venetian blinds strung beyond it ; a boxlike extractor aloft about 1,000 pess tall, adorned with axle lined with aqueous Na hydrated oxide ( commonly accepted as lye ) . Aback exposed, Na hydrated oxide ( lye ) is an absorptive of CO2. So, as air flows through the Venetian dark `` foliages of the timberline '' , the Na hydrated oxide will attach the CO2, coursing out cleansing agent, about 70-90 % beneath CO2 concentrated air on the alternative side. Lackner estimates that an country of Na hydrated oxide about the admeasurement of a big Television awning ( a 20 inch askew ) and a accent in abyss could blot 20 dozenss of CO2 a twelvemonth. Paired with a windmill, a carbon-capture timberline could accompany alternating about 3 megawatts of power.
IS IT FEASIBLE? ? ?
The actinic action of utilizing Ca or Na hydrated oxide to blot CO2 has been accepted for old ages but the analysis of whether it can be done in an bargain activity able approach has non yet been to the abounding answered. Constructing and adopting the aggregator accessory is alone 20 % of the amount ; the antithesis of the amount involves prising the CO2 apart from the absorptive and accumulate awaying it- an activity accelerated procedure. The dorsum of the envelope ciphering of absolute amount supposes 3000 to 5000 rupees per ton captured, which is big as compared to the 1000-2000 rupees per ton on amount that advocates of a C acquirement accessory or cap-and-trade action accept will stabilise atmospheric emanations of CO2. It may attending like badly asperse a amount to carefully see, but Lackner believes `` it 's admirable attractive at things that alpha out alike bristles times badly big-ticket `` .
DEVELOPING CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE ( CCS ) :
Despite accepted affair that CCS, and accordingly air accepting ascendancy excessively, will avert our affiliation from traveling to apple-pie activity options.
Fossil fuels are non active out anytime shortly, and if we were to about-face all of them into C dioxide, we 'll authority a altitude calamity. We may run out of oil and gas ; you can be aporetic of that. But we wo n't run out of coal. We either spontaneity airhead fuels instantly aural the afterward 50 old ages or amount out a address to accomplish CCS.
`` As we arch against 450, 550, alike 750ppm this century, ecology leaders are accepting austere about C accepting ascendancy and storage. A 2005 IPCC abstraction assured that `` C accepting ascendancy and accumulator `` has the accessible to cut bottomward all-embracing acknowledgment costs and access adaptability in cut downing nursery gases '' .
Existing C accepting ascendancy engineering can cut bottomward CO2 emanations from coal-burning or natural-gas ability workss by 80 to 90 per centum, estimates the IPCC.energy ability and some renewables are cheaper now, but if the altitude begins to tip out of control, so C accepting ascendancy and accumulator can accumulation a planet-saving allowance policy.
BASIC CHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH ROBOT TREE:
The acknowledgment of Na hydrated oxide with C dioxide ( as carbonaceous acerbic ) occurs basically in two stairss, foremost a acknowledgment from carbonaceous acerbic to bicarbonate and so to carbonate. This is a simple acid-base reaction. CO2 is an absinthian anhydrite and NaOH is a base. So acknowledgment gives the alkali Na2CO3 and H2O
another accessible commodity is the alkali Na2CO3 that is produced if a 1:2 arrangement of CO2 and NaOH is used. A little per centum of wet nowadays in the absorptive stuff, ( about 3 % ) is of import. CO2 reacts with this wet to adapt carbonaceous acid,
CO2+H 2O- & gt ; H2CO3
Which in angle reacts with the hydrated oxide to adapt the alkali of carbonaceous acid, or Na carbonate? The assimilation up of C dioxide is bidding as follows: The merchandises of acknowledgment are sodium carbonate and H2O.
H2CO3 + NaOH - & gt ; NaHCO3 + H2O
NaHCO3 + NaOH - & gt ; Na2CO3 + H2O
DECARBITEA® is an absorbing merchandise. This commodity is sodium hydroxide agitated on a silica base. The accustomed affection of Na hydrated oxide to acerbic gasses makes it a adorable being to advance in the assimilation up of the acerbic gas C dioxide. The Na hydrated oxide agreeable in DECARBITEA® is high, about 90 % , and histories for the advancing commodity accessible presentation and beyond accommodation for assimilation up of C dioxide.
The Na hydrated oxide agreeable in DECARBITEA® is high, about 90 % , and histories for the advancing commodity accessible presentation and beyond accommodation for assimilation up of C dioxide.
The universally accustomed Carbon Dioxide absorbent, DECARBITEA® is a accessible actinic absorbent. It is a distinctively formulated admixture of Sodium Hydroxide on to an apathetic silicon oxide agent bartering a apparent country decidedly ill-fitted for the rapid, aerial accessible presentation and absolute assimilation up of CO2 on contact.
For the accelerated or aerial accessible presentation quantative assimilation up of CO2 in the ppm scope
DECARBITE is colour indicating, altering from light-green amber to white aloft C dioxide impregnation. The assimilation up of C dioxide remotion or any absinthian gas utilizing DECARBITE is a actinic reaction, non a concrete one. Carbon dioxide reacts with the Na hydrated oxide based absorptive and undergoes a complete actinic alteration. This about-face is irreversible ; accordingly the absorptive can non be regenerated for reuse. This about-face is acutely apparent and indicates aback beat being is to be discarded.
Occasionally, a cachet accepted as channeling can appear aback the gas breeze finds holes or countries of diminutive action and a approach is formed. The gas breeze follows these channels through the absorptive get the bigger ofing the absorbed of scouring out the C dioxide. DECARBITE eliminates this job in several means ; the silicon oxide bounden to the Na hydrated oxide keeps the atoms from adhering in the attendance of wet which is formed as a by-product of the assimilation up reaction. It besides aids in arresting the absorptive to alloy into a solid accumulation barricading gas breeze and accomplishing aback force per assemblage breadth beyond the assimilation up bed.
The affiliation acknowledgment of NaOH with CO2 is at diminutive 40 times faster than NaOH + HCl at all heights beneath the Na bed. Na breed will non appulse boundless ClOx and O3 actinic science. The alteration of C dioxide to bicarbonate is complete at pH 8.3.Phenolphthalein can be acclimated as a colour basis for the titration.
Energy is absolutely a topographic point area added engineering is altogether necessary. About one and bisected a lakh apparatus copse are able for sublimating C dioxide in the air for one twelvemonth, about. One apparatus timberline is said to authority the accommodation to blot 90,000 dozenss of C dioxide every twelvemonth. It is the sum of C dioxide appear by 15,000 autos in one twelvemonth. But apprentice copse will non abetment to back rain. It will assure the Earth from all-embracing heating.
Cost: ( app )
10 pess apprentice tree-50,00
200 pess apprentice tree-5 hundred thousand.
The amount of the apparatus timberline may be high, but the amount of non captivation outstanding engineering for all-embracing heating may be alike higher. There are n't that abounding big calibration ancestry of activity could be broke at the accelerating table the cosmos needs them. Hydro will ne'er be adequate, and neither will weave. Solar, atomic, and airhead could be adequate, but they all accept defects. If we do n't put ample stakes on all three, we could appear ourselves with none of them working, and we 'll authority activity crisis of aberrant proportions. We accept advised in history that the macho monarchs of antiquarian yearss had buried copse on both spontaneity of the route. In the aforementioned address we achievement that all the anchorage will authority apprentice copse on both spontaneity to apprehend all-embracing heating and deliver the Earth. It is said that one apparatus timberline is according to 1000 accustomed trees.
`` Implement apparatus trees
Prevent all-embracing heating,
Salvage the Earth! ! ! ''
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