The Leadership of Prime Ministers Malaysia
THE LEADERSHIP OF PRIME MINISTERS MALAYSIA Prepared for KRISHNAN A/L NARAYANAN, Tutor of OUM Open University Malaysia Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480 Kuala Lumpur By BONG KEE HONG, Student OUM 381a, Lorong 7a, Jalan Semaba, 93250, Kuching, Sarawak 871019526779001 25 June 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACTPage 2 1. 0 INTRODUCTION Page 3 2. 0 Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad 2. 1 Background and CharacteristicPage 4 2. 2 Policies: Eyes 2020 (Wawasan 2020)Page 5 2. 3 Claiming and Cold of Eyes 2020Page 6 2. 4 The Aftereffect of Bread-and-butter and SocialPage 8 3. 0 Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak 3. 1 Background and CharacteristicPage 10 . 2 Policies: One Malaysia (1Malaysia)Page 11 3. 3 Aspect and Cold of One MalaysiaPage 12 3. 5 Focusing of Bread-and-butter and SocialPage 13 4. 0 Comparisons Advantages of Both Behavior in Accord DevelopmentPage 14 5. 0 CONCLUSIONPage 15 BIBLIOGRAPHIC Page 16 ABSTRACT This address focus on the behavior accompany out from our prime ministers. Malaysia has been led by six prime ministers. Amid all of them, the two acclaimed behavior was acquaint by alternating prime abbot Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad with “Vision 2020” and present prime abbot Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak with “One Malaysia”.
Characteristic of both prime ministers will be discussed. This address will focus on the cold of anniversary activity and the claiming to annal the goal. This address additionally will accomplish comparisons both activity advantage in developing accord amid Malaysians. 1. 0 INTRODUCTION Back year 1957, Malaysia adeptness led by our aboriginal prime abbot Tunku Abdul Rahman. From our aboriginal prime abbot until present abbot (sixth) Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, abounding behavior has been accompany out from anniversary prime minister. Anniversary of the behavior is to advance our country to a new era either bread-and-butter or socially.
For example, present Prime Abbot Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak acquaint “One Malaysia” and alternating Prime Abbot Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad with “Vision 2020”. Anniversary of the prime ministers has their own adeptness and administering appropriate to advance our country. 2. 0Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad 2. 1 Background and Appropriate Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad built-in year 1925 in Alor Setar. He did his aboriginal and accessory apprenticeship in his home town. In 1947, he acquired accepting into the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore. He became alive in he Affiliated Malays Civic Organisation (UMNO) in 1946. He admission assembly in 1964 by accustomed acclamation but lose it on 1969. Afterwards Tunku Abdul Rahman resigned, Mahathir re-entered UMNO and parliament, and was answer to the Cabinet. By 1976, he had risen to Deputy Prime Minister. In 1978, he won the Deputy President seat. In 1981 was affidavit in as Prime Abbot afterwards the abandonment of his predecessor, Hussein Onn. Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad became the fourth Prime Abbot of Malaysia on 16 July 1981 and stepped bottomward as Prime Abbot on October 31st 2003.
He captivated the column for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, authoritative him Malaysia's longest confined Prime Minister. His political career pned about 40 years. As Prime Minister, Mahathir was accustomed with engineering Malaysia's accelerated accession and bread-and-butter growth, and accomplished a alternation of adventurous basement projects. Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad opened the country to adopted investment, adapted taxation, bargain barter barriers, the privatization of abundant state-owned enterprise, besides creating a world-class concrete infrastructure. He additionally approved to arch Malaysia’s indigenous divides by accretion accustomed prosperity.
Mahathir's almanac of annoyance civilian liberties and his animosity to western adept interests and bread-and-butter activity fabricated his relationships with the brand of the US, Britain and Australia difficult. As Prime Minister, he was an apostle of third-world development. In 1991, he launched the New Development Policy, which emphasized automated and bartering development and the abolishment of poverty. Under Tun Dr. Mahathir’s leadership, Malaysia developed into one of the best affluent and activating economies in Southeast Asia. Consistently with one eye on the future, Tun Dr.
Mahathir Mohamad apparent Eyes 2020 in 1991, a adapt for Malaysia’s adventure to acceptable a developed abridgement and a complete capitalism by the year 2020. 2. 2 Eyes 2020 (Wawasan 2020) Eyes 2020 or “Wawasan 2020” is a Malaysian ideal alien by the above Prime Abbot of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad during the abandonment of the Sixth Malaysia Plan in 28 February 1991. Prime Abbot has presented a cardboard advantaged “Malaysia-Melangkah ke Hadapan” (Malaysia-Heading Forward) which contains a framework for cerebration and a ambition to accomplish as a developed nation by 2020. The purpose of this cardboard is o present afore you some thoughts on the approaching advance of our nation and how we should go about to attain our cold of developing Malaysia into an automated country. Additionally categorical are some measures that should be in abode in the beneath appellation so that the foundations can be laid for the connected adventure appear that ultimate objective. The eyes calls for the nation to accomplish a arrogant automated nation by the year 2020, encompasses all aspects of life, from bread-and-butter prosperity, amusing well-being, educational world-class, political stability, as able-bodied as cerebral balance.
Vision 2020 is not a specific activity but a acknowledgment to the economic, amusing and political altitude prevailing at the civic and all-embracing levels that acquire a abundant claiming to the country. This eyes was put advanced as a guideline and framework on which admission should be taken in initiating measures for the connected adventure to be taken by the state. 2. 3 Claiming and Cold of Eyes 2020 Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad categorical 9 cardinal challenges that Malaysia charge affected afore year 2020 to accomplish “Vision 2020”. Claiming 1: Establishing a affiliated Malaysian nation fabricated up of one Bangsa Malaysia * Claiming 2: Creating a psychologically liberated, defended and developed Malaysian society. * Claiming 3: Adopting and developing a complete autonomous society. * Claiming 4: Establishing a absolutely moral and ethical society. * Claiming 5: Establishing a accomplished advanced and advanced society. * Claiming 6: Establishing a accurate and accelerating society. * Claiming 7: Establishing a absolutely caring society. * Claiming 8: Ensuring an economically aloof society, in which there is a fair and candid administering of the abundance of the nation. Claiming 9: Establishing a affluent association with an abridgement that is absolutely competitive, dynamic, able-bodied and resilient. The aboriginal affair accomplish is accumulation of abutment contest (Satu Bangsa Malaysia) in our country. Malaysia is a country contains abounding altered races. A absolute country cannot allocate their bodies by race, ethnicity or bark color. The accumulation of abutment contest is the prerequisite to accomplish eyes 2020 because afterwards the abstraction of nation in bodies mind, any anatomy of cooperation will not go forward. The appellation like civic unity, adherence to country, accord and altruism charge be accustomed and accomplished time by time.
Second affair is the countries accede a developed nation cachet if they can administer to change the arrangement of bread-and-butter from acreage to be an automated life. Eyes 2020 requires bodies to abide transform back adeptness because the present accomplishment is still in the average of the requirement. The acumen of transformation slower because this activity involves not alone the transformation from agronomics to automated activity but it additionally involves changes in technology, economic, amusing and cultural. The abilities and ability in science and aerial technology association are important to developed countries.
They not alone can archetype or adapt from others but they charge be able to actualize and update. It is absolutely accompanying to the accession of barter and bartering sectors and anon involves capital, investment, competitiveness, affection of employment, adeptness and bendability challenges. In this stage, the role of the clandestine area is astronomic because it will be the capital growth. Amusing and bread-and-butter amends additionally one of the important affair appear in accomplishing Eyes 2020 and the best harder allotment to affiliated and developed nation.
This is because in a developed country should not acquire a big abundance gap amid their people. This eyes annual is to break the issues above affair like socio-economic antithesis amid people, amid regions, amid states or amid burghal and rural areas. The affection to accomplish this antithesis was afterwards translated into the civic development activity objectives and implemented through programs and projects of the Sixth Malaysia Plan. The alternating affair are moral and belief society. The abstraction of the developed countries is characterized by a acquisitive but our Eyes 2020 is to uilt a developed countries appearance alluringly guided by the aesthetics of aerial behavior and belief based on religious beliefs. Aerial aesthetics of moral is important for actual advance because afterwards moral belief ?? and belief will not actualize accord and accord society. Convenance of moral belief ?? (as in the activity appliance of Islamic Values) will be the centralized barrier that does not corruption the abilities or wealth. Families anatomy the base of association and association will be the base of nation-building. This agency that the backbone and advance of a country started on families and communities.
Family and the association will appearance the affection of individuals who are either civic or leaders of a country. The ability encompasses belief ?? and the way to adapted goals in this eyes should be apprenticed from the outset. This requires bodies to apprehend the accent of ancestors institutions in developing countries and booty all-important accomplish to actualize a ancestors and the absolute society. 2. 4 The Aftereffect of Bread-and-butter and Amusing Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad was authoritative Malaysia abridgement grew acerb and the name of country outshine internationally.
Throughout his 22 years of administering Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad who knew as Asia Little Giant by western country arch in Malaysia. During his appellation as Malaysia Prime minister, he angry Malaysia into a bounded high-tech manufacturing, financial, and telecommunications hub through his bread-and-butter behavior based on accumulated nationalism, accustomed as the assorted "Malaysia Plans" which set out the government middle-term objectives. These behavior remained in aftereffect about to the end of his administering in office.
The archetype of his projects acquire included Perwaja Steel, an attack to claiming South Korea and Japan, the Proton car company, and Astro, a accessory television service. He is accustomed with spearheading the astounding advance of the Malaysian economy, now one of the bigger and best able in South East Asia. Advance amid 1988 and 1997 averaged over ten percent and active standards rose twenty-fold, with abjection about eradicated and amusing indicators such as articulacy levels and baby bloodshed ante acceptable on par with developed countries.
During the baton of Mahathir, he done abounding accession to our Mayalsia, for example, the North-South Highway, which has cut carriage times in bisected on the west bank of Malaysia; the Multimedia Super Corridor; Port of Tanjung Pelepas; the bright Kuala Lumpur All-embracing Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, and an adjoining Formula One circuit; the Bakun Dam, meant to accumulation all of the electricity needs of the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak; Olympic-class amphitheater in Bukit Jalil; and the Petronas Accompanying Towers, the tallest accompanying architecture in the world, and the world's tallest architecture from 1997 to 2003, that acquire become allegorical of avant-garde Malaysia. While such projects acquire their benefits, agnate aerial costs acquire fabricated some Malaysians afraid to appoint in added of such ventures, assertive that the money can be bigger spent on alternative areas of development. On the alternative hand, Mahathir has consistently argued that such projects crop a absolute acknowledgment to the economy, afar from aloof confined the civic pride, as government spending in about-face creates jobs forth with alternative multiplier effects. 3. 0 Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak 3. 1 Background
Dato' Sri Najib, the earlier son of Malaysia additional Prime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, was built-in 23 July 1953 in the commune of Kuala Lipis, Pahang. He accustomed his primary apprenticeship at St John's Institution and connected accessory apprenticeship at the Malvern Boy's College, Worcestershire, England. Upon accomplishment of his accessory education, Dato' Sri Najib enrolled at the University of Nottingham and accelerating in 1974 in automated economics. Dato' Sri Najib abutting the civic oil company, Petronas, as an afore he demography the affairs into backroom in 1976. Dato' Sri Najib win an acclamation with accustomed as Member of Assembly at the actual adolescent age of 23. Dato' Sri Najib was appointed the Deputy Abbot of Energy, Telecommunications nd Posts and additionally served as Deputy Apprenticeship and Deputy Finance Minister. In the 1982 accustomed elections, he stood in the accompaniment bench of Bandar Pekan and was afterwards appointed the Menteri Besar of Pahang until 1986. In 1990, Dato' Sri Najib was appointed Defence Minister, a chief position aural the government by the Prime Minister, Dato’ Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamad. In 1995, Dato' Sri Najib was appointed as Ministry of Education. During the 1999 accustomed elections, Dato' Sri Najib accustomed a above majority votes. Afterward the elections, he was appointed Defence Abbot for the additional time and preceded with the accession of the Armed Forces which came to a arrest afterward the banking crisis of 1997.
In 2004 accustomed elections which came a few months afterwards Dato' Sri Najib acclivity as the Deputy Prime Minister, him acceptable his aldermanic bench majority. He remained as Defence Abbot until September 2008 back he took over as Finance Abbot in 2008 from Dato' Seri Abdullah. Prime Abbot of Malaysia Dato' Sri Mohd Najib was appointed as Malaysia's 6th Prime Abbot on 3 April 2009 but he still holds the Finance Ministry post. He succeeded Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi who did not seek reelection as Umno President. 3. 2 One Malaysia (1Malaysia) The one Malaysia abstraction comes from Dato Sri Najib Tun Abdul Razak, the sixth Malaysia prime minister.
This abstraction commutual approaches are accessible for strengthen accord to ensure stability, to advance and college development of the bodies and Malaysia. One Malaysia accepting a byword “People First, Accomplishment Now”, this abstraction fulfils the aspirations of Malaysians in band with the allocation anointed in the Federal Architecture and Civic Principles. The byword ‘People First, Accomplishment Now’ is a abstraction in administering that suggests government leaders assassinate their tasks efficiently, trustworthily and responsibly for the annual of the people. To accomplish development for the country, the bodies charge advance aboriginal and this begins with creating an attitude of accepting amid the altered contest that will advance to unity.
Globalization wills raises abounding victims abandoned from the acceleration of development. Malaysia accepting altered contest and religion, we charge to act as one race, Malaysia chase appear a aforementioned ambition to congenital Malaysia accelerating and peaceful. The One Malaysian abstraction seeks to strengthen accord and cooperation amid racial-ethnic bodies in this country as the capital apparatus to baffle the assorted threats and challenges that aim to abuse and agitate the adherence of their lives. One Malaysia accent attitudes amid bodies acquire races, in which bodies acquire a altered chase accession appliance so that we may alive calm in accord alternate annual as citizens of a country.
Our foundation is the assumption of amends for all races, which agency that the fate of all contest will be taken affliction of, and none will be marginalized. Amends charge booty into annual the cachet of the advance of the ancestors are at altered levels. One Malaysia is the assiduity of nation-building agenda. The pre-condition to accomplish developed country by Eyes 2020, the best important activity is that country citizens affiliated able and stable. 3. 3 Cold of One Malaysia One Malaysia abstraction is accepting 2 capital objectives, accomplishing of amount aspect alloy and appliance of the aspiration values. The aboriginal cold accomplishing of amount elements blend, government try to applying elements of accord as a ability and convenance of all Malaysians.
The advance of this accord is the basal basic that strengthens the accord amid bodies of all races. Accord is accurate by the amount belief ?? that should affirm the way Malaysians live. There will be 3 capital amount accord administer to accomplish objective. First, acceptance, one Malaysia accent accepting of the attitude of bodies of all races, in which a bodies accustomed the character of the others so that we can alive calm in alternate annual as a bodies of one nation. It is a cogent admission from aloof tolerance. Secondly, all contest Malaysia apprentice from the based civic attempt federal architecture and rukunegara. The aftermost amount accord is amusing justice.
All bodies would be taken affliction of and no one will be marginalized. This amends charge booty into annual the standards of the contest are at altered levels. Therefore, government behavior and the accoutrement of the Architecture which gives the aegis the beggared will abide to be implemented. The three amount accord is accurate by values. The belief are respect, humility, artlessness and actuality language. The additional cold will be appliance of the aspiration values. These belief ?? are founded on the abstraction of aspiration 1Malaysia; there are the belief ?? that should be on a accelerating and activating association that will drive the country appear accomplishing developed nation status.
Aspiration belief ?? will advice in creating a workforce that is applicable and able to attempt in the all-around ambiance and in about-face advice accession the civic abridgement to a added athletic and robust. There will be 8 aspiration value, amid there are aerial accomplishment culture, ability accuracy, ability knowledge, integrity, perseverance, loyalty, acumen and accession culture. 3. 4 Focusing Bread-and-butter and Amusing Our present Prime Abbot Dato' Sri Haji Mohd Najib back year 2009 has acquaint abounding bread-and-butter behavior amid them, the best acclaimed are new bread-and-butter model, bread-and-butter liberalization, ameliorate of government subsidies, chargeless barter acceding and bang package.
The ambition of new bread-and-butter archetypal was transform Malaysia bread-and-butter become aerial assets and affection advance by 2020. By 2020 Malaysia will not alone acquire the GNI per capita of a advantageous economy, it will additionally acquire a cardinal of the key characteristics of a advantageous economy. To accomplish the ambition by 2020, transformation aggregation PEMAMDU try to admission the annual area annual from 58% of GDP in 2010 to 65 percent in 2020. The calm burning will be a key disciplinarian of advance because clandestine area will annual 59% of GDP by 2020 analyze to 54% in 2010. This bearings will accompany Malaysia as a developed bread-and-butter country as able-bodied as Taiwan and New Zealand.
The anatomy of bread-and-butter Malaysia will be beneath assurance on resource-intensive industries such as oil and gas exportation. Malaysia will become added urbanized country because the citizenry will admission from 64% to 70% advance in capital city, Kuala Lumpur. The accomplishment prove that our country is in the way to the ambition while greater Kuala Lumpur will be a primary agent of bread-and-butter growth, there will additionally be advance opportunities abroad in the country such as the development of the solar industry in Sarawak, the development of a all-around biodiversity hub to allure added tourists to Sabah and the commercialization of paddy agronomics and improvements in approach oil yields.
Malaysia will acquire developed a cardinal of new civic and bounded champions by 2020. These companies will drive abiding advance in areas including banking services, business casework and healthcare. In addition, SMEs will comedy a added cogent role beyond the economy. For instance, in education, agronomics and electronics and electrical, SME accord will be actively encouraged through banking support, bigger admission to analysis and technologies and convalescent infrastructure. 4. 0 Comparisons Advantages of Both Behavior in Accord Development The advantage of One Malaysia is the abstraction of adapted the assorted contest in the country afterwards alteration the character of these groups.
The aboriginal claiming in eyes 2020 establishing a affiliated Malaysian nation fabricated ?? up of one nation Malaysia. One Malaysia charcoal the appropriate of anniversary contest and accord our nation. Both of the polities is against to the accord our contest but One Malaysia alone defined it to abide the accurately of anniversary races. Both of them accepting advantage analyze to the abstraction of Malaysian Malaysia is a activity that continues to baffle the base of the absolute amusing structure. Amends proclaimed in the abstraction of Malaysian Malaysia taken blindly. Accord is declared by One Malaysia actual altered from the abstraction as accomplished in alternative countries area indigenous character is removed and replaced with a agnate civic identity.
As we apperceive our canton contains altered indigenous with altered culture. Abstraction One Malaysia columnist on accepting that our absolute nation should acquire other’s ability and characteristic. The Claiming cardinal 4 in eyes 2020 that establishing a absolutely moral and ethical society. These accomplish abiding our association will annual other’s belief morally. Both of the behavior actualize peaceful association to accord our nation. Abstraction 1Malaysia appreciates and respects the attempt of the Architecture and ruku negara. The indigenous identities of anniversary indigenous accumulation in Malaysia and attention them as assets to be appreciative of. But Eyes 2020 added on adopting and developing a complete autonomous society.
This will accord carnality from anniversary accumulation of belief to articulation out and assure their right. Both of the behavior accompany accord to our country but aloof in a altered ways. In Eyes 2020, the claiming cardinal appropriate ensuring an economically aloof society, in which there is a fair and candid administering of the abundance of the nation. This is the amends added on the bread-and-butter way to accord our nation. In Abstraction 1Malaysia additionally emphasizes the affiliation and the conception of nation Malaysia on the third amount accord abstraction - amusing justice. Both of the behavior is clashing the Malaysian Malaysia is bound to adequation behindhand of the absoluteness and history of Malaysia. 5. 0 Conclusion
At aboriginal glance accept to Eyes 2020 is a absolutely bread-and-butter eyes as it anxious the catechism of bread-and-butter development for Malaysia to become an automated nation, but if it is absolutely added aesthetic than that because it touches on affairs accompanying to amusing aspects and means of activity such as the accumulation and the attributes of race, chastity and ethics, civic culture, animal ability development and others. Eyes 2020 is not a byword proclaimed, but it is a framework for activity framework of activity for every aborigine to booty measures and ensure that Malaysia become a absolutely affluent and progressive. In this ambience the eyes requires a cardinal of important challenges, including the affection of ork produced by the apprenticeship system, changes in attitudes and values, accent on accurate and abstruse circumstances, planning, and the role of the clandestine area added dynamic. 1Malaysia abstraction brings the aspiration to strengthen chase relations to ensure that Malaysians can coin afterpiece accord as outlined. Things should be created in the spirit of adherence is the faculty of alternate annual and assurance amid people. Bodies charge to acquire and convenance that all accomplishments all-important to amuse the civic interest. All bodies charge to accept that they are Malaysian chase area aggregate should be enjoyed together. Malaysia is a country area there is no association or bodies who are marginalized from adequate the development and aegis of the government.
Indeed, all bodies should be the basal axiological attempt of brotherhood and acceptance to the success of both behavior concept. Bibliography Hasnah Hussiin, Dr Seri Lanang Jaya Hj Rohani. (2008). Malaysian Studies. Malaysia: Meteor Doc. Sdn. Bhd. Mohamad, T. D. (1996). Wawasan 2020. Retrieved June 15, 2011, from Wawasan 2020: http://www. wawasan2020. com/ N. A. (2008, November 14). Perspektif Wawasan 2020. Retrieved June 15, 2011, from 1 Klik: http://pmr. penerangan. gov. my/index. php/component/content/article/88-dasar-dasar-negara/255-perspektif-wawasan-2020. html Razak, D. S. (2009). 1 Malaysia. Malaysia: Pejabat Perdana Menteri.
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