The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire
The Han absolutism fatigued capability in their tools, as able-bodied as application technology to anticipate accustomed disasters and advance in their society. The Romans, however, marveled at their civilization’s innovations, but alone idolizing those who formed with accoutrement and crafts. The ascendancy of baptize was cogent in both the Han absolutism and the Roman Authority (Docs 1 and 8). Han admiral believed baptize attention admiral and hydraulic engineers should assignment calm to anticipate calamity (Doc 1). The biographer requested the accumulation of baptize attention admiral in anniversary district, and inspections of waterways, walls, etc.
Along with all-important aliment (Doc 1). Certificate 1 is a letter from a Han government official apropos flood prevention. Considering the cachet of the biographer of certificate 1 and the actuality that the letter is instructional, it seems reasonable to accept he knows what he’s talking about. The Romans additionally acclimated baptize engineering, aqueducts, to accumulation the cities with baptize (Doc 8). Frontinus boasted about the affluence of baptize for “public and clandestine uses (Doc 8). ” As a baptize commissioner, the biographer of certificate 8 alone talks about the positives of the baptize system, possibly to accomplish himself attending admirable in the eyes of his superiors.
An added certificate from a accepted aborigine of Rome anecdotic how aqueducts absolutely affect their activity would abutment Frontinus, who alone provides an official government point of view. Both the Roman and the Han admiral capital to use technology to ascendancy baptize for the account of the citizens, but for the Han dynasty, it was added all-important to thrive. Huan Tan, an aloof Han philosopher, speaks of Fuxi, the astute emperor and artist of the abrade and adhesive (Doc 3). After Fuxi’s invention, there was an advance in technology with the conception of baptize ability (Doc 3).
The attitude against technology in this certificate is as technology as a “gift” from aware emperors. Huan Tan, because a philosopher, would acclaim technology from the emperor as Confucian aesthetics angle the emperor as a affectionate father-figure. Huan Tan may accept accounting this certificate praising the emperor as a way of adulatory the accepted government in hopes of accomplishing a college official position. Like Fuxi, Tu Shih, governor of Nanyang, was additionally a astute and aware baton (Doc 4).
Tu Shih developed a water-powered blowing-engine that was a labor-saving device, to facilitate cast-iron agronomical implements. “Tu Shih admired the accepted bodies and admired to save their labor” (Doc 4). Technology in this certificate is additionally apparent as a “gift” from aware leadership. The biographer of this certificate could accept been aggravating to amuse the emperor in adjustment to ability a college position in office. Both of these abstracts appearance that the Han absolutism saw technology as a way to advance in their association and for the advantage of their people.
Cicero, an aloof Roman political baton describes those who assignment with their easily as barnyard or common, assertive that gentlemen do not assignment with their easily (Doc 5). Cicero speaks of hired-workers and craftsmen as accepting unfit occupations (Doc 5). Technology is perceived as all-important in this document, but not fit for aware minds. Cicero cannot accurately adjudicator technology’s appulse because he is a affiliate of the aristocratic and does not assignment with technology. According to Seneca, an aloof Roman philosopher, technology takes actuality smart, but not broad-mindedness (Doc 7).
Seneca does not accept in the accent of alone abstruse creations and believes there is a aberration amid those who assignment with their easily and those who assignment with their minds (Doc 7). Both abstracts appearance abrogating Roman attitudes and are aspersing appear technology. Huan Guan, a Han government official, suggests that acceptable government should actual the bearings of sub-standard accoutrement (Doc 2). Rather than him actuality abrogating appear technology, he is actuality abrogating appear the government’s role. He believes that technology is basic to barbarian assembly and is the government’s albatross to abutment it (Doc 2).
Plutarch, a Roman aerial official describes Roman leader, Gauis Gracchus’ bigger alley architecture in a glorifying address (Doc 6). Technology according to this certificate has a applied side, but additionally one of aesthetics (Doc 6). As a baronial official, Plutarch praises addition political baton possibly admiring to access a promotion. Both abstracts appearance technology as necessary, but the Han absolutism shows a charge for technology and the Roman authority makes improvements that are not necessarily basic to their society.
Additional abstracts by women would accept been accessible in exploring whether there are similarities or differences in Han and Roman attitudes according to gender. Also, abstracts by workers or the lower chic would accept accustomed altered perspectives against attitudes and angle on technology, instead of aerial admiral who do not alone assignment with technology. The Han dynasty, because of accustomed disasters and the acceptable of their civilization, were pushed to advance on technology while the Roman authority admired their great, added innovations.
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