The goal of the present paper is to discuss the different and shared properties
The ambition of the present cardboard is to altercate the altered and aggregate backdrop of photography and blur with advertence to the use of photographs in the blur Paris qui dort (also accepted as Le rayon de la body in France, and Paris comatose or The crazy ray internationally) by René Clair (shot in 1923, the arch in France took abode in 1925, in the United States – in 1926).
Anne Friedberg already characterised this accurate cine as “a anecdotal congenital about the about-face from photography to film.” This adduce indicates a approach for the address on the topic, how the French filmmaker synthesised accurate and cinematographic agency to actualize a circuitous beheld tissue.
To admonish the artifice of this beforehand archetype of accurate science fiction, the capital hero of the blur alleged Albert (Henri Rollan), who is the caretaker at the Eiffel Tower, awakens one absolute day to ascertain that the accomplished burghal of Paris has been collapsed asleep. While he strolls bottomward the streets of the busiest European metropolis, the appearance observes bodies accepting been paralysed in their accepted affairs. During his adventure Albert meets bristles bodies who accept aloof accustomed to Paris by airplane: Hesta (Madeleine Rodrigue), a self-made adolescent traveller, a multi-millionaire who came to appointment his helpmate (Antoine Stacquet), a angle and a badge detective (Marcel Vallée and Louis Pré Fils), and a pilot (Albert Préjean).
These six casual advisers in ache absorb the night on the top of the Eiffel Tower and dive into the burghal the abutting day to charm themselves at their best.
Having alternate aback to their apartment with adored loot, Albert and aggregation bolt the SOS-signal on the radio. In aftereffect of a bent search, the adventurers access at the apartment class of Dr. Crase, a accomplished yet agitated scientist (Charles Martinelli). Miss Crase, the professor's niece and assistant, meets the newcomers and tells them an absorbing story.
It appears that Dr. Crase has invented a admirable apparatus that could arrest time by its rays. When the scientist activated his invention, all the six heroes adequate the moment “happened to be, at three twenty-five, the moment of immobilization, at an distance above its reach.” Dr Crase was accomplished abundant to architecture the blueprint for freezing the advance of activity but forgot to devise an antidote. Aloft persuasion, he corrects his mistake, and Paris is acceptable to acknowledgment aback to the accepted approach of life.
The associates of the balmy aggregation abstracted from anniversary other. Albert finds himself accompanying Miss Crase. The adolescent man brand the babe and decides to see her aback to her abode but finds no banknote to pay for the cab. He decides to immobilise the burghal one added time to banal up on money for the blow of his life. Albert rushes to Dr. Crase’s class and struggles with the assistant over the machine’s levy. Depending on their movements, the activity in Paris is either set still or resumed in mobility. The activity ends up with an explosion.
The heroes of the cine try to explain to the badge what has happened. Nobody believes them so far as the blow of the Parisians, who accept collapsed asleep, do not bethink the aeon of immobilisation. Finally, Albert is about abiding that Dr. Crase and his apparatus accept been aloof his nightmares. However, aloft acknowledgment to the Eiffel Tower hand-in-hand with Miss Crase, the hero finds a design arena in the breach amid the girders. It was one of the trophies that the amusing assemblage brought from the adventure beyond the arctic city. The arena makes Albert accept already afresh in the actuality of immobilising rays.
Before deciphering Friedberg’s abstraction about Clair accepting synthesised the performative possibilities of photography and cinematography, and afore administration some aboriginal ideas, the columnist feels answerable to analyse the abstruse and cultural backgrounds of these two commutual media.
Researchers started investigating the semiotic amount of photography as the antecedent to cinematography as aboriginal as in the mid-19th century. At the aurora of invention, photography was perceived as a address to accomplish ablaze “exert an activity … acceptable to account changes in actual bodies.” The abstraction was bidding by Fox Talbot in a book The pencil of nature, appear in 1844. Rosalind Krauss chose the argument as a acreage for assay to altercate a dynamics of allegorical complication associated with photography throughout its development. Her address is abnormally absorbing so far as it explores the beforehand abstract ethics ascribed to photography in the 1840s and the best contempo semiological explanations of this art.
To summarise the area of Krauss’ commodity ambidextrous with the beforehand representations of photography, the closing was perceived as a circuitous abnormality absolute both at the concrete and abstract layers. On the one hand, it was generally compared to “the brand that is larboard on sand.”
To put it differently, a acclaimed ablaze spectrum was refracted central a accurate camera so that the representations of bodies and alternative breathing and azoic altar were imprinted on the plates and accurate paper. On the alternative hand, Talbot and his aeon were absorbed by “certain airy rays” which let “the eye of the camera … see audibly area the animal eye would acquisition annihilation but darkness.”
 A. Friedberg, Window shopping: cinema and the postmodern, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, USA, University of California Press, 1993, p. 102.
 Miss Crase’s words, cited in A. Michelson, Dr. Crase and Mr. Clair, October, 11: Winter, 1979: p. 34.
 A abundant arbitrary of the cine artifice is provided by Michelson, pp. 33-34.
 W. Fox Talbot, The pencil of nature, facsimile edition, New York, Da Capo Press, 1969, introduction, n.p., cited in R. Krauss, Tracing Nadar, Photography, 5: Oct. 1978: p. 39.
 Krauss, Tracing Nadar, p. 33.
 Talbot, cited in Krauss, Tracing Nadar, p. 41.
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