Research Article Critique
Research Commodity Appraisal Tonya L. Smith, RN Alternative University NUR 225 Assay Commodity Appraisal The appellation of the assay commodity I chose to appraisal is from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. “Hypertension, orthostatic-hypotension, and the accident of avalanche in a community-dwelling aged population: The aliment of balance, absolute living, intellect, and bite in the aged Boston study”; this appellation fits able-bodied with the agreeable presented in the assay article. The absolute variables are acutely authentic as able-bodied as the abased variables for the assay actuality conducted.
The agreeable of the abstruse is a actual acceptable overview of the agreeable and it is constant with the content. The abstruse summarizes the objective, design, setting, participants, measurements, and results. Problem/Purpose The botheration actuality advised is the accident of avalanche in the aged citizenry accompanying to the furnishings of controlled and amoral hypertension and orthostatic hypotension. The authors do analyze the acceptation of the botheration as avalanche for actuality the arch account of affliction for the ancient generations.
Adequate accomplishments advice is not provided to abutment the botheration because the accountable at duke “has not been advised previously” (Gangavati, et al. , 2011, p. 383). Explanation of the purpose of this abstraction actuality conducted is provided by the authors. Abstract Assay The antecedent assay accessories and their outcomes are briefly declared with altered amounts of time from 1-3 account afterwards alone is continuing afore a abatement in claret burden of 10-20mmHg would action and be accompanying to a fall.
The purpose “was to appraise the affiliation amid hypertension, OH appliance assorted definitions, and their aggregate and the accident of alternate avalanche in a community-dwelling aged population” (Gangavati, et al. , 2011, p. 384). The account of twenty eight references is acclimated is this article. There are eight references anachronous up to ten years old, four references anachronous bristles years old or less, and sixteen references that are added than ten years old with one of them actuality twenty-three years old. The authors do actual briefly abridge their assay of the abstract as to what is accepted and not accepted to the study.
They do explain a charge for added abstraction from antecedent assay with a abridgement of adeptness in definitions of orthostatic hypertension presented. Framework/Theoretical Perspective The abstraction is based aloft a specific bearings approach apropos the accord amid avalanche and changes in claret burden of the aged citizenry earlier than seventy. The authors affix their approach to the abstraction by demonstrating a affiliation amid a change in systolic orthostatic hypotension and continuing for one minute.
This change in systolic orthostatic hypotension would prove to be accretion avalanche for the ancient citizenry with amoral hypertension. Assay Question(s) OR Hypotheses The antecedent was that the accident of avalanche would be accomplished in bodies with amoral hypertension and in those with orthostatic hypotension. The questions at duke of the assay were to appraise the affiliation amid hypertension, orthostatic hypotension appliance altered definitions, and to appraise their aggregate and the accident of avalanche in a community-dwelling aged population. Variables
The absolute variables were the absolute cardinal of individuals that were seventy years old or earlier active aural a 5-mile ambit of the study. These individuals would present with no hypertension, controlled hypertension, amoral hypertension, and systolic orthostatic hypotension. The abased variables are the claret burden measurements, cardinal of avalanche reported, and the bulk of time continuing from one to three minutes. The claret burden abstracts were taken at two altered times at two account afar afterwards bristles account of blow and an boilerplate of the two would be acclimated in the analysis.
The abstracts of claret burden were acquired appliance a chiral claret burden belt that was authentic for size. The cardinal of avalanche was appear over a year of time and at the end of anniversary ages on a account avalanche agenda and alone counted if they had accomplished two falls. Demographics of Sample A few examples of the demographics acclimated in the sample was 22% non-white, 64% female,70% accepting antihypertensive medications, 38% history of avalanche and 25% with a history of stroke. Assay Architecture The assay architecture acclimated was -to-be population-based study.
Prospective designs are a blazon of longitudinal architecture that can be beginning or non-experimental and they are “studies that activate in the present and end in the future” (Schmidt & Brown, 2012, p. 158). This abstraction was a non-experimental -to-be abstraction completed on a citizenry of the aged followed over a advance of a year. This architecture was adapted to access the all-important data. Subjects were not necessarily assigned to the accumulation but they were called depending on if they lived aural bristles afar of the study, seventy years old or older, and the adeptness to accommodated assertive criteria.
There was no adumbration of a pilot abstraction accepting been conducted. Sample/Setting The sampling belief that had to be met were the alone had to be active in the bristles mile ambit of the abstraction and they had to abide in the breadth for three years. This assay abstraction acclimated simple accidental sampling for the sampling method; with according affairs of actuality selected, beneath accident of bias, and abounding representation of the population. Bodies were called based on “ability to accept and acquaint in English, adeptness to airing 20 anxiety afterwards claimed assistance, acceptable vision, and able to alive in the breadth for at atomic 3 years” (Gangavati, et al. 2011, p. 384). Individuals were adjourned with a baseline appraisal that included medical history, abatement history, cognition, medication, and in-clinic evaluations of balance, and beef strength. Abreast accord was acquired from all participants by accounting abreast consent. The ambience of the abstraction was the community; this ambience fit able-bodied with the study’s objectives. Measurement, Methods & Instruments Kaplan-Meier curves and Multivariate Cox proportional hazard clay were acclimated to appraise the accident of avalanche in participants with orthostatic ypotension. Fisher exact assay was acclimated for absolute variables. Wilcoxon rank sum was acclimated for connected variables. A chiral sphygmomanometer was acclimated to access claret burden readings. The blazon of altitude acclimated was physiological admeasurement at the cardinal akin of measurement. The authors did altercate the believability of abstracts actuality acquired with individuals who had been accomplished in adapted claret burden techniques and for abeyant sources of error. Abstracts Collection The abstracts was calm for the cardinal of avalanche by mail.
The one ages agenda was mailed aback at the end of anniversary ages charting cardinal of falls. Abstracts for claret burden were taken at 1 minute afterwards continuing and 3 account afterwards standing, 2 claret pressures were taken while laying supine, and afresh again afterwards comatose 5 minutes. Abstracts was calm by longitudinal design. The abstracts was calm at home by the actor or the caregiver. Abstracts Assay The abstracts assay procedures were acutely declared appliance description of aftereffect time of truncation.
The assay listed characteristics of the groups and how they were compared. The abstracts assay procedures were adapted for the blazon of abstracts actuality calm because it was a analytical assay of the abstracts that was calm for the assay study. Statistical Analyses The assay included an alpha akin of 0. 05 to actuate statistical importance. This alpha akin adumbrated that the advisers acquainted 95% assured in that the accident of avalanche in the citizenry actuality activated would be accompanying to amoral hypertension and orthostatic hypotension. Limitations
The limitations that were articular by this assay abstraction was a bent for cardinal of avalanche through the use of a avalanche agenda and continuing claret burden was not abstinent above 3 minutes. The allegation were additionally bound because of the citizenry was a majority of Caucasians, and bound to community-dwelling adults. There was additionally limitation on adeptness of any medication changes during this time. Other limitations I can anticipate of is we do not apperceive if individuals were accurately blockage the claret burden anniversary day or was it aloof in the preset of the study. Implication of Findings
The implications for nursing were not acutely declared in this study. Some implications for nursing that were not declared are to become added acquainted of orthostatic hypotension aloft continuing of the aged and to baby-sit acquiescence of hypertensive medications. Added abstraction was appropriate in adjustment to affirm allegation in a analytic balloon setting. Generalization of Allegation The authors did generalize the allegation in this assay study. They did not administer their allegation above this study. It is not adumbrated in the abstraction that they activated any allegation to the citizenry in general.
Format I did not see any spelling, punctuation, or grammatical errors. The book anatomy was good. This assay was difficult to adapt at aboriginal but afterwards account it a brace of times and breaking bottomward the advice actuality provided it was added logical. Overall Evaluation The accomplish of the assay action were logically affiliated together. The antecedent of this abstraction did accomplish faculty based on assay of the literature. The adjustment acclimated in this assay -to-be population-based abstraction and the qualitative abstracts calm did fit able-bodied with the absorbed of the study.
The consequence this assay gave was that individuals over the age of seventy are activity undiagnosed with orthostatic hypotension and those with amoral hypertension are at a aerial accident for falls. Recognition of abatement accident is an important accountable for me; I can chronicle to the allegation because I assignment with the aged citizenry in a continued appellation affliction facility. Awareness needs to be aloft not alone to aged nurses but all caregivers about the accent in acknowledging the aerial accident of avalanche accompanying to hypertension or hypotension. References Gangavati, A. , Hajjar, I. , Quach, L. Jones, R. , Kiely, D. , Gagnon, P. , & Lipsitz, L. (2011). Hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, and the accident of avalanche in a community-dwelling aged population: the aliment of balance, absolute living, intellect, and bite in the aged of Boston study. Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society, 59 (3), 383-389. doi:http://dx. doi. org. ezproxy. liberty. edu:2048/10. 1111/j. 1532-5415. 2011. 03317. x Schmidt, N. , & Brown, J. (2012). Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and appliance of assay (2 ed. ). Valparaiso, IN: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
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