Republic of India
India, clearly the Republic of India (Bharat Ganrajya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most crawling country with over 1. 2 billion people, and the best crawling capitalism in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares acreage borders with Pakistan to the west;[d] China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the around of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands allotment a amphibian bound with Thailand and Indonesia. Home to the age-old Indus Valley Civilisation and a arena of celebrated barter routes and all-inclusive empires, the Indian subcontinent was articular with its bartering and cultural abundance for abundant of its continued history.
Four apple religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—originated here, admitting Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam accustomed in the 1st millennium CE and additionally helped appearance the region's assorted culture. Gradually annexed by and brought beneath the administering of the British East India Company from the aboriginal 18th aeon and administered anon by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an absolute nation in 1947 afterwards a attempt for ability that was apparent by non-violent attrition led by Mahatma Gandhi.
Rabindranath Tagore is Asia's aboriginal Nobel laureate and artisan of India's civic canticle Swami Vivekananda was a key amount in introducing Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and USA, adopting interfaith acquaintance and authoritative Hinduism a apple religion. The Indian abridgement is the world's tenth-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing ability adequation (PPP). Following market-based bread-and-butter reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing above economies; it is advised a anew industrialised country.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, bare accessible healthcare, and terrorism. A nuclear weapons accompaniment and a bounded power, it has the third-largest continuing army in the apple and ranks eighth in aggressive amount amid nations. India is a federal built-in republic absolute beneath a aldermanic arrangement consisting of 28 states and 7 abutment territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is additionally home to a assortment of wildlife in a array of adequate habitats.
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