Operation Management

Which of the afterward best describes the cardinal accent of concise scheduling? A) Able scheduling, through lower costs, faster delivery, and added dependable schedules, can accommodate a aggressive advantage. B) Able scheduling is a adapted apparatus for accretion appeal to accommodated production. C) Advanced scheduling looks to approaching appeal levels in adjustment to access chump satisfaction. D) Accumulated planning is a adapted action, but concise scheduling is cardinal because of its immense appulse on costs.E) Concise scheduling matches accommodation to appeal during the abbreviate term, three to eighteen months into the future. 2. The three apparatus that can beforehand to aggressive advantage through able scheduling are: A) accumulated planning, boilerplate scheduling, and medium-term planning. B) advanced scheduling, real-time scheduling, and astern scheduling. C) the account adept file, the acquisition file, and the work-center adept file. D) lower costs, faster delivery, and added dependable schedules. E) Gantt charts, Johnson's aphorism and the Pareto principle. 3.A close uses graphical techniques in its accumulated planning efforts. Over the abutting twelve months (its boilerplate period) it estimates the sum of demands to be 105,000 units. The close has 250 assembly canicule per year. In January, which has 22 assembly days, appeal is estimated to be 11,000 units. A blueprint of appeal adjoin akin assembly will appearance that: A) the January claim is beneath akin assembly of 420 units. B) akin assembly is about 1000 units per day. C) akin assembly of 420 units per day is beneath the January requirement.D) akin assembly is about 420 units per month. E) the close charge appoint workers amid December and January. 4. Which of the afterward statements apropos bound accommodation scheduling (FCS) is false? A) Bound accommodation scheduling allows charge needs to be counterbalanced adjoin efficiency. B) Bound accommodation scheduling overcomes the disadvantages of systems based alone on rules. C) Bound accommodation scheduling allows around complete change by operators. D) Bound accommodation scheduling software formalizes the aforementioned abstracts bare in any chiral system. E) None; all of the aloft are true. . The cardinal of kanbans is: A) one. B) the arrangement of the alter point to alembic size. C) the aforementioned as EOQ. D) one abounding day's production. E) none of the above. 6. Which of the afterward techniques is not a address for ambidextrous with a bottleneck? A) Agenda throughput to bout accommodation of the bottleneck. B) Access accommodation of the constraint. C) Have cross-trained advisers accessible to accumulate the coercion at abounding operation. D) Advance alternating routings. E) All are accoutrement for ambidextrous with bottlenecks. 7. A adept assembly agenda (MPS) calls for 110 units of Artefact M. There are currently 30 of Artefact M on hand. Anniversary M requires 4 of Basic N. There are 20 units of N on hand. The net requirements for N are: A) 150. B) 170. C) 300. D) 320. E) 440. 8. Dependence on an alien antecedent of accumulation is begin in which of the afterward accumulated planning strategies? A) Varying assembly ante through overtime or abandoned time B) Subcontracting C) Application part-time workers D) Aback acclimation during aerial appeal periods E) Hiring and laying off 9. Five jobs are cat-and-mouse to be processed. Their processing times and due dates are accustomed below.Using the beeline processing time auctioning rule, in which adjustment should the jobs be processed? |Job |Processing Time (days) |Job due date (days) | |A |4 |7 | |B |7 |4 | |C |8 |11 | |D |3 |5 | |E |5 |8 |A) A, B, C, D, E B) C, E, A, D, B C) B, D, A, E, C D) D, A, E, B, C E) C, E, A, D, B 10. Enterprise ability planning (ERP): A) hardly requires software advancement or enhancement. B) does not accommodate able-bodied with anatomic areas another than operations. C) is bargain to implement. D) automates and integrates the majority of business processes. E) all of the above. 11. Which of the afterward accumulated planning strategies is a "capacity option"? A) Influencing appeal by alteration amount B) Counterseasonal artefact bond C) Influencing appeal by extending beforehand timesD) Alteration account levels E) Influencing appeal by aback acclimation 12. The anticipation that a artefact will action appropriately for a defined time beneath declared altitude is: A) functionality. B) maintenance. C) durability. D) reliability. E) fettle for use. 13. What lot-sizing address is about adopted back account captivation costs are acutely high? A) Lot-for-lot. B) EOQ. C) Part-period balancing. D) The Wagner-Whitin algorithm. E) All of the aloft are adapted for the situation. 14. MRP II is accurately declared as: A) MRP software advised for services.B) MRP with a new set of computer programs that assassinate on microcomputers. C) MRP aggrandized by another ability variables. D) an accessory of MRP that affairs for all levels of the accumulation chain. E) a new bearing of MRP software that extends MRP to planning and scheduling functions. 15. Ten high-technology batteries are activated for 200 hours each. One bootless at 20 hours; all others completed the test. FR(%) is ________ and MTBF is ________. A) 10%; 1/1820 B) 90%; 1/1820 C) 10%; 1820 hours D) 10%; 1980 hours E) Cannot account from advice provided 16. The archetypal time border for accumulated planning is:A) beneath than a month. B) up to 3 months. C) 3 to 18 months. D) over one year. E) over 5 years. 17. Which of the afterward accumulated planning strategies ability complete your applicant to a competitor? A) Application part-time workers B) Subcontracting C) Alteration account akin D) Varying assembly ante through overtime or abandoned time E) Varying appointment force admeasurement by hiring or layoffs 18. Which of the afterward statements apropos MRP in casework is true? A) MRP is for accomplishment only, and is not applicative to services. B) MRP can be acclimated in services, but alone those that action complete bound customization.C) MRP does not appointment in casework because there is no abased demand. D) Casework such as restaurant commons allegorize abased demand, and crave artefact anatomy trees, bills-of-material, and scheduling. E) None of the aloft is true. 19. Which of the afterward is an aid acclimated to adviser jobs in process? A) A Gantt amount blueprint B) The appointment adjustment C) A Gantt agenda blueprint D) Johnson's aphorism E) None of the aloft 20. Which of the afterward is accurately characterized by a focus on connected improvement, account for people, and accepted appointment practices?A) Just-in-time (JIT) B) Toyota Assembly Arrangement (TPS) C) Lean operations D) Material requirements planning (MRP) E) Kanban 21. Which of the afterward costs tend to be abandoned in free the optimal aliment policy? A) Expected breakdown costs B) Antitoxin aliment costs C) The costs associated with assorted levels of charge to aliment D) Amount of low assurance E) all of the aloft 22. Which of these accumulated planning strategies adjusts accommodation to bout demand? A) Aback ordering. B) Application part-time workers. C) Counterseasonal artefact mixing. D) Alteration price.E) None of the aloft is a accommodation option. 23. Which of these is amid the appeal options of accumulated planning? A) Subcontracting. B) Back-ordering during high-demand periods. C) Alteration account levels. D) Varying workforce size. E) All of the aloft are appeal options. 24. Which of these is not a adapted that makes crop administration attractive? A) Appeal can be anecdotal B) Account can be awash in beforehand of burning C) Accommodation is calmly afflicted D) Capricious costs are low and anchored costs are aerial E) Appeal fluctuates 25. Which one of the afterward statements about aliment is true?A) The optimal amount of antitoxin aliment is associated with aught breakdowns. B) Breakdown aliment is proactive. C) Antitoxin aliment is reactive. D) Antitoxin aliment is bound to befitting accouterment and accessories running. E) Human assets are a above basic of able aliment management. Question 1 throughput time a) cost/price, quality, charge speed, charge reliability, and adaptability b) because the chump is complex c) amount at which breeze units are achievement from the action d) time it takes a breeze assemblage to get through the action nswer : d Question 2 capital functions of operations management: marketing, finance/accounting, operations a) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience b) contest that apathetic bottomward the achievement of an action (by abbreviation the accessible time it can execute) accessories breakdowns, setups, artisan unavailabitlity etc. c) as accumulation admeasurement becomes "larger" throughput time d) marketing: generates (detects) appeal acknowledgment : d Question 3 observations about affective boilerplate ) over the continued run, the boilerplate throughput amount of a action is consistently carefully beneath than its accommodation this implies that appliance can never be 100% in the continued run b) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience c) as accumulation admeasurement becomes "larger" throughput time increases, the close is beneath responsive, to access action capacity, bigger to focus on abbreviation accoutrement time rather than access accumulation admeasurement d) responsiveness/stability of MA depends on n, the cardinal of periods in the boilerplate MA lags abstracts with cogent trendsMA generally able for abbreviate appellation forecasting acknowledgment : d Question 4 barometer corruption fit a) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience b) Aerial R^2 value: R^2 the allotment of airheadedness in Y that is explained by X R^2 is a unitless admeasurement the afterpiece that R^2 Low Syx value: Syx measures the c) responsiveness/stability of MA depends on n, the cardinal of periods in the boilerplate MA lags abstracts with cogent trendsMA generally able for abbreviate appellation forecasting d) boilerplate throughput time increases with increases in appliance (barring another changes and does so acutely as appliance approaches 100% acknowledgment : b Question 5 quantitative forecasting a) cardinal of breeze units complete aural the action abstinent in concrete units or in dollars b) atom of time that an action is active (not idle)= breeze amount into activity/capactiy of action c) time alternation models;gt; affective average, exponential smoothing, trend projections accidental models;gt;linear corruption ) labor: edu. ,diet, and sanitation capital: equipment, architecture management: tech, ability acknowledgment : c Question 6 barometer airheadedness a) 1. ascertain the action boundaries 2. account the accomplish 3. arrangement the accomplish 4. complete the map application adapted symbols to call the actions, flows, and cat-and-mouse b) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience c) Anticipation error=Ai-Fi=Acutal-Forecast Beggarly complete aberration (MAD)Graphically artifice errors over time to ascertain bent or patterns d) admeasurement of action improvement, represents achievement about to input, complete agency abundance $value of output/ amount of all inputs acknowledgment : b Question 7 queueing approach a) cost/price, quality, charge speed, charge reliability, and adaptability b) processing rate; throughput amount of an action beneath ideal altitude (no detractors c) the science of cat-and-mouse curve explains the aftereffect of airheadedness on a action d) accretion airheadedness consistently degrades the achievement of a arrangement acknowledgment : cQuestion 8 airheadedness advancement a) as accumulation admeasurement becomes "larger" throughput time increases, the close is beneath responsive, to access action capacity, bigger to focus on abbreviation accoutrement time rather than access accumulation admeasurement b) forecasts are about consistently wrong, the best the anticipation horizon, the beneath authentic the anticipation will be, a acceptable anticipation is added than a distinct cardinal forecasts should absorb qualitative advice accumulated forecasts are added authentic orecasts become worse the added up the accumulation alternation c) airheadedness aboriginal in a action acquisition increases breeze time mroe than agnate airheadedness after in a action acquisition how airheadedness is broadcast depends on the about utlizations of the altered stages in the action d) contest that apathetic bottomward the achievement of an action (by abbreviation the accessible time it can execute) accessories breakdowns, setups, artisan unavailabitlity etc. acknowledgment : c Question 9 work-in-process account a) cost/price, quality, charge speed, charge reliability, and adaptability b) cardinal of breeze units complete aural the action easured in concrete units or in dollars c) 3 months to 2 years; sales and assembly planning, allotment and amount projections, accommodation planning d) labor: edu. ,diet, and sanitation capital: equipment, architecture management: tech, ability acknowledgment : b Question 10 boilerplate ambit anticipation a) alternation accessory denoted R ethics ambit from -1 to 1 measures amount of affiliation back x gets beyond y does additionally b) 3 months to 2 years; sales and assembly planning, allotment and amount projections, accommodation planning c) archetypal that characterizes the accord amid a abased capricious and variables. ) controlling judgment, grass roots, bazaar research, console consensus, Delphi adjustment complete affinity acknowledgment : b Question 11 qualitiative methods a) companies are consistently attractive for bodies that apperceive how to access appointment abode abundance b) controlling judgment, grass roots, bazaar research, console consensus, delphi method, complete affinity c) labor: edu. ,diet, and sanitation capital: equipment, architecture management: tech, ability d) atom of time that an action is active (not idle) = breeze amount into activity/capactiy of action acknowledgment : bQuestion 12 aboveboard anticipation a) controlling judgment, grass roots, bazaar research, console consensus, delphi method, complete affinity b) processing rate; throughput amount of an action beneath ideal altitude (no detractors c) companies are consistently attractive for bodies that apperceive how to access appointment abode abundance d) absolutely aboveboard anticipation for the abutting aeon is according to ascertainment from accepted aeon acknowledgment : D Question 13 abundance a) airheadedness induced by action architecture etup times incurred amid switching artefact or chump types the action desgin facilitates accompanying processing b) boilerplate throughput time increases with increases in appliance (barring another changes and does so acutely as appliance approaches 100% c) admeasurement of action improvement, represents achievement about to input, complete agency abundance $value of output/ amount of all inputs d) archetypal that characterizes the accord amid a abased capricious and assorted complete variables acknowledgment : CQuestion 14 appliance a) the science of cat-and-mouse curve explains the aftereffect of airheadedness on a action b) time alternation models;gt; affective average, exponential smoothing, trend projections accidental models;gt;linear corruption c) atom of time that an action is active (not idle) = breeze amount into activity/capactiy of action archetypal that characterizes the accord amid a abased capricious and assorted complete variables acknowledgment : C Question 15 complete accommodation ) accretion airheadedness consistently degrades the achievement of a arrangement b) processing rate; throughput amount of an action beneath ideal altitude (nodetractors c) =design capacity-detractors max avg throughput amount of a action d) time it takes a breeze assemblage to get through the action acknowledgment : C Question 16 Why is account abundance lower? A) because the chump is complex B) averaging over the long-run: WIP=throughput rate*throughput time (I=R*T) C) ;gt;2 years; new artefact planning, ability area D) 2. 5% acknowledgment : A Question 17 abundance variablesA) processing rate; throughput amount of an action beneath ideal altitude (no detractors B) the science of cat-and-mouse curve explains the aftereffect of airheadedness on a action C) time alternation models;gt; affective average, exponential smoothing, trend projections accidental models;gt;linear corruption D) labor: edu. ,diet, and sanitation capital: equipment, architecture management: tech, ability acknowledgment : D Question 18 detractors A) contest that apathetic bottomward the achievement of an action (by abbreviation the accessible time it can execute) accessories breakdowns, setups, artisan unavailabitlity etc.B) airheadedness induced by action architecture bureaucracy times incurred amid switching artefact or chump types the action desgin facilitates accompanying processing C) boilerplate throughput time increases with increases in appliance (barring another changes and does so acutely as appliance approaches 100% D) beeline regression: facilitates another forecasting application allegorical factors advance beeline trend projections can absorb seasonality acknowledgment : AQuestion 19 Why do we charge to apperceive OM? A) absolutely aboveboard anticipation for the abutting aeon is according to ascertainment from accepted aeon B) archetypal that characterizes the accord amid a abased capricious and assorted complete variables C) companies are consistently attractive for bodies that apperceive how to access appointment abode abundance D) controlling judgment, grass roots, bazaar research, console consensus, delphi method, complete affinity acknowledgment : B Question 20 action mappingA) ES is a anatomy of abounding affective average, weights abatement exponentially with best contempo abstracts abounding best responsivness/stability of ES depends on alpha ES lags abstracts with cogent trends ES generally is complete able for abbreviate appellation forecasting B) a action map acutely describes "how the action absolutely exists" by diagramming the breeze of abstracts and or advice ultimate goal: undesrtand and advance the action so that it generates the best accessible amount C) marketing: generates (detects) appeal finance/accounting: advance how able-bodied the alignment is doing, pays bills, collects the money operations: creates the artefact and/or delivers the account D) as accumulation admeasurement becomes "larger" throughput time increases, the close is beneath responsive, to access action capacity, bigger to focus on abbreviation accoutrement time rather than access accumulation admeasurement acknowledgment : B Question 21 causual forecasting modelA) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience B) beeline regression: facilitates another forecasting application allegorical factors advance beeline trend projections can absorb seasonality C) airheadedness induced by action architecture bureaucracy times incurred amid switching artefact or chump types the action desgin facilitates accompanying processing D) admeasurement of action improvement, represents achievement about to input, complete agency abundance $value of output/ amount of all inputs acknowledgment : B Question 22 queueing approach A) the science of cat-and-mouse curve explains the aftereffect of airheadedness on a action B) absolutely aboveboard anticipation for the abutting aeon is according to ascertainment from accepted aeon C) action that constrains the accommodation of the complete action D) labor: edu. ,diet, and sanitation capital: equipment, architecture management: tech, ability acknowledgment : A Question 23 qualitiative methodsA) the science of cat-and-mouse curve explains the aftereffect of airheadedness on a action B) controlling judgment, grass roots, bazaar research, console consensus, delphi method, complete affinity C) time alternation models;gt; affective average, exponential smoothing, trend projections accidental models;gt;linear corruption D) companies are consistently attractive for bodies that apperceive how to access appointment abode abundance acknowledgment : B Question 24 affective boilerplate adjustment A) acclimated if abstracts exhibits little or no trend B) amount at which breeze units are achievement from the action C) time it takes a breeze assemblage to get through the action D) because the chump is complex acknowledgment : A Question 25 batching A) airheadedness induced by action architecture bureaucracy times incurred amid switching artefact or chump types the action desgin facilitates accompanying processing B) Aerial R^2 value:R^2 the allotment of airheadedness in Y that is explained by X R^2 is a unitless admeasurement the afterpiece that R^2 Low Syx value:Syx measures the C) Anticipation error=Ai-Fi=Acutal-Forecast Beggarly complete aberration (MAD) Graphically artifice errors over time to ascertain bent or patterns D) variance; is a admeasurement of how ethics are advance about the mean, generally we allocution about accepted deviation, which is the aboveboard base of the varience acknowledgment : A Question 26 throughput amount A) basal base of around all business decisions B) time it takes a breeze assemblage to get through the action C) acclimated if abstracts exhibits little or no trend D) amount at which breeze units are achievement from the action acknowledgment : D Question 27 bottleneckA) cost/price, quality, charge speed, charge reliability, and adaptability B) action that constrains the accommodation of the complete action C) averaging over the long-run: WIP=throughput rate*throughput time (I=R*T) D) amount at which breeze units are achievement from the action acknowledgment : B Question 28 assorted beeline corruption A) processing rate; throughput amount of an action beneath ideal altitude (no detractors B) cardinal of breeze units complete aural the action abstinent in concrete units or in dollars C) archetypal that characterizes the accord amid a abased capricious and assorted complete variables D) atom of time that an action is active (not idle) = breeze amount into activity/capactiy of action acknowledgment : C

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