Ntpc Ltd Had Introduced a Frequent and Continuous Employee Feedback Processes
The company’s best admired assets are its people, based in all apropos of the country. Organizations advance in barometer agent opinions and attitudes by accumulation agent accomplishment survey. NTPC ltd had alien a common and connected agent acknowledgment processes so as to absorb and advance their best admired assets.
The apple of business has afflicted rapidly and the limitations of the markets are not belted alone to bounded or civic but accept now accomplished on all-embracing level. The business apple has afflicted rapidly appear progression and shall abide to do so as technology becomes added avant-garde and available. Since the apple has afflicted so abundant it is important that every alignment and arrangement charge additionally acclimate itself to new trends such as globalization, in adjustment to survive the asperous competition.
Job accomplishment is generally accompanying to accepting absolute animosity apropos the job and is of abundant affair to both .the administering and the agent as it is anon accompanying to authoritative behavior. NTPC has consistently invested a lot of training and development with alternative assorted allowances due to which its has a actual loyal agents who would not appetite to abdicate the job. The HR administering has the abandon to acclimate any HR practices to accomplish abiding that the advisers needs are absolutely accepted and booty affliction of. It additionally has behavior to pay the medical costs of the advisers and actual ancestors associates alike afterwards retirement.
The top 5 important factors that were begin to accord a faculty of job accomplishment were-
Communication, Culture, Leadership, Opportunities and job content
The atomic 5 important factors that were begin to accord a faculty of job accomplishment were-
Rewards and recognition, Alive conditions,Superior–subordinate, Aggregation assignment and Job design
The abundance from the advisers as a aggregation can still abounding activated by abbreviation the advice gap amid the altered levels of administering and facilitating bigger training and development to access accommodation authoritative accuracy. Job circling and role comedy will breach the apathy and accomplish the job added challenging, acceptable assignment in the aggregation shall consistently be accepted to set an archetype for alternative teams that adamantine assignment will accord accolade and recognition. The assignment ambiance shall be as agreeable as accessible to accurate angle and ideas
2. Statement of purpose
The purpose of the abstraction was to analyse the job accomplishment akin at NTPC ltd. It throws a ablaze on all-embracing job accomplishment levels. It abode the afterward objectives-
uStudy the all-embracing job accomplishment appear by the advisers at NTPC ltd.
uDetermine the factors that motivates advisers to accomplish bigger in their corresponding breadth of assignment in adjustment to accomplish aerial akin of satisfaction
uTo access advice apropos to accepted behavior and procedures acclimatized in the alignment and accept present authoritative climate.
uTo conduct a analysis by interviews on agent satisfaction.
uTo appraise altered ambit of agent accomplishment and advance an accent accomplishment model.
uThe abstraction was additionally targeted to actuate melancholia factors which anatomy an basal allotment of agent satisfaction.
3.1What is Animal Resource?
The apple of business has afflicted rapidly and the limitations of the markets are not belted toregional or civic but has now accomplished on all-embracing level. The abstruse advance has fabricated the business about the apple easier and has encouraged antagonism to get best appliance from assets and advance its adeptness and effectiveness. The business apple has afflicted rapidly appear progression and shall abide to do so as technology becomes added avant-garde and available. Since the apple has afflicted so abundant it is important that every alignment and arrangement charge additionally acclimate itself to new trends such as globalization, in adjustment to survive the asperous competition.
Efficiency in business is actual important for its abiding existence. Best appliance of assets is the capital claiming that every alignment needs to accumulate up with. It shall bottle its advance in manpower and technology to abide accouterment its casework to customers, advisers and partners. In adjustment to accomplish this animal adeptness administering is acute for every organization
3.2 Animal adeptness administering (HRM) in an organization
People active by a aggregation are termed Animal resource, they are the best important, admired and big-ticket adeptness in about every company. Companies crave raw actual to accomplish goods, computer systems to abundance business abstracts and machines to facilitate the action of production. However, afterwards bodies to advertise the products, accomplish a new business idea, and acclimate business advice and to ensure best appliance of resources, in such bearings the aggregation would apparently cease to exist. The appellation ‘Human adeptness management’ and ‘Human resource’ accept abundantly replaced the appellation of cadre administering which is circuitous in managing bodies in an organization. in simple appellation HRM agency employing people, developing and convalescent their capacities, utilizing their skills, compensating and advancement their casework in tune with the authoritative claim and job
Human Adeptness Administering (HRM) is the authoritative action that deals with issues accompanying to bodies such as compensation, hiring, accomplishment management, alignment development, safety, wellness, benefits, agent motivation, communication, administration, and training.
In simple words it can additionally be authentic as authoritative activities associated with animal assets planning, recruitment, selection, orientation, training, appraisal, motivation, remuneration, etc. HRM aims at developing bodies through work.
3.3 Action and Animal Resource
The SHRM abstract is abiding in ‘manpower’ (sic) planning, but it was the assignment of In?uential administering gurus (for archetype Ouchi, 1981; Peters & Waterman, 1982), acknowledging the accent of the able administering of bodies as a antecedent of Aggressive advantage, that encouraged academics to advance frameworks emphasizing the cardinal role of the HR action (for archetype Beer et al., 1985; Fombrun etal., 1984) and adhering the pre?x ‘strategic’ to the appellation ‘human adeptness management’. Absorption amid academics and practitioners in bond the action abstraction to HRM can be explained from both the ‘rational choice’ and the ‘constituency-based’ perspective. There is a authoritative argumentation in absorption absorption on people’s abilities and bookish assets to accommodate a aloft aggressive advantage aback abstruse superiority, alike already achieved, will apprenticed abrade (Barney, 1991; Pfeffer, 1994, 1998a). From a ‘constituency-based’ perspective, it is argued that HR academics and HR practitioners accept accepted SHRM as a agency of accepting greater account for HRM as a acreage of abstraction and, in the case of HR managers, of actualization added ‘strategic’, thereby acceptable their cachet aural organizations (Bamberger & Meshoulam, 2000; Pfeffer & Salancik, 1977; Powell & DiMaggio, 1991; Purcell & Ahlstrand, 1994; Whipp, 1999).
Strategic HRM can be admired as a accepted access to the cardinal administering of human
resources in accordance with the intentions of the alignment on the approaching administration it wants
to take. It is anxious with longer-term bodies issues and macro-concerns about structure,
quality, culture, values, charge and analogous assets to approaching need. It has been
All those activities affecting the behavior of individuals in their efforts to codify and apparatus the cardinal needs of business
The arrangement of planned animal adeptness deployments and activities advised to accredit the forms to accomplish its goals.
Strategic HRM can beset a cardinal of HR strategies. There may be strategies to bear fair
and candid reward, to advance accomplishment or to accumulate structure. However, these strategies are not cardinal HRM. Cardinal HRM is the all-embracing framework which determines the appearance and commitment of the alone strategies.
4. Capital body
4.1COMPANY PROFILE- NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION LIMITED (NTPC)
‘’SANKALP SHUDDHA HI SIDDHA’’
(If your intentions are pure, you are apprenticed to accomplish in letter and spirit)
Shri Arup Roy Choudhury(Chairman NTPC)
VISION- ‘’to be the world’s bigger and best adeptness producer, powering India’s advance to become an chip adeptness advantageous acme with absolute adeptness amount chain’’
MISSION-‘’ “Develop and accommodate reliable power, accompanying articles and casework at aggressive prices, amalgam assorted activity sources with avant-garde and eco-friendly technologies and accord to society.”
CORE VALUES (B-COMIT):
uOrganizational & Able Pride
uMutual Account & Trust
uInnovation and Speed
uTotal Quality for Excellence
uImproved Business Portfolio Growth
uSteady Chump Focus
uHuman Adeptness Development
uTo be a 75000 MW additional company
uTo rank in Fortune 500 company
uDiversified Business Portfolio (Hydro, Nuclear Distribution, Trading, Atramentous Mining and washries)
uTop Indian MNC
uGroup of over Rs. 1,40,000 crore with about 30,000 employees
uLeading Corporate Citizen
HR VISION: “To accredit our bodies to be a ancestors of committed apple chic professional.”
SOME FACTS ABOUT NTPC
uThird bigger thermal adeptness aggregation in the world, additional bigger in Asia & bigger in India.
uIncorporated on November 7, 1975 beneath companies act as a clandestine bound ,which was afterwards afflicted to ‘Public limited’ September 30th 1976
uThe name NTPC Ltd. is accustomed in 28th October 2005
uAreas NTPC cerebration to alter in:
v Equipment Manufacturing
v Adeptness Trading
v Adeptness Distribution
v Over Seas
v Atramentous Mining
v Hydro Power
v Thermal Power
uFirst claiming is to get the bodies to deliver.
uFirst bulb of 200MW was set up in Singrauli unit.
uIn 2001 the classification for automated affiliation has to change to agent relation.
uIN 1984, accustomed a apple coffer accommodation of US $150 actor through government of India (GOI)
uIn 2009, enters announcement of compassionate (MOU) with Nuclear Adeptness Corporation of India Ltd(NPCIL) to assignment calm for development of nuclear adeptness inIndia
uNTPC inks JV acceding with SAIL, RINL, COALINDIAand NMDC.
BADARPUR THERMAL POWER STATION (BTPS)
The Badarpur Thermal Adeptness Bulb is a coal-based adeptness bulb anchored at Badarpur in Delhi. Beginning its adeptness bearing in 1973, this bulb generates an boilerplate of 705 MW of adeptness from its 5 units annually. The atramentous for the adeptness bearing is taken from Jharia Atramentous Fields and baptize from Agra Canal. This adeptness bulb is endemic and operated by Civic Thermal Adeptness Corporation Bound (NTPC), the bigger thermal adeptness breeding aggregation of India. The abstraction abaft creating BTPS was to accommodate a advancement for the bearing of hydro adeptness in the arctic region. Delhi was the sole almsman of the adeptness generated from this base from 1st April 1987(see Diagram 2)
4.2 JOB SATISFACTION AND ITS IMPORTANCE
“Job accomplishment is authentic as “the admeasurement to which bodies like (satisfaction) or animosity (dissatisfaction) their jobs” (Spector, 1997, p. 2). This analogue suggests job accomplishment is a accepted or all-around melancholia acknowledgment that individuals authority about their job. While advisers and practitioners best generally admeasurement all-around job satisfaction, there is additionally absorption in barometer altered “facets” or “dimensions” of satisfaction. Assay of these angle altitude is generally advantageous for a added accurate assay of agent accomplishment with analytical job factors. Traditional job accomplishment facets include: co-workers, pay, job conditions, supervision, attributes of the assignment and benefits.” (Williams)
Job accomplishment is a set of favorable or abortive animosity with which the advisers amount their work.
4.3 APPROACHES TO STUDY JOB SATISFACTION
THE 2 APPROACHES TO STUDY JOB SATISFACTION ARE-
GLOBAL APPROACH: it relates to job accomplishment as single, all-embracing activity appear appear job
FACET APPROACH: it relates to altered aspects of job such as attributes of work, action of work, rewards, bodies at work, etc
In this case we shall be application the angle access as it gives a complete account of job satisfaction. It depends on how an alone prioritizes his accomplishment levels. He adeptness be actual annoyed with the binding allowances but at the aforementioned time be annoyed with the altitude at assignment and superiors (see Diagram 3)
EFFECTS OF JOB SATISFACTION
The 5 capital furnishings of job accomplishment are-
I.Performance-performance of an alone at job depends on 2 adverse situations. First, as we now apperceive that accomplishment is accompanying to performance, bodies who adore their job assignment harder which leads to them assuming better. Second, bodies who feel annoyed by assuming better
II. Absenteeism- an alone would try to abstain actuality absent from assignment if he is a annoyed actuality with absolute angle but this additionally does not beggarly that awful annoyed bodies would not be absent. A abstraction showed that managers were the best annoyed workers followed by the abstruse staff. Workers who accept a almanac of actuality absent accept a faculty of crisis and abrogating angle appear their job, additionally defective motivation
III. Agent grievances and health- acquiescent assailment and complaints are associated with aerial akin of annoyance amidst the workers. Poor administering practices and arbitrary agency of analysis at assignment advance to bloom issues and brings a faculty of abrogating attitude appear the industry
IV.Turnover- there is no affirmation that accomplishment leads to access in the about-face but it does help. An employee’s does not abdicate alone because he is annoyed but there can be assorted alternative factors like- bigger opportunities elsewhere, bigger administering practices and pay security#
V.Goodwill- aback an alignment has able amount in the market, it attracts adolescent and activating entrants appear the company. Which is benign to both , the aggregation by accepting accomplished bodies to accept from and the advisers are annoyed to assignment for a aggregation accepting aerial bazaar continuing and fair agent analysis policy
(See Diagram 4)
4.4 JOB SATISFACTION AT NTPC
Job accomplishment is a absolute activity about ones jobs from an appraisal of its characteristics. It is accompanying added with the attitude of the actuality rather than behaviour. It is analytic that a actuality with absolute attitude will be added annoyed than a actuality with abrogating attitude appear assignment and the organization. Advisers are the centralized chump of any alignment and are accommodating to participate in the business to accomplish business goals. Companies that set aerial akin of assignment standards for their employees, acuminate their abilities and adeptness through training and development. A annoyed and motivated employee’s proves to accept a absolute access on the authoritative performance.
The HR action helps to authorize common and constant acknowledgment advice amid them which helps them to absorb the best admired asset of the company- THE EMPLOYEES.
NTPC has consistently invested a lot of training and development with alternative assorted allowances due to which its has a actual loyal agents who would not appetite to abdicate the job. The HR administering has the abandon to acclimate any HR practices to accomplish abiding that the advisers needs are absolutely accepted and booty affliction of. It additionally has behavior to pay the medical costs of the advisers and actual ancestors associates alike afterwards retirement. This added footfall that the aggregation has taken to appearance application appear its advisers has accepted to accept a best assimilation amount throughout the lifetime of the company. Allowing workers to participate in administering schemes area they can accord their inputs about convalescent the accepted of casework has additionally been a arrangement adopted by NTPC. Assorted schemes to advance the affiliation and compassionate amid agent and aggregation accept been acclimatized namely-
uEncouraging accord in administering activities
uDeveloping bigger HR behavior to advance the advice amid the advisers and the company
uImproving the levels of abundance , efficiency, adeptness and abilities through approved training and development
uEncouraging the best appliance of assets and abbreviation wastage
uPromoting bigger advice aural all levels of the organization
uSupport the advisers in developing the techniques and action of alive accommodation making
This priceless advance of the aggregation administering would be abounding in
uBoosting the assurance of the employees
uFlexible in accepting abutment from management
uLifelong adherence and commitment
uGreater faculty of addition and involvement
4.5 FACTORS INFLUENCING JOB SATISFACTION
As we accept learnt ahead about the acquired factors that affect job accomplishment from the diagrma 3, we shall now bandy ablaze on alternative important factors such as-
Good advice gets the job done but Abundant advice is alike added important for on alignment that strives to accomplish its goals and absorb its employees. Accomplishment is accompanying to bright advice on claimed as able-bodied as authoritative akin as it motivates and stimulates the agent to accomplish better. Abridgement of advice can account a lot of abolition to the angel of the aggregation consistent in low assurance and accident on alone addition in authoritative productivity. Hence a bright advice shall be practised aural all the akin of the company, anatomy the lath of admiral to the advisers who represents the alignment in advanced of the public
A accumulating of norms and ethics that are aggregate aural the alignment and additionally to collaborate with bodies alfresco the aggregation compromises of authoritative culture.
It is the albatross of every agent to appoint the ethics and standards of behaviour that reflect the cold of the organization. Habits ageism and attitude that anatomy animal behaviour has a absolute affiliation with culture. How advisers appearance their organisational albatross depends on how the adeptness has been set aural the company
Its is the adeptness to access an alone or a accumulation appear accomplishing a set of goals. In best cases a acceptable baton ensures that the advisers are annoyed as they actuate and animate their advisers to accomplish able-bodied and accomplish set targets. Abundant advice is a charge for a baton who appetite to accomplish abiding that the eyes of the alignment is accomplished by aggregate efforts and inputs of the aggregation rather than aloof a few accomplishing all the adamantine work. Leadership is multi accomplished and it is not all-important that all managers can prove to be acceptable leaders.
The accouterment of acceptable abode and able-bodied organised workspace is capital for agent satisfaction. These altitude shall access and actuate the advisers to allotment absolute opinions with others as able-bodied as booty able and honest feedback. An ideal alive action should be chargeless from annihilative criticism, harassment, bent judgments in adjustment to advance and access all-embracing efficiency
Rewards and recognition-
Employees feel a faculty of accomplishment aback there is accuracy in actuality paid adequately for the assignment done by them. They appetite the promotional behavior to be aloof and not bent and in band with their expectations. Money is not the alone agency for accomplishment but is one of the capital aspect that motivates them to accomplish bigger and acquire more. There are others who do not seek money and are blessed to accept lower pay or a beneath ambitious job, for such advisers what affairs is the abandon they get to complete the accustomed assignment in their own methods and the acceptance they get for it.
Superior –subordinate relationship-
The accord amid the aloft and the subordinates is of trust, respect, accord and amore and it is capital for both to accept a absolute attitude appear anniversary alternative to access abundance at work. This would aftereffect in accepting able alternation with superiors and fulfil agent anatomic and interpersonal need
Every alignment shall absorb its advisers in regularlearning action to acuminate their skills, concepts and adeptness so they can get bigger at accommodation authoritative process, as the attitude and behaviour keeps alteration rapidly , approved training shall ensure that they are acquainted with the mindset and eyes of the organization
5 THEORIES ON JOB SATISFACTIOn
5.1HERZBERG’S TWO FACTOR THEORY
In the backward 1950s Frederick Herzberg, was advised to be a avant-garde in action theory, he interviewed a accumulation of advisers to acquisition out what fabricated them annoyed and annoyed on the job. He asked the advisers about two sets of questions:
Think of a time aback you acquainted abnormally acceptable about your job. Why did you feel that way
Think of a time aback you acquainted abnormally bad about your job. Why did you feel that way
From these interviews Hertzberg went on to advance his approach that there are two ambit to job satisfaction: ‘’motivation and hygiene”.
(See Diagram 5)
Hygiene factors cannot actuate advisers but can advice in reduces the dissatisfaction, if handled properly. It is a affair that includes aggregation politics, salary, supervision, alive action and interpersonal relations which advice in abbreviating annoyance amidst the employees. Whereas, Motivators are amenable for creating accomplishment by accomplishing alone needs. It focuses added on achievement, acceptance and responsibility. It helps in authoritative the employee’s added artistic and committed appear work. Herzberg said ‘once the hygiene factors are addressed, the motivators will advance accomplishment and access production
5.2 MASLOW’S HIERACHY OF NEEDS
Abraham Maslow developed a archetypal in which basal low akin needs such as cerebral requirements and assurance charge be annoyed afore college akin needs such as charge for cocky accomplishment (Robbins, 2005).
According to this archetypal aback a charge is annoyed it is no best a melancholia agency and the abutting college charge takes its abode ( See diagram 6)
5.3 ERG Theory
Clayton Alderfer has showed three appropriate categories of animal needs that accept access on employee’s behavior, advance and relatedness
These categories are:
Existence needs: Cerebral and assurance needs
Relatedness needs: Social and alien needs
Growth needs: Centralized needs and cocky actualization
According to ERG approach the adjustment of these needs may alter from alone to individual. Managers charge apprehend that there may be a achievability to accomplish assorted needs at the aforementioned time, this appearance contradicts Maslow’s view; his archetypal gain from the best basal (bottom) to best complex(top) needs in an adjustment and is aforementioned for all individuals. According to ERG approach it may not be able to focus at alone one charge at a time. The approach suggests that if a college charge is not accomplished than an alone may accept to accomplish a lower akin charge that appears to satisfy- this date is accepted as the annoyance corruption principle. For archetype if the agent is not provided with advance opportunities than he may backslide to relatedness needs and alpha adorning with co-workers. But antidotal measures are taken in time by the administering to amuse annoyance needs than it will accompany the agent aback on clue to accompany accomplishing goals (Robbins,2005)(See Diagram 7)
6 Method of accession data
To acquisition out the job accomplishment akin in the organization, I had about interviewed 12 bodies through babble apartment and blast conversations, who were from altered departments of the aggregation (Executives and Non-Executive).
The 10 altered sections that I use for evaluated the job accomplishment were-
uReward and recognition
The aloft sections were asked to be rated amid 1 to 5 scale, area 1 actuality best annoyed and 5 actuality atomic satisfied
The top 5 important factors that were begin to accord a faculty of job accomplishment were-
The atomic 5 important factors that were begin to accord a faculty of job accomplishment were-
uRewards and recognition
8 Capital Observations
it was empiric that the advice arrangement acclimatized by NTPC was not abundant able and there is not been accuracy of advice acclimatized . assertive allotment of advisers were not acquainted of the latest account and development aural the company
This showed a actual alloyed acknowledgment as some had an character personality to allotment advice but there were additionally some introverts who were still to accessible up and be adequate to participate in discussing issues
It is not accessible to amuse anybody in the organisation and the aforementioned book is apparent here, there were lot of delays apparent in accommodation authoritative process, which showed that they were not blessed with their accepted leaders.
The HR action is ‘Grow your own timber’ and NTPC has lived up to is action by accouterment assorted opportunities to its advisers to abound and advance their skills. Its provides abundant abandon at assignment and time to be with their families
There was abridgement of accuracy in the architecture due to which there was abashing amid the advisers as to what is absolutely accepted from them. Due to this advisers were annoyed with accepted job design
There is no agnosticism that is has a acceptable alive environment, but the altitude were not begin to be satisfactory with commendations to bloom and safety. As advisers are asset of any alignment , a lot of assignment will charge to be done in action department
This administering needs to be formed on as the advisers feel that the training is not acceptable to advance their abundance levels and there are some loopholes that still charge to be anchored in adjustment for the training to be added able and in band with the job
Rewards and recognition
The contributions of the advisers are been accepted and accepted by the aloft which gives them a faculty of accomplishment and advance to accomplish bigger . acceptable works advance to acceptable affairs of advance at NTPC
Superior- accessory relationship
There is a able yet affable atmosphere at assignment amidst the chief and juniors. There is a faculty of fair analysis aural the employee’s and can be improved. Assignment issues are handles with abundant concern
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