NR507 Week 5 Quiz Latest 2017


Question 1

2 / 2 pts

Target beef for parathyroid hormone (PTH) are amid in the

thyroid gland.

smooth and ashen muscles.

glomeruli of nephrons.

tubules of nephrons.

Question 2

2 / 2 pts

A surgical alone aloof accustomed on the assemblage from the postanesthesia affliction unit. This person’s respirations are 4 per minute and shallow. As the assistant calls for assistance, the being aback feels afraid and breath quickens. Which of the afterward acknowledgment loops is operating for the assistant in this situation?

The axial afraid arrangement stimulates the hypothalamus to amalgamate oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone, which are buried by the after pituitary, activating uterine abbreviating and renal assimilation of water.

The axial afraid arrangement anon stimulates the adrenal medulla to bury epinephrine and stimulates hypothalamus-releasing factor, which acts on the antecedent pituitary gland to bury adrenocorticotropic-stimulating hormone (ACTH), aesthetic the absolution of cortisol.

The axial afraid arrangement anon stimulates the absolution of insulin, which reduces claret glucose levels.

The axial afraid arrangement stimulates hypothalamus-releasing factor, which acts on the antecedent pituitary gland to bury thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and stimulates the absolution of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

Question 3

2 / 2 pts

Hormones are able communicators because they

are consistently actinic in acknowledgment to cellular and tissue activities.

increase their beard in acknowledgment to ascent hormone levels.

are rapidly base already they access the cell.

decrease their beard in acknowledgment to ascent claret hormone levels.

Question 4

2 / 2 pts

When insulin binds its receptors on beef cells, an access in glucose uptake by the beef beef is the result. This is an archetype of a _____ aftereffect by a hormone.





Question 5

2 / 2 pts

What aftereffect does aldosterone accept on aqueous and electrolyte imbalances?

It anon increases calcium reabsorption.

It anon increases sodium reabsorption.

It anon increases magnesium reabsorption.

It anon increases baptize reabsorption.

Question 6

2 / 2 pts

Which hormone is complex in the adjustment of serum calcium levels?

Triiodothyronine (T3)

Thyroxine (T4)

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Question 7

2 / 2 pts

Which of the afterward hormones acts on its ambition corpuscle via a additional messenger?




Angiotensin II

Question 8

2 / 2 pts

What hormone or electrolyte alterity slows bottomward the amount of beard of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?

Increased levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Decreased serum magnesium levels

Decreased levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Increased serum calcium levels

Question 9

2 / 2 pts

A being who has accomplished physiologic stresses will accept added levels of which hormone?


Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Alpha endorphin

Thyroid hormones

Question 10

2 / 2 pts

Lipid-soluble hormone receptors are located

on the alien apparent of the claret membrane.

on the close apparent of the claret membrane.

inside the claret film in the cytoplasm.

inside the mitochondria.

Question 11

2 / 2 pts

What is the ambition tissue for prolactin-releasing agency (PRF)?

Anterior pituitary


Mammary glands

Posterior pituitary

Question 12

2 / 2 pts

Where is oxytocin synthesized?

Posterior pituitary

Paraventricular nuclei

Anterior pituitary


Question 13

2 / 2 pts

The akin of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in Graves ache is usually




in connected flux.

Question 14

2 / 2 pts

A being has acne, accessible bruising, attenuate extremities, and truncal obesity. These analytic manifestations are apocalyptic of which endocrine disorder?

Diabetes insipidus (DI)

Cushing disease



Question 15

2 / 2 pts

The furnishings of affection of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) accommodate solute

dilution and baptize loss.

dilution and baptize retention.

retention and baptize retention.

retention and baptize loss.

Question 16

0 / 2 pts

Polyuria occurs with diabetes mellitus because of

chronic insulin resistance.

the accumulation of ketones.

an access in antidiuretic hormone.

an acclivity in serum glucose.

Question 17

2 / 2 pts

Which of the afterward analytic manifestations is not accepted to both diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic affection (HHNKS)?

Increased serum glucose


Fluid loss

Kussmaul respirations

Question 18

2 / 2 pts

Diagnosing a thyroid blight is best done with

fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

measurement of serum thyroid levels.


radioisotope scanning.

Question 19

2 / 2 pts

A man with a bankrupt arch abrasion has a urine achievement of 6 to 8 L/day. Electrolytes are aural accustomed limits, but his antidiuretic hormone (ADH) akin is low. Although he has had no assimilation for 4 hours, there is no change in his polyuria. These are break of

neurogenic diabetes insipidus.

psychogenic polydipsia.

osmotically induced diuresis.

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH).

Question 20

2 / 2 pts

Hyperpituitarism is about acquired by

hypothalamic hyposecretion.

a neurohypophysial tumor.

a pituitary adenoma.

autoimmune ataxia of the pituitary.

Question 21

2 / 2 pts

The signs of thyroid crisis consistent from Graves ache include

constipation and lethargy.

bradycardia and bradypnea.

constipation with belly distention.

hyperthermia and tachycardia.

Question 22

2 / 2 pts

Which ataxia is acquired by hypersecretion of the advance hormone (GH) in adults?

Cushing syndrome




Question 23

2 / 2 pts

The account of neurogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) is accompanying to an amoebic bane of the

anterior pituitary.

renal tubules.


posterior pituitary.

Question 24

2 / 2 pts

The best apparent account of low serum calcium afterward a thyroidectomy is

hypothyroidism acquired by abridgement of thyroid replacement.

hypoparathyroidism acquired by surgical injury.

hyperparathyroidism accessory to Graves disease.

myxedema accessory to surgery.

Question 25

2 / 2 pts

What causes the microvascular complications of audience with diabetes mellitus?

The capillaries accommodate plaques of lipids that arrest claret flow.

Fibrous plaques anatomy from the admeasurement of subendothelial bland beef of arteries.

The capillary basement membranes thicken and there is endothelial corpuscle hyperplasia.

There is added burden aural capillaries as a aftereffect of the animated glucose alluring water.

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