Mustafa Kemal Ataturk: The First President of Turkey

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (indeterminate, 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, advocate statesman, and architect of the Republic of Turkey as able-bodied as its aboriginal President. Ataturk became accepted as an acutely able aggressive administrator by actuality the alone best Ottoman administrator during World War I. [1] Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish civic movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having accustomed a conditional government in Ankara, he defeated the armament beatific by the Allies. His acknowledged aggressive campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the enactment of Turkey. During his presidency, Ataturk boarded aloft a affairs of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An adherent of the Age of Enlightenment, he approved to transform the above Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic, and civil nation-state. The attempt of Ataturk's reforms, aloft which avant-garde Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism. Aboriginal activity Main article: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's claimed life Born as Mustafa, his additional name Kemal (meaning Perfection or Maturity) was accustomed to him by his mathematics abecedary in acceptance of his bookish excellence. [2] He was built-in to a turkish ancestors active in Thessaloniki. Mustafa’s mother was Zubeyde Hanim (1857-1923), a adherent Muslim and "as fair as any Slav from above the Bulgarian frontier" with "fine white" bark and "eyes of a abysmal but bright ablaze blue". [3] In his aboriginal years, his mother encouraged Mustafa to appear a religious school, article he did cautiously and alone briefly. Later, he abounding Semsi Efendi academy (a clandestine academy with a added civil curriculum) at the administration of his father. His parents capital him to accept apprenticeship in a trade, but after consulting them, Ataturk took an access assay for a aggressive inferior aerial academy in Thessaloniki (in Turkish, Selanik, which was an Ottoman burghal at that time) in 1893. In 1896, he enrolled into a aggressive aerial academy in the Ottoman burghal of Manast? r (modern Bitola, Macedonia). In 1899, he enrolled at the War College in Istanbul and accelerating in 1902. He after accelerating from the War Academy on 11 January 1905.

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