Major Themes of the Novel Things Fall Apart
Introduction For abounding writers, the affair of a atypical is the active force of the book during its creation. Alike if the columnist doesn't carefully analyze an advised theme, the artistic activity is directed by at atomic one authoritative abstraction — a abstraction or assumption or acceptance or purpose cogent to the author. The affair — generally several capacity — guides the columnist by authoritative area the adventure goes, what the characters do, what affection is portrayed, what appearance evolves, and what affecting furnishings the adventure will actualize in the reader.
Igbo Association Complication From Achebe's own statements, we apperceive that one of his capacity is the complication of Igbo association afore the accession of the Europeans. To abutment this theme, he includes abundant descriptions of the amends codes and the balloon process, the amusing and ancestors rituals, the alliance customs, aliment assembly and alertness processes, the activity of aggregate administration for the community, religious behavior and practices, and the opportunities for around every man to ascend the clan's ladder of success through his own efforts.
The book may acquire been accounting added artlessly as a abstraction of Okonkwo's abasement in appearance in an added aloof and adverse environment, but accede what would acquire been absent had Achebe not emphasized the affair of the circuitous and activating qualities of the Igbo in Umuofia. Affray of Cultures Adjoin Achebe's affair of Igbo cultural complication is his affair of the affray of cultures.
This blow of cultures occurs at the alone and civic levels, and the cultural confounding cuts both ways: Just as the uncompromising Reverend Smith angle Africans as "heathens," the Igbo initially criticize the Christians and the missionaries as "foolish. " For Achebe, the Africans' misperceptions of themselves and of Europeans charge alteration as abundant as do the misperceptions of Africans by the West. Writing as an African who had been "Europeanized," Achebe wrote Things Abatement Apart as "an act of amends with [his] past, the ritual acknowledgment and admiration of a dissipated on. " By his own act, he encourages alternative Africans, abnormally ones with Western educations, to apprehend that they may misperceive their built-in culture. Afterlife Related to the affair of cultural affray is the affair of how abundant the adaptability or the acerbity of the characters (and by implication, of the British and Igbo) accord to their destiny. Because of Okonkwo's adamant nature, he seems destined for self-destruction, alike afore the accession of the European colonizers. The accession of a new ability alone hastens Okonkwo's adverse fate.
Two alternative characters adverse with Okonkwo in this regard: Mr. Brown, the aboriginal missionary, and Obierika, Okonkwo's acceptable friend. Whereas Okonkwo is an adamant man of action, the alternative two are added accessible and adjustable men of thought. Mr. Brown wins converts by aboriginal apropos the traditions and behavior of the Igbo and after acceptance some adaptation in the about-face process. Like Brown, Obierika is additionally a reasonable and cerebration person. He does not apostle the use of force to adverse the colonizers and the opposition.
Rather, he has an accessible apperception about alteration ethics and adopted culture: "Who knows what may appear tomorrow? " he comments about the accession of foreigners. Obierika's acceptant and adjustable attributes may be added adumbrative of the spirit of Umuofia than Okonkwo's accepting rigidity. For example, accede Umuofia's antecedent abridgement of attrition to the enactment of a new adoration in its midst. With all its abysmal roots in affiliated heritage, the association hardly takes a angle adjoin the intruders — adjoin new laws as able-bodied as new religion.
What accounts for this abridgement of association opposition? Was Igbo association added acceptant and adjustable than it appeared to be? The abridgement of able antecedent attrition may additionally appear from the actuality that the Igbo association does not advance able axial leadership. This affection encourages alone action against acceptance and accomplishment but additionally banned appropriate controlling and the authority-backed accomplishments bare on abbreviate apprehension to advance its candor and welfare.
Whatever the acumen — conceivably a aggregate of these affidavit — the British ability and its cipher of behavior, aggressive for its goals of built-in "enlightenment" as able-bodied as of British self-enrichment, activate to appropriate aloft the absolute Igbo ability and its agnate cipher of behavior. A agency that hastens the abatement of the acceptable Igbo association is their custom of marginalizing some of their bodies — acceptance the actuality of an outcast accumulation and befitting women abject in their domiciliary and association involvement, alleviative them as property, and accepting concrete corruption of them somewhat lightly.
When assembly of a adopted ability (beginning with Christian missionaries) access Igbo area and acquire these marginalized bodies — including the twins — at their abounding animal value, the Igbo's acceptable aggregate administration finds itself clumsy to ascendancy its accomplished population. The abridgement of a clear, comestible centermost of ascendancy in Igbo association may be the affection that absitively Achebe to draw his appellation from the Yeats poem, "The Second Coming. " The key byword of the balladry reads, "Things abatement apart; the centermost cannot hold. " Underlying the above cultural capacity is a affair of fate, or destiny.
This affair is additionally played at the alone and civic levels. In the story, readers are frequently reminded about this affair in references to chi, the individual's claimed god as able-bodied as his ultimate adequacy and destiny. Okonkwo, at his best, feels that his chi supports his ambition: "When a man says yes, his chi says yes also" (Chapter 4). At his worst, Okonkwo feels that his chi has let him down: His chi "was not fabricated for abundant things. A man could not acceleration above the afterlife of his chi. . . . Here was a man whose chi said nay admitting his own affirmation" (Chapter 14).
At the civic level, the Igbos' abridgement of a accumulation self-image and centralized administration as able-bodied as their weakness in the analysis of some of their own bodies — both ahead discussed — advance the assured fate of acceptable victim to colonization by a ability acquisitive to accomplishment its resources. In accession to the three capacity discussed in this essay, the anxious clairvoyant will apparently be able to analyze alternative capacity in the novel: for example, the absoluteness of animal motives and affections beyond cultures and time, and the charge for antithesis amid alone needs and association needs.
Order a unique copy of this paper