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Charles Lamb From Wikipedia, the chargeless album Jump to: navigation, chase For alternative uses, see Charles Lamb (disambiguation). Charles Lamb| | Born| 10 February 1775 Inner Temple, London, England| Died| 27 December 1834 (aged 59) Edmonton, London, England| Cause of death| Erysipelas| Known for| Essays of Elia Tales from Shakespeare| Relatives| Mary Lamb (sister), John Lamb (brother)| Charles Lamb (10 February 1775 – 27 December 1834) was an English essayist, best accepted for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced with his sister, Mary Lamb (1764–1847). Lamb has been referred to by E. V. Lucas, his arch biographer, as "the best adorable amount in English literature". [1] Contents * 1 Adolescence and ancestry * 2 Ancestors tragedy * 3 Assignment * 4 Legacy * 5 Quotations * 6 Selected works * 7 Biographical references * 8 References * 9 External links| Adolescence and ancestry Account applique of Lamb sculpted by George Frampton Lamb was built-in in London, the son of Elizabeth Field and John Lamb. Lamb was the youngest child, with an 11 year earlier sister Mary, an alike earlier brother John, and 4 alternative ancestors who did not survive their infancy. John Lamb (father), who was a lawyer's clerk, spent best of his able activity as the abettor and assistant to a advocate by the name of Samuel Salt who lived in the Inner Temple in London. It was there in the Inner Temple in Crown Appointment Row that Charles Lamb was built-in and spent his youth. Lamb created a account of his ancestor in his "Elia on the Old Benchers" beneath the name Lovel. Lamb's earlier brother was too abundant his chief to be a animate accompaniment to the boy but his sister Mary, actuality built-in eleven years afore him, was apparently his abutting playmate. Lamb was additionally cared for by his benevolent aunt Hetty, who seems to accept had a accurate affection for him. A cardinal of writings by both Charles and Mary advance that the battle amid Aunt Hetty and her sister-in-law created a assertive amount of astriction in the Lamb household. However, Charles speaks affectionately of her and her attendance in the abode seems to accept brought a abundant accord of abundance to him. Some of Lamb's fondest adolescence memories were of time spent with Mrs. Field, his affectionate grandmother, who was for abounding years a assistant to the Plummer family, who endemic a ample country abode alleged Blakesware, abreast Widford, Hertfordshire. Afterwards the afterlife of Mrs. Plummer, Lamb's grandmother was in sole allegation of the ample home and, as Mr. Plummer was generally absent, Charles had chargeless rein of the abode during his visits. A account of these visits can be glimpsed in the Elia article Blakesmoor in H—shire. "Why, every axle and console of that abode for me had abracadabra in it. The tapestried bed-rooms – carpeting so abundant bigger than painting – not adorning merely, but clearing the wainscots – at which adolescence anytime and afresh would abduct a look, animate its coverlid (replaced as quickly) to exercise its breakable adventuresomeness in a cursory eye-encounter with those ascetic ablaze visages, staring accordingly – all Ovid on the walls, in colours vivider than his descriptions. "[2] Little is accepted about Charles's activity afore the age of seven. We apperceive that Mary accomplished him to apprehend at a actual aboriginal age and he apprehend voraciously. It is believed that he suffered from smallpox during his aboriginal years which affected him into a connected aeon of convalescence. Afterwards this aeon of accretion Lamb began to booty acquaint from Mrs. Reynolds, a woman who lived in the Temple and is believed to accept been the above wife of a lawyer. Mrs. Reynolds charge accept been a affectionate abecedary because Lamb maintained a accord with her throughout his activity and she is accepted to accept abounding banquet parties captivated by Mary and Charles in the 1820s. E. V. Lucas suggests that ancient in 1781 Charles larboard Mrs. Reynolds and began to abstraction at the Academy of William Bird. [3] His time with William Bird did not aftermost long, however, because by October 1782 Lamb was enrolled in Christ's Hospital, a alms boarding academy accountant by King Edward VI in 1552. Christ's Hospital was a acceptable English boarding school; austere and abounding of violence. The headmaster, Mr. Boyer, has become acclaimed for his teaching in Latin and Greek, but additionally for his brutality. A absolute almanac of Christ's Hospital in Several essays by Lamb as able-bodied as the Autobiography of Leigh Hunt and the Biographia Literaria of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with whom Charles developed a accord that would aftermost for their absolute lives. Despite the atrocity Lamb got forth able-bodied at Christ's Hospital, due in part, perhaps, to the actuality that his home was not far abroad appropriately enabling him, clashing abounding alternative boys, to acknowledgment generally to the assurance of home. Years later, in his article "Christ’s Hospital Five and Thirty Years Ago," Lamb declared these events, speaking of himself in the third actuality as "L. " “| “I bethink L. t school; and can able-bodied arouse that he had some appropriate advantages, which I and alternative of his schoolfellows had not. His accompany lived in town, and were abreast at hand; and he had the advantage of activity to see them, about as generally as he wished, through some abominable distinction, which was denied to us. ”[4]| ”| Account of Charles Lamb by William Hazlitt, 1804 Christ's Hospital was a archetypal English boarding academy and abounding acceptance afterwards wrote of the abhorrent abandon they suffered there. The high adept of the academy from 1778 to 1799 was Reverend James Boyer, a man acclaimed for his arbitrary and arbitrary temper. In one acclaimed adventure Boyer was said to accept agape one of Leigh Hunt's teeth out by throwing a archetype of Homer at him from beyond the room. Lamb seemed to accept able abundant of this brutality, in allotment because of his affable personality and in allotment because Samuel Salt, his father's employer and Lamb's sponsor at the academy was one of the institute's Governors. Charles Lamb suffered from a dribble and this "an inconquerable impediment" in his accent beggared him of Grecian cachet at Christ's Hospital and appropriately disqualifying him for a accounting career. While Coleridge and alternative bookish boys were able to go on to Cambridge, Lamb larboard academy at fourteen and was affected to acquisition a added actual career. For a abbreviate time he formed in the appointment of Joseph Paice, a London merchant and then, for 23 weeks, until 8 February 1792, captivated a baby column in the Examiner's Appointment of the South Sea House. Its consecutive atrophy in a pyramid arrangement afterwards Lamb larboard would be assorted to the company's abundance in the aboriginal Elia essay. On 5 April 1792 he went to assignment in the Accountant's Appointment for British East India Company, the afterlife of his father's employer accepting broke the family's fortunes. Charles would abide to assignment there for 25 years, until his retirement with pension. In 1792 while disposed to his grandmother, Mary Field, in Hertfordshire, Charles Lamb fell in adulation with a adolescent woman alleged Ann Simmons. Although no epistolary almanac exists of the accord amid the two, Lamb seems to accept spent years admiring Miss Simmons. The almanac of the adulation exists in several accounts of Lamb's writing. Rosamund Gray is a adventure of a adolescent man alleged Allen Clare who loves Rosamund Gray but their accord comes to annihilation because of the abrupt afterlife of Miss Gray. Miss Simmons additionally appears in several Elia essays beneath the name "Alice M. " The essays "Dream Children," "New Year's Eve," and several others, allege of the abounding years that Lamb spent advancing his adulation that ultimately failed. Miss Simmons eventually went on to ally a silversmith by the name of Bartram and Lamb alleged the abortion of the activity his 'great disappointment. ' Ancestors tragedy Charles and his sister Mary both suffered periods of brainy illness. Charles spent six weeks in a psychiatric hospital during 1795. He was, however, already authoritative his name as a poet. On 22 September 1796, a abhorrent accident occurred: Mary, "worn bottomward to a accompaniment of astute afraid ache by absorption to adornment by day and to her mother at night," was bedeviled with astute aberration and stabbed her mother to the affection with a table knife. Although there was no acknowledged cachet of 'insanity' at the time, a board alternate a adjudication of 'Lunacy' and accordingly freed her from answerability of adamant murder. With the advice of accompany Lamb succeeded in accepting his sister's absolution from what would contrarily accept been constant imprisonment, on the action that he booty claimed albatross for her safekeeping. Lamb acclimated a ample allotment of his almost meagre assets to accumulate his admired sister in a clandestine 'madhouse' in Islington alleged Fisher House. The 1799 afterlife of John Lamb was article of a abatement to Charles because his ancestor had been mentally bedridden for a cardinal of years back adversity a stroke. The afterlife of his ancestor additionally meant that Mary could appear to animate afresh with him in Pentonville, and in 1800 they set up a aggregate home at Mitre Court Buildings in the Temple, area they lived until 1809. Monument to Charles Lamb at Watch Abode on Giltspur Street, London. Despite Lamb's bouts of abasement and alcoholism, both he and his sister enjoyed an animate and affluent amusing life. Their London abode became a affectionate of account salon for abounding of the best outstanding affected and arcane abstracts of the day. Charles Lamb, accepting been to academy with Samuel Coleridge, counted Coleridge as conceivably his closest, and absolutely his oldest, friend. On his deathbed, Coleridge had a aching arena beatific to Lamb and his sister. Fortuitously, Lamb's aboriginal advertisement was in 1796, back four sonnets by "Mr. Charles Lamb of the India House" appeared in Coleridge's Balladry on Assorted Subjects. In 1797 he contributed added bare ballad to the additional edition, and met the Wordsworths, William and Dorothy, on his abbreviate summer anniversary with Coleridge at Nether Stowey, thereby additionally arresting up a constant accord with William. In London, Lamb became accustomed with a accumulation of adolescent writers who favoured political reform, including Percy Bysshe Shelley, William Hazlitt, and Leigh Hunt. Lamb connected to agent for the East India Aggregation and angled as a biographer in assorted genres, his tragedy, John Woodvil, actuality appear in 1802. His farce, Mr H, was performed at Drury Lane in 1807, area it was about booed. In the aforementioned year, Tales from Shakespeare (Charles handled the tragedies; his sister Mary, the comedies) was published, and became a best agent for William Godwin's "Children's Library. " In 1819, at age 44, Lamb, who, because of ancestors commitments, had never married, fell in adulation with an actress, Fanny Kelly, of Covent Garden, and proposed marriage. She banned him, and he died a bachelor. His calm essays, beneath the appellation Essays of Elia, were appear in 1823 ("Elia" actuality the pen name Lamb acclimated as a contributor to the London Magazine). A added accumulating was appear ten years or so later, anon afore Lamb's death. He died of a streptococcal infection, erysipelas, apprenticed from a accessory abrade on his face abiding afterwards bottomward in the street, on 27 December 1834, aloof a few months afterwards Coleridge. He was 59. From 1833 till their deaths Charles and Mary lived at Bay Cottage, Church Street, Edmonton arctic of London (now allotment of the London Borough of Enfield. [5] Lamb is active in All Saints' Churchyard, Edmonton. His sister, who was ten years his senior, survived him for added than a dozen years. She is active beside him. Assignment Lamb's aboriginal advertisement was the admittance of four sonnets in the Coleridge's Balladry on Assorted Subjects appear in 1796 by Joseph Cottle. The sonnets were decidedly afflicted by the balladry of Burns and the sonnets of William Bowles, a abundantly abandoned artist of the backward 18th century. His balladry garnered little absorption and are hardly apprehend today. Lamb's contributions to the additional copy of the Balladry showed cogent advance as a poet. These balladry included The Tomb of Douglas and A Vision of Repentance. Because of a acting fall-out with Coleridge, Lamb's balladry were to be afar in the third copy of the Poems. As it angry out, a third copy never emerged. Instead, Coleridge's abutting advertisement was the monumentally affecting Lyrical Ballads co-published with Wordsworth. Lamb, on the alternative hand, appear a book advantaged Bare Ballad with Charles Lloyd, the mentally ambiguous son of the architect of Lloyd's Bank. Lamb's best acclaimed composition was accounting at this time advantaged The Old Accustomed Faces. Like best of Lamb's balladry it is decidedly affected but it is still remembered and broadly read, generally included in Anapestic Collections. Of accurate absorption to Lambarians is the aperture ballad of the aboriginal adaptation of The Old Accustomed Faces which is anxious with Lamb's mother. It was a ballad that Lamb chose to abolish from the copy of his Calm Assignment appear in 1818. I had a mother, but she died, and larboard me, Died anon in a day of horrors - All, all are gone, the old accustomed faces. From a adequately adolescent age Lamb adapted to be a artist but never acquired the success that he had hoped. Lamb lived beneath the anapestic adumbration of his acquaintance Coleridge. In the final years of the 18th aeon Lamb began to assignment on book with the novella advantaged Rosamund Gray, a adventure of a adolescent babe who was anticipation to be aggressive by Ann Simmonds, with whom Charles Lamb was anticipation to be in love. Although the adventure is not decidedly acknowledged as a anecdotal because of Lamb's poor faculty of plot, it was able-bodied anticipation of by Lamb's aeon and led Shelley to beam “what a admirable affair is Rosamund Gray! How abundant ability of the sweetest allotment of our attributes in it! " (Quoted in Barnett, folio 50) Charles and Mary Lamb's grave Lamb's cottage, Edmonton, London In the aboriginal years of the 19th aeon Lamb began his abounding arcane cooperation with his sister Mary. Together they wrote at atomic three books for William Godwin’s Juvenile Library. The best acknowledged of these was of advance Tales From Shakespeare which ran through two editions for Godwin and has now been appear dozens of times in endless editions, abounding of them illustrated. Lamb additionally contributed a comment to Shakespearean studies at this time with his article "On the Tragedies of Shakespeare," in which he argues that Shakespeare should be apprehend rather than performed in adjustment to accretion the able aftereffect of his affecting genius. Beside accidental to Shakespeare studies with his book Tales From Shakespeare, Lamb additionally contributed to the popularization of Shakespeare's aeon with his book Specimens of the English Affecting Poets Who Lived About the Time of Shakespeare. Although he did not address his aboriginal Elia article until 1820, Lamb’s bit-by-bit accomplishment of the article anatomy for which he eventually became acclaimed began as aboriginal 1802 in a alternation of accessible belletrist to Leigh Hunt’s Reflector. The best acclaimed of these is alleged "The Londoner" in which Lamb abundantly derides the abreast allure with attributes and the countryside. Legacy Anne Fadiman addendum regretfully that Lamb is not broadly apprehend in avant-garde times: "I do not accept why so few alternative readers are clamoring for his company... [he] is kept animate abundantly through the aerial resuscitations of university English departments. "[6] Lamb was honoured by The Latymer School, a grammar academy in Edmonton, a suburb of London area he lived for a time; it has six houses, one of which, "Lamb", is alleged afterwards Charles. [7] Quotations * "Lawyers, I suppose, were accouchement once. " — appearance in the beginning of To Kill a Mockingbird. * "Man is a gaming animal. He charge consistently be aggravating to get the bigger in article or other. — appearance in the Essays of Elia, 1823. Selected works * Bare Verse, poetry, 1798 * A Tale of Rosamund Gray, and old dark Margaret, 1798 * John Woodvil, anapestic drama, 1802 * Tales from Shakespeare, 1807 * The Adventures of Ulysses, 1808 * Specimens of English Affecting poets who lived about the time of Shakespeare, 1808 * On the Tragedies of Shakespeare, 1811 * Witches and Alternative Night Fears, 1821 * The Pawnbroker's Daughter, 1825 * Eliana, 1867 * Essays of Elia, 1823 * The Aftermost Essays of Elia, 1833 Biographical references * Activity of Charles Lamb by E. V. Lucas, G. P. Putman & Sons, London, 1905. * Charles Lamb and the Lloyds by E. V. Lucas Smith, Elder & Company, London, 1898. * Charles Lamb and His Contemporaries, by Edmund Blunden, Cambridge University Press, 1933. * Accompaniment to Charles Lamb, by Claude Prance, Mansell Publishing, London, 1938. * Charles Lamb; A Memoir, by Barry Cornwall aka Bryan Procter, Edward Moxon, London, 1866. * Adolescent Charles Lamb, by Winifred Courtney, New York University Press, 1982. * Account of Charles Lamb, by David Cecil, Constable, London, 1983. * Charles Lamb, by George Barnett, Twayne Publishers, Boston, 1976. * A Double Life: A Biography of Charles and Mary Lamb by Sarah Burton, Viking, 1993. The Lambs: Their Lives, Their Friends, and Their Correspondence by William Carew Hazlitt, C. Scribner's Sons, 1897. References 1. ^ Lucas, Edward Verrall; Lamb, John (1905). The activity of Charles Lamb. 1. London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. xvii. OCLC 361094. 2. ^ Aftermost Essays of Elia folio 7 3. ^ Lucas, Activity of Lamb folio 41 4. ^ The Essays of Elia folio 23 5. ^ Arcane Enfield Retrieved 04 June 2008 6. ^ Fadiman, Anne. "The Unfuzzy Lamb". At Ample and At Small: Accustomed Essays. pp. 26–27. 7. ^ Lamb, Charles "Best Belletrist of Charles Lamb. " Best Belletrist of Charles Lamb (2006): 1. Arcane Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 1 Nov. 2009.

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