Informative Essay on Gas Crisis in Bangladesh
Natural gas in Bangladesh From Wikipedia, the chargeless album This commodity has assorted issues. Please advice advance it or altercate these issues on the allocution page. This commodity includes a account of references, accompanying account or alien links, but its sources abide cryptic because it lacks inline citations. (April 2012) This commodity is accounting like a claimed absorption or commodity rather than an all-embracing description of the subject. (April 2012) This commodity may charge to be wikified to accommodated Wikipedia's affection standards. April 2012) The attendance of Accustomed Gas in Bangladesh has been accustomed through analysis by Bangladesh’s accessible action company, Petrobangla, and added afresh all-embracing oil and gas companies (IOCs) accept accustomed the actuality of a cogent action source. Contents [hide] •1 Estimated affluence •2 The calm accustomed gas industry •3 References •4 Alien links Estimated affluence In contempo years, several abundance cubic anxiety (TCF) of accustomed gas accept been added to the accepted 10. 5 TCF accepted as of 1996.
Due to the actuality that there has been analogously little analysis to date, estimates of the absolute extractable accustomed gas ability in Bangladesh are ambiguous and alter widely. An appraisal of 20 TCF is accepting accepting amid experts, but some altercate that adventures in commensurable basins abroad in the apple advance that the ultimate recoverable ability could be as aerial as 50 TCF or alike 100 TCF. At the accepted amount of accustomed gas use in Bangladesh (1000 mmcfd), the accepted estimated accurate affluence would aftermost 45 years.
Even if the present amount of use increases at 10 per cent per year, these affluence would aftermost about 17 years. A reserve-production Reserves-to-production arrangement of 17 is college than that for best automated countries heavily abased on accustomed gas, examples beingNorway, Canada, U. S. , and U. K. Here alone the R/P arrangement of gas is actuality advised for comparison. Relative to Bangladesh, these automated countries accept added assorted aboriginal action sources such as coal, oil and nuclear. The U. S. still uses atramentous to aftermath added than bisected its electricity.
There are huge assets of gas in Bangladesh. Places breadth gas is commercially refines include: Titas, Habiganj, Bakhrabad, Narshingdi, Meghna, Sylhet, Kailashtilla, Rashidpur, Beanibazar,Fenchuganj and Salda Nadi. In 2001, Petrobangla Director Above Raihanul Abedin accomplished the civic plan to abatement the use of application aqueous fuels, by introducing accustomed gas conversion. He anticipation if cars could be adapted to use affable gas instead of rather adverse fuels, the carbon discharge would abatement exponentially. He was accustomed the permission by the Prime Minister Khaleda Zia to backpack out his plans. 1] As a result, Asian Development Coffer adjourned his arrangement and today added than 80% of Bangladeshi cartage are run on gas which has lessened abuse significantly.  The calm accustomed gas industry Petrobangla (Bangladesh Oil, Gas and Mineral Corporation), a 100 per cent accompaniment endemic corporation, has the primary albatross for the accustomed gas industry in Bangladesh. Petrobangla is beneath the administration of the Ministry of Action and Mineral Resources; it comprises several groups of companies: ? An analysis aggregation – Bangladesh Petroleum Analysis Aggregation ?
Production companies – Bangladesh Gas Fields Aggregation and Sylhet Gas Fields Aggregation ? Transmission and administration companies; ?Titas Gas Transmission and Administration Aggregation ?Bakhrabad Gas System ?Jalalabad Gas Transmission and Administration System ?Western Zone Gas Accumulation Co. (Poschim Anchal Gas Bitaran Company, WESGAS, a new aggregation for administration of gas in the western allotment of Bangladesh) ? A aeroembolism accustomed gas aggregation – Rupantarita Prakritik Gas Aggregation Leading Clandestine Companies Involved in Accustomed Gas Industry ?Libra Enterprise (www. libraenterprise. om) ?Gasmin Limited ?Foundry Limited References 1. ^ [M. Raihanul Abedin. Use of CNG as an Accession Ammunition for Transport-Air Abuse Ascendancy Perspective (2001) p. 49-54, All-embracing Seminar on Air Abuse in Dhaka City, October 30, 2001; France Bangladesh Association of Scholars and Trainees (FBAST). 2. ^ Dhaka Clean Ammunition Project: Bangladesh at Asian Development Coffer 3. ^ Lisa Schroeder (March 25, 2009). "Compressed accustomed gas clears the air in Bangladesh: Cleaner-burning ammunition is abbreviation alarming levels of abuse – and extenuative money, too. ".
The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2012-06-12. ?"Natural Assets of Bangladesh". Retrieved May 17, 2012. ?"Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology". Retrieved May 17, 2012. ?"Natural Gas Options for Bangladesh". Retrieved May 17, 2012. ?"Natural gas assets estimates alter broadly for Bangladesh". Retrieved May 17, 2012. Description Bangladesh has some oil affluence abreast Haripur in the eastern arresting commune of Sylhet, but these accept yet to be developed. The Haripur affluence are estimated at 40 Mbbl, and the absolute ability is acceptable to be abundant higher..
The chase of oil and gas in the breadth basic Bangladesh began in the after allotment of the 19th aeon through some deserted geological mapping. The aboriginal austere attack to acquisition oil and gas was undertaken in Sitakund in 1908 by the Indian Petroleum Prospecting Company. During 1923-31 Burmah Oil Aggregation (BOC) accomplished two coffer wells in Patharia. The wells were deserted admitting there was a appear accident of oil. A absolute of 6 basic wells were drilled, the centermost actuality 1047 meters. There was about no analysis and the Second Apple War disrupted added activity.
After the liberation of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Oil, Gas and Mineral Association (Petrobangla) was formed, while the Bangladesh Petroleum Act was allowable in 1974. The adopted breadth of Bangladesh was disconnected in to 6 blocks, which were taken up by Ashland, ARCO, BODC (Japex), Union Oil, Canadian Superior Oil and Ina Naftaplin beneath assembly administration contract. These companies 7 adopted wells resulted in the analysis of Kutubdia adopted gas field. According to the 2008 BP Statistical Action Survey, Bangladesh had 2007 accepted accustomed gas affluence of 0. 39 abundance cubic metres, 0. 1% of the apple total, and 2007 accustomed gas assembly of 16. 27 billion cubic metres, 0. 55% of the apple total. The 1980s saw accelerated analysis activities by Petrobangla, which accomplished 12 analysis wells and apparent 7 gas fields. Amid these the Fenchuganj able-bodied charcoal the centermost accomplished able-bodied in Bangladesh (4977m). Meanwhile a new anniversary was accomplished back Petrobangla apparent the aboriginal bartering oil basin in Sylhet on December 23, 1986. Since 1972 added than 32 basic wells accept been accomplished by the civic and all-embracing companies which resulted in the analysis of 13 gas fields.
Since the aboriginal analysis able-bodied was accomplished in 1908 a absolute of 128 wells were accomplished in Bangladesh until 2001, of which 63 are analysis wells. Of the analysis wells, 13 are in the adopted consistent in two discoveries and the blow 52 are on coffer with 20 discoveries. In 1993, afterward the accumulation of a new Civic Action policy, the government of Bangladesh disconnected its breadth and adopted sites into 23 blocks and opened them to adopted behest for oil and gas exploration. Eight blocks were awarded to four companies during the Aboriginal Behest Round in 1993, and four added blocks were awarded in the 1997 Second Behest Round.
Energy and Mineral Assets Division (EMRD) Action is the key additive for socio-economic development of a country. Economic Development depends on reliable action supply. To admission ability of the Ministry of Power, Action and Mineral Resources, it was disconnected into two divisions, vide Cabinet Division Notification No. CD-4/1/94-Rules/23(100), anachronous 25 March 1998, namely Action and Mineral Assets Division (EMRD) and Ability Division. Action and Mineral Assets Division is entrusted to codify all behavior accompanying to accustomed gas, aqueous petroleum and mineral resources.
EMRD is additionally entrusted to codify behavior and authoritative ascendancy over Geological Survey of Bangladesh, Petrobangla, Bureau of Mineral Development and Department of Explosives. EMRD additionally supervises and monitors over Hydrocarbon Unit and Bangladesh Petroleum Institute. To accomplish Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to allay abjection in band with eyes 2021, Bangladesh has to accommodated accretion action demand. In adjustment to ensure action security, the primary action antecedent of the country abnormally gas, atramentous and accession mineral assets accept been taken into consideration.
Along with gas cogent abundance of condensate is recovered. Oil was apparent in three locations but the abundance is not significant. The Division and its accessory organizations/directorates/companies accept been arena basic role to accomplish the ambition of Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s). To accommodated action appeal at adapted level, action has been taken to admission gas accumulation and its optimum utilization. The appeal of alien oil is additionally increasing. Allotment of it is met by condensate (by artefact of gas). Contempo gas crisis led to the action makers to acceptation LNG aural a abbreviate aeon of time.
Realistic behavior for development of atramentous fields in arctic allotment of the country are beneath action for civic interest. As a allotment of government's plan to aggrandize gas accumulation network, a new administration outlet, titled, Sundarban Gas Aggregation Limited has been formed for the south-western arena of the country. For able business of gas in Chittagong region, Karnafully Gas Aggregation Limited has been created and it has started administration of gas. System accident in gas distribution, a above problem, has been tackled with notable success through administration and monitoring.
Initiative has additionally been taken to body up bounded action aegis based on alternate co-operation with the adjoining countries beneath SAARC umbrella. Accustomed Gas In Bangladesh, accustomed gas is best important aboriginal antecedent of action that accounts for 75% of the bartering action of the country. So far in Bangladesh 23 gas fields accept been apparent with the amount of success arrangement is 3. 1:1 of which two of the gas fields are amid in adopted area. Gas is produced from 17 gas fields (79 gas wells). Oil was activated in two of the gas fields (Sylhet and Kailashtila).
To abate the annex on accustomed gas, accession action ability charge be explored. Average circadian gas assembly accommodation is about 2000 mmcfd of which All-embracing Oil Companies (IOC) aftermath 1040 mmcfd and Accompaniment Endemic Companies (SOC) aftermath 960 mmcfd. The gas assembly recorded on 24 February, 2010 was 1996. 7 MMCFD. At present the circadian almost projected gas appeal throughout the country is 2500 MMCFD. The appeal is accretion day by day. Action and Mineral Assets Division (EMRD) has already undertaken an arrangement of short, medium, fast clue and continued appellation affairs to admission gas assembly to affected prevailing gas shortage.
According to this plan 188 mmcfd, 290 mmcfd, 995 mmcfd (including 500 mmcfd LNG), 500 mmcfd and 380 mmcfd gas will be added to the civic gas filigree by the year 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 respectively. After accomplishment of these affairs assembly accommodation is accepted to admission to about 2353 mmcfd gas by December 2015. To admission the gas assembly added programs will be taken in abreast future. Petroleum Artefact To accommodated absolute appeal of bartering energy, Bangladesh imports annually about 1. 3 actor metric Bags of awkward oil. In accession to this, accession 2. actor metric Bags (approx) of aesthetic petroleum articles per annum is imported. Condensate is alloyed with awkward oil. Above customer of aqueous ammunition is carriage breadth followed by agriculture, industry and bartering breadth which is mostly met by alien aqueous fuel. Eastern Refinery Limited (ERL), a accessory aggregation of Bangladesh Petroleum Association (BPC), is able of processing 1. 3 actor metric Bags of awkward oil per year. Aeroembolism Accustomed Gas (CNG) To abate the annex on alien ammunition significantly, to abate ambiance abuse and to save adopted currency, the use of CNG cartage was alien in 1997.
Number of CNG refueling Station is 565 and 162 about-face workshops accept already been accoutrement in the country. Absolute cardinal of CNG adapted cartage is 150249. In accession to that 42549 CNG cartage was imported. Absolute cardinal of CNG cartage is 192798 as of May, 2010. Average CNG acceptance (approx. ) is 102 MMCF per day. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) The breadth breadth admission to gas activity is difficult and big-ticket but there is a appeal of gas; in this case gas in the anatomy of LPG can be used. To abate the annex on alien oil and appropriately to save adopted currency, the use of LPG has to be popularized.
Currently the accumulation of LPG of the country is 95,500 Metric Ton of which assembly in Accessible Breadth is 22,500 Metric Ton while Assembly in Clandestine Breadth is 73,000 Metric Ton. The Possible appeal of LPG in the country is 2,00,000 M. Ton. To popularize the use of LPG the present government has bargain tax amount on some accessories such as Pressure Regulator/Valve, Safety/ Relief valve and Submerged Adjustment Flux including bottling of LPG. Liquefied Accustomed Gas (LNG) To abate the annex on alien oil as able-bodied as aboriginal gas, acceptation of LNG is beneath alive consideration.
Under mid appellation plan, LNG will be alien to accumulation at the amount of 500 mmcfd by 2012. The armpit for architecture all-important basement for LNG has been located. Bangladesh has to set up all-important basement such as LNG Receiving Station, LNG Storage Tank, Re-gasification action and 90 km continued activity from Maheshkhali to Anwara in its own effort. A MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) to be active amid Bangladesh and Qatar, which is beneath process. Atramentous Besides accustomed gas, Bangladesh has cogent atramentous reserve. Atramentous affluence of about 3. billion bags absolute 5 deposits at base of 118-1158 meters accept been apparent so far in the north-western allotment of Bangladesh. The name of these deposits are-Barapukuria, Phulbari and Dighipara atramentous acreage in Dinajpur district, Khalashpir in Rangpur commune and Jamalganj in Joypurhat district. Out of which 4 deposits (118-509 meters) are extractable at present. As an accession ammunition to accustomed gas, atramentous can be abundantly used. The abyss of Jamalganj atramentous drop is 640-1158 beat with 1053 Actor Tones in-situ atramentous assets breadth assembly may not be applicative by present day’s technology due to the abyss of the deposits.
Possibilities of abstraction of Atramentous Bed Methane (CBM) charge to be explored from this atramentous deposits. Government is actively reviewing law to be applicative for Analysis and Assembly of Atramentous Bed Methane. So far, alone Barapukuria atramentous acreage is beneath production. Accession Mineral Assets accessible in Bangladesh Besides aboriginal action resources, Bangladesh has accession mineral resources. Assorted organizations beneath Action and Mineral Assets Division are affianced to analyze for mineral resources. In case of bartering discovery, adopted aggregation can administer for assembly license.
White Clay occurs in Sherpur, Netrokona, Dinajpur and Chittagong commune etc. White Clay is acclimated to accomplish crockery’s, germ-free materials, insulator and tiles . It is additionally acclimated in Paper,cement and amoroso industries. Bottle beach occurs in Sherpur, Habiganj, Comilla and Dinajpur commune etc. Bottle beach is acclimated to accomplish crockery’s, lenses, bottle breadth of windows and doors. It is additionally acclimated to accomplish quartz clock, anatomy of baiter and aero plane, cream bottle and in assorted cyberbanking equipments etc. Silicon chips are additionally fabricated from silica, which is a capital additive of glass.
Limestone occurs in Sunamgonj and Joypurhat commune and St. Martin’s Islands. Limestone is acclimated to accomplish adhesive and adhesive and in paper, Ispat, sugar, bottle industry. It is additionally acclimated to adorn the building. Ilmenite,Garnet,Zircon,Kyanite,Magnetite,Rutile,Leucoxine,Monazite,etc are begin in Cox’s Bazar and Teknaf Beach, Kuakata Beach , Moheshkhali, Nijhum dwip, Kutubdia and Monpura Island. Ilmenite, Rutile and Leucoxine are acclimated to accomplish charcoal and in adjustment and in melting of metal. They are acclimated as a dyeing accountable and Adverse Brick.
Ilmenite is acclimated to accomplish beach announcement and abundant mud as an accession to Barite in conduct activities. Titanium metal, which is acquired from this mineral, is acclimated to accomplish anatomy of aeroplane, missile, and in actinic acknowledgment and alkali abatement process. Zircon is acclimated to accomplish branch sand, Adverse brick and as a dyeing substance. Zirconium is acclimated as a radioactive substance. Monazite is acclimated to accomplish catalyst, television tube, adverse substance, thermal insulator actuality and in computer deejay and band printer.
Peat occurs in Gopalganj, Madaripur, Khulna, Sylhet and Sunamganj commune etc. It is acclimated as an accession ammunition to domiciliary work, in brick and adhesive industries and in thermal ability plant. Hard Rock occurs at Maddyapara in Dinajpur district. It is acclimated in regulator dam, river training, and river coffer erosion. It is additionally acclimated as architecture actual and as circuitous stone. Gravel Drop occurs in Lalmonirhat, Panchagar, Sylhet district, Greater Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts. It is acclimated to assemble buildings, road, railway, arch and in river training and flood control.
Renewable Action Sources in Bangladesh Renewable Action Sources may additionally be accessible in the accomplishment of the MDGs, as able-bodied as in arrest the challenges of action aegis abnormally for developing countries and all-around altitude changes. The renewable action sources accommodate biomass (combustible renewable and waste), hydropower, solar, wind, ocean, and geothermal energy. Biomass is currently the better renewable action antecedent due to its all-encompassing noncommercial use (mainly for affable and heating) in developing countries like Bangladesh.
The allotment of accession forms of renewable sources is minimal. Possibility of installing mini and micro akin hydro-electric ability bulb in the arresting areas of Bangladesh would be explored. Windmills are with accommodation of 2 MW in operation in the costal breadth of Bangladesh. Biogas Biogas may be the best able renewable action resource. Presently there are about 50,000 households and village-level biogas plants in abode throughout the country. There is a huge abeyant for amplification in rural areas. Solar Action Abeyant of solar action is acceptable in Bangladesh.
But due to its college amount of accessories it has to go a continued way to become commercially viable. However, in alien areas of Bangladesh it is gradually acceptable accepted and government has undertaken lot of arrangement to angel on it. Presently there are about 2, 64,000 solar panels installed throughout the country. Bio-diesel Bio-diesel may additionally be one of the able sources of energy. Admitting Bangladesh is a densely busy country with 150 actor bodies aloof in 147,570 Sq. Km areas, except the arresting areas, best of the areas are covered with abundant acreage that bearing aerial acquiescent crop.
Diesel from Jatropha bulb may be a antecedent of renewable action in our country. Jatropha copse can be buried in both the abandon of abuse way advance & aerial ways, littoral acreage & costal belt of the country. These Jatropha bulb can additionally be acclimated for littoral protection. Gasohol Gasohol is actuality attenuated with octane/petrol in abounding countries. Project in clandestine breadth is actuality undertaken to aftermath Gasohol from molasses acclimated to be attenuated with octane/petrol. The molasses is a by-product of amoroso industries.
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