Information technology for a company’s business processes and decision making

Q1:->How can advice technology abutment a company’s business processes and accommodation making, and accord it a aggressive advantage?Give examples to allegorize your answer

Ans.1

Advice technology Abutment a Company’s Business Processes And Dicision Authoritative An d Its Cometitive Aadvantage Is:-

Support Business Process:-As a Consumer ,You Regularly Enconter Advice Systems That Abutment The Business Processes And Operation At The Many Retail Sstores Where YOU shop.

For Example:- Most Retali Stores now use computer -bassed Advice Systems To Help Them Record Coustmer Purchhases,Keep Track Of Inventory ,Pay Employes But New MeRchandise,And Evaluaate sales Trends ,Store operations Would Grind To aA Halt Without The Abutment Of Such Advice systems.

Support dicision making:-Information arrangement additionally Help Stores Managers And Alternative Business Professionals achieve Better Desions.

For example:-Decisions on What Lines Of MerchandiseNeed To Be Added Or discontinued or On what Kind Of Investing they Require,Are Typically fabricated afterwards an assay Provided By Computer -Based Advice systems.this Not Only supports The Decisions Authoritative Of Stores Managers,Buyers And Others But additionally Helps Them attending For means to Gain An Advantage Over Alternative Retailers In The Competition For Customers.

Support Aggressive advantage:-Gaining a Strategic Advantage Over Competitiors Requires Innovative Of Advice Technologies.

For Example:- Store Administration ability Achieve a Accommodation To Instaall Touch Screne Kiosks In All Stores, With Links To Their E-commerce WebsiteFor Online Shopping .This Ability Attract New coustmer And Build Coustemers Localty Because Of The Ease Of Shopping And Buying Merchandise Provide Articles And Casework That Accord a Business a Comparative Advantage Over Its Competitors.

Q2:->Identify several basal aggressive strategies and explain how they can use advice technologies to comfront the aggressive armament faced by a business.

Ans.2

There Are Five Basics aggressive Strategies

1.Cost Leadership Strategy.

2.Differentition Strategy.

3.Innovation Strategy.

4.Growth strategies.

5. Accord strategies.

1.Cost Leadership Strategy:-A Low-cost ProDucer Of Articles and Casework In The Industry, Or Finding Means To Help Its Suppliers OR Customers Reducee Thier Costs Or To access The Costs Of their Competitors.

2 .Differention Strategy:- Developing Means to Differentiate a fiems Articles And account s from Its Competitiors Or Reduce The adverse Advantages of Competitiors. This May Be A Firm To Focus Its articles Or casework To Accord It an Advantage In Accurate Segments Or Niches Of a Market.

3.Innovation Strategy:- acquisition The New Way Of Doing Buiseness.This May Involve The Development Of Unique Articles And Account Or Entry Into UniqueMarkets Or Markket niches.It May Additionally Involve Authoritative Radial Changes To The Business Processes For Producing Or Distributing Articles And Casework That Are So Different From The Way a Business Has Been Conducted That They Allow The Fundamental anatomy Or An Industry.

4.Growth Strategy:- Significantly Expanding A aggregation Capacity To Produce Goods and Servieces Expanding Into Global markets, Diversifing Into New Articles And services,or Integrating Into Related Articles And Services.

5.Alliance Strategies;- Establish New Business Linkage And accord With Coustemers, Suppliers,Competitiors,joint Ventures,forming Of “virtual companies” or Alternative Marketing Manufacture Or DisTriBution agreements Between a Business And It Trading Pateners.

Q3:-> Identify the above types and uses of micro-computer, midrange and mainframe computer systems ?

Ans3.

The Above Types And Uses Of Micro-Computer, Midrange And AminFrame computer SystemsAre:-

1.Micro-computer:-It Is Most Important Categoty Of The Computer Systems For Business People And Consumers. Through Usually Called a Personel Computer, Or a PC,A microcomputer IS Much More Than A Small Computers for Use By An Individuals computers .

2. Mid Range :-Midrange computers Are High-End Arrangement Srvers and Alternative Types Of Servers And Alternative Types Of servers That can Handle The Large-scale Procesing Of Many Business Applications Throught Not As Powerful As Mainframe Computers They Are Less Costly To buy Operate And Maintain Than mainframe systems,And Thus Accommodated The Computing Need OF Many Organizations.

3.Mainframe Systems:- IT IS The Large ,Fasr And Powerful Computers systems.

For Example:- Mainframes ccccccccan Process Thousands Of Million apprenticeship Per Sec Mainframes can Additionally Have Primary Accumulator Capacities.

Q4:->Outline the above technologies and uses o computer peripherals for ascribe , achievement and storage?

Ans4.

The Above Tecnologies And Uses AComputer For Ascribe Achievement And Accumulator Tecnologies is:-

Peripherals Is The Generric Name Given To All Ascribe Achievement And Secondary Accumulator accessories That Are The Part Of The Cpu Pheriperals Depend On Direct Connections Or Telecommunications Links To The Centerals Processing Unit Of a Computer Systems. All Pheriperials Are Online accessories That Is They Are Separate From But Can Be Electronically Connected To Attend By The Cpu.

1.Moniters

2.PRINTERS

3.Scanners

4.Hard deejay drives

5.CD And DVD Drives

6.Backup Systems.

Q5:-> What trends are occuring in the development and use of the above types of computer systems?

Ans.5

Software. Computer software consists of two above types of programs: (1) appliance software that directs the achievement of a accurate use, or application, of computers to accommodated the advice processing needs of users, and (2) arrangement software that controls and supports the operations of a computer arrangement as it performs assorted advice processing tasks. Refer to Figure 4.2 for an overview of the above types of software.

· Appliance Software. Appliance software includes a array of programs that can be absolute into general-purpose and application-specific categories. General-purpose appliance programs achieve accepted advice processing jobs for end users. Examples are chat processing, cyberbanking spreadsheet, and presentation cartoon programs. Application-specific programs achieve advice processing tasks that abutment specific business functions or processes, accurate or engineering applications, and alternative computer applications in society.

· Arrangement Software. Arrangement software can be subdivided into arrangement administration programs and arrangement development programs. Arrangement administration programs administer the hardware, software, network, and abstracts assets of a computer arrangement during its beheading of advice processing jobs. Examples of arrangement administration programs are operating systems, arrangement administration programs, database administration systems, arrangement utilities, appliance servers, and achievement and aegis monitors. Arrangement administration programs abutment and administer telecommunications activities and arrangement achievement telecommunications networks

Q6:-> Explain the afterward terms:

(a)DTP :-DTP Stands for Desktop Publishing And It Use to End Users And Organizations to Produce Thier Own Printed Materials That looks Professionally appear That Is architecture and Print Their Own Newsletter,Brochures,Manuals,And BooksWith Several Type Styles,Graphics,Photos And colors On Each Page.

(b)Presentation Graphics:-It Helps To Catechumen Numeric Abstracts Into Cartoon displays such as Line Charts ,Bar Graphs,pie Charts,And Many Alternative Types Of Graphics. Mostly Top Package Additionally Helps U Prepare Multimedia Presentations OF Graphics,Photos,Animation,And Vidio Chlips Includind To The World Wide Web

(c)Software licensing:-A S/w Applications Is Purchased COTS Or Is accessed Via An ASP,The Software Must Be Licenced for Use Software Licence Is Complex Topic Which Involve Considerations Of The Specials characteristics Of Software In The Context of The UnderLying Intellectual ProPerty Rights ,Including Copyright,Trademark And Secrets As able-bodied As Traditionls Contracts Law Including Contract LawIncluding the Unigorm Commercial code(UCC).

(d)RAID:-RAID Stands for Redundant Arrays Of Independent DisksThey Combines from 6 To More Then 100 Small Hard disks Drivers And Their Control MicroProcecessors Into A distinct Unit. RAID Units ProVide Large Capacities With High acess Speed Since Abstracts aRe Accessed In Parallel Over Multiple Paths From Many Disks.

(e) Appliance account providers:-It Is A Large And Fast Growing Number Of Companies Are Turning To Appliance account Providers Instead OF Developing OR Purchasing The Appliance Software They Need To Run Their Business Applications account Provides That Own Operate And Maintain ApplicationsSoftware And The Computer Arrangement ResourcesRequired To Offer The Use Of the applications Software For a Fee As a Sservice Over the Internet.

(f)Programming languages:-It Is A Measure Catagory Of Arrangement Software They Require The Use Of Varity Off PRograming Packages To Help Programmers Develop Computer Programs, And Language Translator Programs To catechumen Programming Language Instructions Into Machine codes. The Five Main Above Levels Of Programing Langauges Are Machine lAnguages Assembler Languages,High-Level Languages,Fourth Generation Languages,And Object-Oriented Languages Oriented Languages Like Java and XML Are Being Widely Used Web Based Business Applications And Services.

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