High School Education in India
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA- HIGH SCHOOL In India, aerial academy is a brand of apprenticeship which includes Standards VII to X. Standards XI to XII alleged as College Accessory Academy or Senior Accessory Academy or Junior college. Some states accredit to Standards IX and X as Aerial School, while XI and XII are termed as Intermediate. Other states accredit to VI, VII, VIII, IX and X (grades 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) as Accessory academy and XI and XII (grades 11 and 12) as Senior Accessory School. Usually, acceptance from ages 14 to 18 abstraction in this section.
These schools may be affiliated to civic boards like Central Board of Accessory Apprenticeship (CBSE), Indian Certificate of Accessory Apprenticeship (ICSE) or Civic Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or assorted accompaniment boards. There were alone 20 universities and 500 colleges in the Indian subcontinent (including Bangladesh and Pakistan) in 1947, the year of Indian independence. Now there are about 376 universities and 17,700 colleges in India only, abounding with apple chic concrete infrastructure. Abounding clandestine analysis institutes are additionally advancing up on a approved basis.
The alone Nobel award-winning for India (Indian aborigine at the time of the award) in science for C. V. Raman (1930, University of Calcutta) additionally came in that era. We additionally had abounding apple chic scientists during that time (e. g Satyen Bose, J. C. Bose, Homi Bhaba etc). Now India is the additional fastest growing in the apple and third bigger abridgement in Asia with huge account in alleged apprenticeship and research. But we do not accept any apple chic scientist (who has a aboriginal adventitious to get Nobel Award-winning in science) in India or away (as per a analysis appear in a accounted Bengali magazine, “Desh”, ancient ago).
We see huge uproar back antecedent government capital to “introduce accountability” in some aristocratic institutes like IIM or IITs but we never see a atom of that action amid accomplished average chic bodies or our political masters to ameliorate primary and accessory apprenticeship although our primary and accessory apprenticeship system, the courage of our country, is in a affecting shape. Our average chic people, who can not acquiesce to accelerate their kids away but dream to accept a better, added able and adequate activity for their kids do not acquiesce any allusive ameliorate of primary and accessory apprenticeship back independence.
Our accepted apprenticeship arrangement selectively discards accomplished acceptance with inquisitiveness, adeptness to ask questions and dream to do article challenging, article bigger for the society. Now we alone aftermath clandestine charge and apprenticeship enabled, mugging-up brand technicians who are abundant to do accepted jobs (as in IT or BT) or assuming others (mainly accurate for Indian R&D area in any annex of science and in any industry), but not able of accomplishing aboriginal research, admitting of accepting abounding apple chic concrete infrastructure, huge account and some alleged “elite” institutes.
My contempo acquaintance with abounding alum acceptance anatomy some aerial contour Indian institutes/universities announce that the trend to accent on database blazon knowledge, quiz blazon advice and allure with techniques (not science as such) are still awful prevalent. No admiration India is amid the atomic avant-garde nations in the world. Quality of Indian science apprenticeship and analysis is activity bottomward at an alarming amount back independence, admitting of huge access in allotment (1, 2, 3 and Balaram, P. (2002).
Science in India: Signs of Stagnation. Accepted Science 82, 193-194. ). We charge to advance abundant added and accept an accelerated and able administration of primary and aerial academy apprenticeship than abominably absorption on college apprenticeship and analysis at the top level, at this time. Recently anesthetized Appropriate to apprenticeship bill is a footfall appear the appropriate direction. But actuality afresh we charge to bethink that abounding such abundant behavior hardly accomplish annihilation in absoluteness and alone bound aural government files and the money ends up in the pockets of few called people.
Whatever money we absorb on college apprenticeship and analysis is not activity to accord us any atypical ability or abstruse bend unless we accept appropriate applicant abaft the cher machines we buy. Now we aftermath mainly technicians, not scientists or technocrats and feel appreciative to consign such raw abstracts to manpower-starved developed countries ( be it IT or BT, the two capital pillars of Indian abridgement today). This ability advance to some amount of abundance in the abbreviate appellation but we are activity to afar in a big way in the continued run unless we absolutely check our basal apprenticeship arrangement at primary and aerial academy level.
It’s abortive to cut the roots and again baptize on the top. S C H E M E S A N D P R O G R A M M E S The development of Accessory Apprenticeship area is additionally guided by the afterward Centrally Sponsored Schemes: 1. Integrated Apprenticeship for Disabled Accouchement 2. Advance of Science Apprenticeship in Schools 3. Promotion of Yoga in Schools 4. Strengthening Boarding and Hostel Facilities for Girls 5. Ecology acclimatization to Academy Education. 6. Civic Citizenry Apprenticeship Project. 7. Civic Awards for Teachers.
A abrupt description of anniversary of these Schemes is accustomed below. Vocationalisation of Accessory Apprenticeship A Central Institution of Abstruse Apprenticeship called "Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Institute of Abstruse Apprenticeship (PSSCIVE)" was set up at Bhopal in 1993 beneath the all-embracing awning of NCERT. The Institute acts as an acme akin analysis and development organisation in the acreage of abstruse apprenticeship and provides directs and bookish abutment to the programmes. Integrated Apprenticeship for Disabled Accouchement (IEDC)
Under the scheme, banking abetment is provided for apprenticeship of disabled accouchement which includes abetment appear books and stationery, uniforms, carriage allowance, readers allowance for dark children, escort allowance for acutely bedridden children, boarding and abode accuse for disabled accouchement residing in hostels, bacon of ability agents and helpers, ambience up and accouterment ability rooms, analysis and appraisal of disabled children, acquirement and assembly of advisory material, training and acclimatization of ability teachers, funds for authoritative modifications in academy barrio and bacon of an authoritative Cell at the Accompaniment akin to apparatus and adviser the programme. According to the aftermost analysis conducted by the NSSO in 1991, the citizenry of disabled accouchement was estimated at 16. 15 actor which is currently estimated to accept gone up to 20 million. Beneath the Bodies with Disabilities Act it has become binding for the Central/State/local governments to accommodate basal apprenticeship to accouchement with disabilities up to 18 years of age.
The Act additionally calls for a alternation of activities to advance the apprenticeship of such bodies and boilerplate them in accepted academy system. Based on the accoutrement of the Act and adventures in contempo years it is proposed to alter the absolute IEDC for which a accumulation has been set up. Advance of Science Apprenticeship in Schools With a appearance to anecdotic a adorning aptitude in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry at academy level, the International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), Internal Physics Olympiad (IPhO) and International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) is captivated every year. India has been accommodating in these Olympiads back 1989, 1998 and 1999 respectively.
Each accommodating country is appropriate to accelerate a aggregation absolute not added than 6 accessory apprentice contestants to IMO, 5 accessory apprentice contestants at IPhO and 4 adversary acceptance to IChO afar from a baton and agent aggregation leader. Ecology Acclimatization to Academy Apprenticeship The Civic Policy on Apprenticeship (NPE), 1986, provides that the aegis ambiance is a value. The Arrangement was accomplished in 1988-89. The Arrangement envisages abetment to autonomous agencies. The autonomous agencies are assisted for conduct of beginning avant-garde programmes aimed at announcement affiliation of apprenticeship programmes in schools with bounded ecology conditions.
Three Ability Centres namely (i) Uttra Khand Seva Nidhi, Almora (ii) CPR Ecology Apprenticeship Centre, Chennai and (iii) Centre for Ambiance Education, Ahmedabad accept been appointed as nodal agencies for mobilisation, captivation and accouterment of banking abutment to NGOs/voluntary organisation in their corresponding regions for administering avant-garde and beginning programmes in the acreage of Ecology Acclimatization to Academy Education. N A T I O N A L P O P U L A T I O N E D U C A T I O N P R O J E C T Civic Citizenry Apprenticeship Activity (School Education) was launched in April 1980 with a appearance to institutionalise citizenry apprenticeship in the academy apprenticeship system. The objectives of the activity are: i.
Introduction of Adolescence Apprenticeship (with above apparatus like action of growing up, HIV/AIDS Education, Drug Abuse in Schools and Agents Education); and ii. Re-orientation, afterlight and advance of the elements of Citizenry Apprenticeship in the ablaze of Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Citizenry and Development (ICPD), captivated in Cairo in 1984. N A T I O N A L A W A R D S T O T E A C H E R S These were instituted in 1958. There are 302 awards out of which 20 awards are aloof alone for agents of Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic teaching in acceptable institutions. In adjustment to be acceptable the abecedary should accept put in 15 years of connected account on the date of application of his affirmation by the Accompaniment akin Selection Committee.
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