Good Leaders Are Made Not Born
A PROJECT REPORT ON BEHAVIOURAL ASPECT OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOURAL ASPECT OF LEADERSHIP BUSINESS SCHOOL OF DELHI GREATER NOIDA SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: PROF. VEENU ARORA ROHIT KUMAR PGDM(2011-13) INTRODUCTION Adequate leaders are fabricated not built-in . If you have the admiration and will adeptness ,you can become an able leader. adequate leaders advance through a amaranthine activity of cocky study, education, training and experience.
This adviser will advice you through that process. to affect your bodies into higher levels of teamwork, there are assertive things you must be, apperceive ,and ,do. These do not appear naturally, but are acquired through around-the-clock work and study. The best leaders are consistently alive and studying to advance their administration skills. Afore we get started, les ascertain leadership. Administration is a circuitous activity by which a actuality influences others to accomplish a mission, assignment or objective and directs the alignment in a way that makes it added adamant and coherent.
A actuality carries out this activity by applying his or her administration attributes (belief, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skills). Although your position as a manager, supervisor, lead, etc. s and objectives in the organization, this adeptness does not accomplish you a leader... it artlessly makes you the boss. Administration makes people want to accomplish aerial goals and objectives, while, on the alternative hand, administration acquaint bodies to accomplish a task or an objective. Bass' (1) access of administration states that there are three basal agency to explain how bodies become leaders, the aboriginal two explain the administration development for a small number of people.
These theories are: Some personality traits may advance bodies artlessly into leadership roles. Tg is is THE TRAIT THEORY. Crisis or important accident may account a actuality to acceleration to the occasion, which brings amazing administration qualities in an accustomed person. This is THE GREAT EVENT THEORY. Bodies can acquire to become leaders. Bodies can learn leadership skills. This is THE TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY. It is best broadly accustomed access today and the premise on which this adviser is based. Back a actuality is chief if he respects you as a leader, hedoes not anticipate about your attributes.
He observes what you do so that he can apperceive who you absolutely are. He uses this ascertainment to acquaint if you are an honourable and trusted leader, or a cocky confined actuality who misuses his or her authority to attending adequate and get promoted. Cocky confined leaders are not as effective because their advisers abandoned obey them, not follow them. They accomplish in abounding areas because they present a adequate image to their seniors at the amount of their people. The base of adequate administration is atonement appearance and affectionate account to your alignment .
In your employees' eyes, Your administration is aggregate you do that affects the organizations objectives and their able-bodied being. A respected baton concentrates on what she is [be] (beliefs and character), what she knows job, tasks, animal nature), and what she does (implement, motivate, accommodate direction). What makes a actuality chase a leader? Bodies appetite to guided by those they account and those who have a bright faculty of direction. to accretion respect, they charge be ethical. A faculty of administration is able by carrying a able eyes of the future. TWO MOST IMPORTANT KEYS OFLEADERSHIP
Hay's abstraction advised over 75 key apparatus of employee satisfaction. They activate that: assurance and aplomb in top administration was the distinct best reliable predictor of agent achievement in an organization. Able advice by administration in three analytical areas was the key to win organizational assurance and confidence: allowance the advisers acquire the company's all-embracing business strategy. Allowance advisers acquire how they accord to accomplishing key business objectives. Bring advice with advisers on both how the aggregation is accomplishing and how an own employee's analysis is accomplishing -relative to cardinal business objectives.
So basically, you charge be accurate and you have to be able to acquaint a eyes of area you are going. Notice how the "PRINCIPLES OF LEADERSHIP" in the abutting area carefully ties in with this. HUMAN RELATIONS The six best important words: "i acquire i fabricated a mistake. "The bristles best important words: "you did a adequate job. "The four best important words: "what is your opinion. "The three best important words: "if you please. "The two best important words: "thank you. "The one best important word: "we. "The atomic best important word: PRINCIPLE OF LEADERSHIP
TO HELP YOU BE, KNOW, AND DO, (2) FOLLOW THESE ELEVEN attack of administration (later sections will aggrandize on gaining an acumen into these attack and providing accoutrement to accomplish them):Know yourself and seek self-improvement agency consistently deepening your attributes. This can be able through reading, self-study, classes, etc. be technically proficient. As a leader, you charge apperceive your job and acquire a solid acquaintance with your employees' jobs. Seek albatross and take responsibility of your actions. Search for agency to guide your alignment to new heights.
And back things go wrong, they will eventually or later, do not accusation others. Analyze the situation, booty antidotal action, and move on to the abutting challenge. Accomplish complete and appropriate decisions. Use adequate botheration solving, accommodation authoritative and planning tools. Set the example. Be a adequate role archetypal for your employees. They charge not abandoned apprehend what they are accustomed to do but additionally see. Apperceive your bodies and look out for their well-being. Apperceive animal attributes and accent of sincerely caring for your workers. Accumulate your bodies informed. Apperceive how to acquaint with your bodies aural the organization. Advance a faculty of albatross in your people.
Develop adequate appearance ancestry aural your bodies that will advice them backpack out their able responsibilities. Ensure that tasks are understood, supervised, and accomplished. Advice is the key to this responsibility. Train your people as a team. Although abounding so alleged leaders alarm their organization, department, section, etc. A team; they are not absolutely teams... they are aloof a accumulation of bodies accomplishing their jobs. Use the full capabilities of your organization. By developing a aggregation spirit, you will be able to apply your organization, department, section, etc. to its fullest capabilities
FACTORS OF LEADERSHIP The four aloft factors of administration are ..... THE FOLLOWER: Altered bodies crave altered styles of leadership. For example, a new appoint requires more administration than an able employee. A actuality with a altered attitude requires a altered access than one with a high amount of motivation. You charge know your people! The axiological starting point is accepting a adequate compassionate of human nature: needs, emotions, and motivation. You charge apperceive your employees' be, apperceive and do attributes. LEADER: You charge acquire an honest compassionate of who you are, what you know, and what you can do.
Also, agenda that it is the followers, not the baton who determines if a baton is successful. If a addict does no it assurance or lacks aplomb in his or her leader, again she will be uninspired. To be acknowledged you acquire to altercate your followers, not yourself or your supervisors, that you are aces of actuality followed. COMMUNICATION: You advance through two way communication. Abundant of it is non-verbal. For instance, back you "set the example," that communicates to your bodies that you would no assignment them to accomplish annihilation that you would not be accommodating to do.
What and how you acquaint either builds or harms the accord amid you and your employees. SITUATION: All situations are different. What you do in one administration bearings will not consistently assignment in addition situation. You charge use your acumen to adjudge the best advance of activity and the administration appearance bare for anniversary situation. For example, you may charge to accost an employee for inappropriate behavior, but the battle is too backward or too early, too acrid or too weak, again the after-effects may prove abortive . ATTRIBUTES if you are a leader that can be trusted, again the people about you will apprentice to account you.
To be a adequate leader, there are things thtu charge be, know, and do. these abatement beneath the leadership framework: BE a professional. BE a able who acquire adequate appearance traits. KNOW the four factors of leadership- follower, leader, communication, situation. KNOW yourself . KNOW animal attributes KNOW your job KNOW your organization. DO accommodate direction. DO implement. DO motivate. Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, Adjourning The Tuck man model(2)shows the bristles stages that teams go through: from Forming to Storming to Norming to Assuming to Adjourning.
Forming In the Forming stage, aggregation associates are introduced. They accompaniment why they were chosen or volunteered for the aggregation and what they achievement to accomplish aural the team. Associates carefully analyze the boundaries of adequate accumulation behavior. This is a date of transition from abandoned to affiliate status, and of testing the leader's advice both formally and informally. Forming includes these animosity and behaviors: Excitement, anticipation, and optimism. Pride in actuality alleged for the project A acting adapter to the aggregation Suspicion and all-overs about the job.
Defining the tasks and how they will be accomplished. Determining adequate accumulation behavior. Chief what advice needs to be gathered. Abstract discussions of the concepts and issues, and for some members, agitation with the discussions. There will be adversity in anecdotic some of the relevant problems. Because there is so much going on to abstract members' absorption in the beginning, the aggregation accomplishes little, if anything, that apropos it's activity goals. This is altogether normal. Storming During the team's alteration from the "As-Is" tothe "To-Be," is alleged the Storming phase.
All associates acquire their own account as to how theprocess should look, and claimed agendas arerampant. Storming is apparently the best difficultstage for the team. They activate to apprehend thetasks that are advanced are altered and moredifficult than they imagined. Impatient about thelack of progress, associates altercate about aloof whatactions the aggregation should take. They try to relysolely on their claimed and professionalexperience, and abide accommodating with most of the alternative aggregation members. Storming includes these animosity and behaviors:Resisting the tasks. Resisting affection advance approachessuggested by alternative members.
Sharp fluctuations in attitude about the teamand the project's adventitious of success. Arguing amid associates alike back they agreeon the absolute issues. Defensiveness, competition, and allotment sides. Questioning the acumen of those who selectedthis activity and appointed the other membersof the team. Establishing unrealistic goals. Disunity, added tension, and jealousy. The aloft pressures beggarly that team membershave little activity to spend on progressingtowards the team's goal. But they are beginningto acquire one another. This appearance sometimestakes 3 or 4 affairs afore accession at theNorming phase.
Norming The Norming appearance is back the aggregation alcove aconsensus on the "To-Be" process. Everyonewants to allotment the newly activate focus. Enthusiasmis high, and the aggregation is tempted to go above theoriginal ambit of the process. During this stage,members accommodate aggressive loyalties andresponsibilities. They acquire the team, teamground rules, their roles in the team, and theindividuality of adolescent members. Emotionalconflict is bargain as ahead competitiverelationships become added cooperative. Norming includes these animosity and behaviors:An adeptness to accurate criticism constructively.
Acceptance of associates in the team. An attack to accomplish harmony by avoidingconflict. Added friendliness, affectionate in anniversary other, andsharing of claimed problems. A faculty of aggregation cohesion, spirit, and goals. Establishing and advancement aggregation arena rules and boundaries. As aggregation associates activate to assignment out their differences, they now acquire added time and activity to absorb on the project. Assuming The aggregation has now acclimatized its relationships andexpectations. They can activate assuming bydiagnosing, analytic problems, and allotment andimplementing changes.
At aftermost aggregation membershave apparent and accustomed each other'sstrengths and weakness, and abstruse what theirroles are. Assuming includes these animosity andbehaviors:Members acquire insights into claimed and groupprocesses, and bigger compassionate of eachother's strengths and weakness. Constructive self-change. Adeptness to anticipate or work through groupproblemsClose adapter to the teamThe aggregation is now an effective, adamant unit. Youcan acquaint back your aggregation has accomplished this stagebecause you alpha accepting a lot of assignment done. Adjourning The aggregation briefs and shares the improved processduring the this phase.
When the aggregation finallycompletes that aftermost briefing, there is consistently abittersweet faculty of ability coupledwith the abhorrence to say good-bye. Manyrelationships formed aural these teams continuelong afterwards the aggregation disbands TEAM VS GROUP There are several factors that abstracted teamsfrom groups. Roles and Responsibilities Aural a group, individuals authorize a set of behaviors alleged roles. These roles setexpectations administering relationships. Roles oftenserve as antecedent of abashing and conflict. Whileon the alternative hand, teams acquire a sharedunderstanding on how to accomplish their role.
These roles include: leader, facilitator,timekeeper, and recorder. Character While teams acquire an identity, groups do not. It isalmost absurd to authorize the faculty of cohesion that characterizes a aggregation after thisfundamental step. A aggregation has a clearunderstanding about what constitutes the team's'work' and why it is important. They can describea account of what the aggregation needs to achieve, andthe norms and belief that will adviser them Accord Teams acquire an brotherhood that shows a faculty of bonding and camaraderie. Brotherhood is the spirit,soul, and accompaniment of apperception of the team.
It is theoverall alertness of the aggregation that a personidentifies with and feels a allotment of. Individualsbegin application "we" added than "me. " Facilitate Groups acquire a addiction to get bogged bottomward withtrivial issues. Ask yourself, "How abundant time getswasted in affairs you attend? " Teams usefacilitators to accumulate the aggregation on the appropriate path. Advice While associates of a accumulation are centered uponthemselves, the aggregation is committed to opencommunication. Aggregation associates feel they canstate their opinions, thoughts, and feelingswithout fear. Listening is advised as importantas speaking.
Differences of assessment is admired andmethods of managing battle are understood. Through honest and caring feedback, membersare acquainted of their strengths and weakness asteam members. There is an atmosphere of trustand accepting and a faculty of community. Adaptability Best groups are acutely rigid. Teams, howevermaintain a aerial akin of flexibility, and theyperform altered assignment and aliment functionsas needed. The albatross for teamdevelopment and administration is shared. Thestrengths of anniversary affiliate are identified andused. Morale Aggregation associates are agog about the assignment of the aggregation and anniversary actuality feels pride in actuality a 16 ember of the team. Aggregation spirit is high. To be asuccessful team, the accumulation charge acquire a strongability to aftermath after-effects and a high amount of satisfaction in alive with one another. <> Alive With Alternative TeamMembers Although we are like in abounding ways, we are dislikein a lot added ways. Humans acquire consistently approved toclassify things, including themselves. This sectionuses a accepted categorizer by agreement bodies intofour styles - Driver, Persuader, Analyzer,Organizer. (note that the names will alter widelydepending aloft the architect of the chart). It doesthis by charting them on two ambit - tasksand emotions.
People gets after-effects on tasksbetween two extremes - address andprocesses. Bodies use affections in ambidextrous withothers through two extremes - controlled orresponsive. In the blueprint below, the twodimensions are apparent beneath the contour Character: Be a allotment of the rock • Charisma: The aboriginal consequence can allowance the deal. • Commitment: It seperates doers from dreamers • Communication: after it you biking abandoned • Competence: if you body it they will appear • Courage: one actuality with adventuresomeness is a majority • Discernment: put an end to unsolved mysteries •
Focus: the bluff it is, the bluff you are • Generosity: your candle loses annihilation back it lights addition • Initiative: you wont leave home after it • Listening: to affix with their hearts use your aerial 43 • Passion: booty this activity and adulation it • Positive attitude: if you accept you can, you can • Botheration solving: you deceit let your problems be a botheration • Relationships: if you get forth they will go forth • Resposibility: if you wont backpack the brawl you wont advance theteam • Security: adequacy never compensates for crisis • Self-discipline: the aboriginal actuality you advance is you •
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