Geosciene Online Quiz Question and Answers

The Geosci Motherload Unit 1 - Science! |1. |The US government, and best alternative governments of the world, accommodate abutment for scientists but not for astrologers, approach readers, or blast | | |“psychics”. Why do governments abutment scientists? | | |A. | | |Scientists are amazingly sexy, and government functionaries artlessly cannot ascendancy themselves in the attendance of such acid attractiveness and | | |throw money at the scientists (sometimes tucking tens and twenties into the pockets of the scientists’ lab coats). | | | | |B. | | |Scientists use a authentic method, and governments are consistently committed to acknowledging the use of authentic methods. | | | | | |C. | | |Scientists advice bodies do advantageous things, which makes the bodies healthier, wealthier, etc. , and governments generally like to abutment bloom and | | |wealth. | | | | |D. | | |Scientists all alcohol Diet Pepsi because they anticipate it makes them attending sexy, and governments are all controlled by the able Pepsi | | |Corporation and so the governments abutment the Diet-Pepsi-drinking scientists. | | | | | |E. | | |Scientists apprentice the Truth, and governments are consistently acutely committed to acquirements the truth. | | | The government is generally absorbed in seeing bodies alive longer, or convalescent the economy, or accepting bigger and more-accurate atomic accessories for the military, or in abounding alternative things that advance our lives, and science additional engineering and authentic anesthetic are bigger than any alternative animal action at carrying these. A carper ability say that politicians are generally not all that absorbed in award the Truth. And a realist would calendar that science is actuality bigger all the time, and because you cannot advance on the Truth, science has not (yet? ) abstruse the Truth. There are abounding methods in the world, some of them are careful, and abounding of them are not adjourned by the government. Some of our spouses or cogent others may anticipate that some scientists are sexy, but abounding alternative adult bodies are not adjourned by the government. One of the advisers has been accustomed to alcohol a adversary of Pepsi on occasion, and some scientists burden from bendable drinks entirely. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |C | |Your Response: |C | |2. |What is an authentic description of the job of a scientist? | | |A. | |The scientist does alone things that crave high-tech equipment. | | | | | |B. | | |The scientist invents new ideas, and goes on to appearance that some of those account are false. | | | | | |C. | | |The scientist learns the Accuracy through authentic appliance of the authentic method. | | | | | |D. | |The scientist does alone things that appearance how adult actuality a scientist absolutely is, causing down-trodden non-scientists to lose ascendancy of | | |themselves with animal animalism for the scientist. | | | | | |E. | | |The scientist Invents new ideas, and afresh goes on to prove that some of those account are True. | | | | Abundant of the fun in science is advancing up with abundant new account (hypotheses, if you like adorned words). But for your new abstraction to “win”, you accept to appearance that it does bigger than old ideas, so you accept to prove those old account apocryphal (or incomplete, or not-quite-right, or whatever “nice” chat you ability prefer). The authentic adjustment is a able way for bodies to apprentice to do things, and apprentice what does and doesn’t work, but the after-effects of science are consistently accessible to improvement, so are not claimed to be Truth, and apparently are not Truth. Some scientists still use pencils and attending at things, and there are apparently a few non-sexy scientists about somewhere. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |3. |Newton’s account on physics “won”, and Aristotle’s account were kicked out of science and over into history. Why? | | |A. | | |Newton’s account appealed to asleep white European males, admitting Aristotle’s didn’t because Aristotle wore a toga all the time. | | | | | |B. | |Newton’s account did a bigger job of admiration how attributes would behave. | | | | | |C. | | |Newton’s account appealed to asleep white European males, admitting Aristotle’s didn’t. | | | | | |D. | | |Newton’s account were added elegant, and so were intellectually favored. | | | | | |E. | | |Newton won the Nobel prize. | | | | Unlike painting or literature, authentic analysis has a categorical action for addition out if Newton's account are bigger or if Aristotle had it appropriate all along. In attractive at a painting, we can ask altered bodies what they think, or we can accomplish up our own apperception on whether we like it or not, and that is altogether valid. In science, we accept to ask: does the abstraction fit with the way the apple works? Can I adumbrate the acceleration of a falling commodity bigger appliance Newton's account or Aristotle's? As it turns out, Aristotle’s account didn’t adumbrate things actual well, and Newton’s did. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |4. |Scientists generally allege of consensus—the authentic association agrees that a authentic approach is bigger than the competitors. What is such | | |scientific accord based on? | | |A. | | |The affirmation of a distinct scientist that he or she is correct. | | | | | |B. | | |A cardinal of altered abstracts by altered bodies that all had outcomes that were predicted accurately by the advantaged approach and not by | | |the competitors. | | | | | |C. | | |Statements in the old textbooks that the scientists advised back they were in school. | | | | | |D. | |The accommodation of the Nobel award-winning board to accord the artist of the abstraction a lot of money. | | | | | |E. | | |A distinct agreement had an aftereffect that was predicted accurately by the advantaged approach and not by the competitors. | | | | Agreement on authentic theories is a contentious, drawn-out, and sometimes acerbic business. Scientists are no bigger (and no worse! ) than everybody else: we anticipate we are appropriate and those who disagree with us are dunderheads! I put advanced my idea, and the abstracts that I did that appearance the abstraction is a acceptable one... afresh everybody abroad bags on and pooh-poohs my idea. BUT, they go out and do abstracts that try and appearance my account are wrong... and they can't do it! So eventually all those abstracts accumulate, and assuredly bodies accede that my abstraction is a acceptable one. (Sometimes accompanied by a sneer: "... but of advance I knew that all along. I aloof didn't bother to advance it... " I told you, scientists are no bigger and no worse than the blow of the world. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |5. |Your job depends on you award the best accessible advice on a authentic abstruse topic. Area should you administer your chase if | | |you appetite to do it appropriate and accrue your job? | | |A. | | |Watch cola commercials on football basin games. | | | | |B. | | |Locate accessories in account account magazines allegory the angle of accessible admiral on the abstruse issue, as appear in the newspapers. | | | | | |C. | | |Get on the web and go attractive for the pages acquaint by “think-tanks” headquartered abreast Washington. | | | | | |D. | | |Scan databases of bi-weekly accessories to acquisition the angle of accessible abstracts on the abstruse issue. | | | | |E. | | |Find and abstraction refereed authentic accessories in abstruse journals. | | | | No antecedent of advice is perfect, but the refereed accessories in abstruse journals put immense accomplishment into “getting it right”. The web has reliable information, of course, but apparently best of the advice on the web is not abnormally reliable. The web is actual inexpensive, and lots of bodies put clutter on it. Think tanks additionally generally are blame an agenda, and try to “spin” advice their way. Best newspapers are about for the continued haul, and try to accomplish the account adequately accurate, although some newspapers do accept agendas, and the beat pages are not abnormally accurate. But, if the address is on the angle of a accessible figure, the bi-weekly may accurately address what the accessible amount said, but what the accessible amount said may be beneath than absolutely accurate. Some magazines are absolutely acceptable and careful, but abounding are blame a acceptance or aloof overhyping things to aggravate you into affairs the magazine. And while you are acceptable to accept that bubbler a authentic cola makes you sexy… don’t calculation on it. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |E | |Your Response: |E | |6. |Before they can be published, authentic affidavit charge be peer-reviewed. This agency that: | | |A. | | |Some alternative authentic experts apprehend the affidavit and agreement that they are True. | | | | |B. | | |Some alternative authentic experts apprehend the affidavit and accommodate affection ascendancy by eliminating abounding mistakes. | | | | | |C. | | |Government bureaucrats apprehend the papers, to be abiding that the affidavit do not insult the political positions of the accustomed officeholders. | | | | | |D. | |Everyone in the apple is accustomed the befalling to animadversion on the affidavit through a distinctively maintained blog. | | | | | |E. | | |An editor reads the papers, to accomplish abiding that all the semicolons are in the actual places. | | | | Reviewers assignment adamantine to analyze errors of any sort, about consistently analyze many, and afresh the reviewers and editors assert that those errors be anchored afore publication. Review is done voluntarily by scientists; this is allotment of the amount of actuality a affiliate of this abundant animal undertaking. Science doesn’t affirmation Truth; although science strives to be as authentic as humanly possible, that is generally able-bodied abbreviate of Truth. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |7. |What is added authentic about the Earth? | | |A. | |The Earth is formed of flat, vertical layers; one runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, and afresh others are layered on to the abandon of | | |that. | | | | | |B. | | |The Earth is formed of flat, accumbent layers, a little cap at the South Pole, afresh a band aloft that, and a band aloft that, all the way | | |up to a little cap at the North Pole. | | | | | |C. | |The Earth is formed of concentric layers (something like an onion--a axial brawl with a carapace about it, and a carapace about that…), but with | | |a behemothic aperture on one ancillary area the moon-making blow accursed pieces off. | | | | | |D. | | |The Earth is homogeneous; back it melted, it got all alloyed up. | | | | | |E. | |The Earth is formed of concentric layers (something like an onion--a axial brawl with a carapace about it, and a carapace about that…); back the | | |planet melted, it afar into layers. | | | | The planet is onion-like, with an abutting core, afresh an alien core, a crimson (which has several sub-layers), and a crust. The moon-making blow did happen, but the planet got hot abundant to abstracted again. The planet afar afterwards melting abundantly or completely, with the densest actuality falling to the centermost and the lowest-density actuality amphibian to the top. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |E | | | | |8. |Geologists get to comedy with chemistry, physics, biology… and history! And what a history you will accommodated as you assignment your way through the | | |course. Starting at the beginning, the arbiter provides the scientifically accustomed alpha of the story… and promises that you’ll get to | | |explore some of the affirmation for that authentic view, afterwards in the semester. Meanwhile, which is added about actual of the scientifically | | |accepted view? | | |A. | | |The Earth is eternal, accepting been actuality consistently and able to be actuality forever. | | | | | |B. | |The Earth formed from the falling calm of earlier materials, about 4. 6 billion years ago. | | | | | |C. | | |The Earth formed in the Big Bang, about 6000 years ago. | | | | | |D. | | |The Earth was accumulated by gigantic amplitude beavers, which gnawed bottomward the basic timberline of action and accumulated its branches calm to anatomy the | | |planet. | | | | | |E. | |The Earth formed back the Big Bang acquired earlier abstracts to abatement together, about 14 billion years ago. | | | | The Big Bang is estimated as accepting occurred about 14 billion years ago. Stars that eventually formed in the deathwatch of the Big Bang led to assembly of elements such as adamant and silicon that are accepted in the Earth—we are formed from second-generation stardust, which “got it together” to accomplish the planet about 4. 6 billion years ago. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |9. |National Parks are: | | |A. | | |Regions absolute key biological assets that accept been set abreast for the amusement of approaching generations. | | | | |B. | | |Regions absolute key geological assets that accept been set abreast for the amusement of the present generation. | | | | | |C. | | |Regions absolute key cultural assets that accept been set abreast for the amusement of the present bearing and approaching generations. | | | | | |D. | |Regions absolute key biological, geological or cultural assets that accept been set abreast for the amusement of the present bearing and | | |future generations. | | | | | |E. | | |Regions absolute key roller coasters that accept been set abreast for the amusement of you and your actual friends. | | | | Old Faithful, the behemothic sequoias, and Mesa Verde’s bluff dwellings are cat-and-mouse for you, and your grandchildren. [pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |D | |Your Response: |D | |10. You acquisition two aloof atoms. Anniversary has 8 protons in its nucleus, but one has 7 neutrons, and the alternative has 8 neutrons. It is actual | | |to accompaniment that: | | |A. | | |The two atoms are from two altered elements. | | | | | |B. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered ions of that element. | | | | |C. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned cola, but presented in altered packaging. | | | | | |D. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered isotopes of that element. | | | | |E. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered isopleths of that element. | | | | The aspect is bent by the cardinal of protons, so if anniversary atom has the aforementioned cardinal of protons, the atoms are the aforementioned element. Changing the cardinal of neutrons primarily affects the weight, giving a altered isotope of the aforementioned element. Changing the cardinal of neutrons too abundant can acquaint radioactivity, so the isotope won’t adhere about forever. ) Ions are fabricated by accepting or accident electrons. Isopleths are curve on a map abutting places with the aforementioned absorption of commodity that addition has measured, not absolutely accordant here. And cola requires authoritative atoms into molecules, and afresh bond molecules of several sorts (water, sweetener, appearance agent, additive agent, conceivably caffeine) to accomplish cola. [pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |D | |Your Response: |D | |11. You get some stuff, and alpha demography it apart. But, you are belted to the use of “ordinary” agency (fire, sunlight, your digestive| | |system) and you cannot use atom smashers or atom bombs. What is the aboriginal allotment that you are acceptable to be able to produce: | | |A. | | |A quark | | | | | |B. | | |A basis | | | | |C. | | |A proton. | | | | | |D. | | |An atom | | | | | |E. | |A neutron. | | | | We can breach amount bottomward into atoms (Greek for “not cuttable” because the Greeks didn’t accept atom smashers or alternative alien accoutrement that would acquiesce acid atoms into abate pieces). All of the amiss answers actuality are abate pieces of atoms, but cannot commonly be abandoned by “ordinary” tools. [pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |D | |Your Response: |D | |12. Ignoring acceptable manners, you alpha acclaim about in the basis of a poor, biting atom, to see what is in there. What are you | | |most acceptable to find? | | |A. | | |Only neutrons. | | | | | |B. | | |Neutrons, usually with some electrons blind about amid the neutrons. | | | | | |C. | | |Protons, usually with some electrons blind about amid the protons. | | | | |D. | | |Protons, usually with some neutrons blind about amid the protons. | | | | | |E. | | |Only protons. | | | | The simplest basis is the distinct proton in “ordinary” hydrogen. All alternative nuclei accommodate protons and neutrons. Electrons accomplish the billow about the nucleus. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |D | |1. |What is an authentic description of the job of a scientist? | | |A. | | |The scientist invents new ideas, and goes on to appearance that some of those account are false. | | | | |B. | | |The scientist learns the Accuracy through authentic appliance of the authentic method. | | | | | |C. | | |The scientist Invents new ideas, and afresh goes on to prove that some of those account are True. | | | | | |D. | |The scientist does alone things that appearance how adult actuality a scientist absolutely is, causing down-trodden non-scientists to lose ascendancy of | | |themselves with animal animalism for the scientist. | | | | | |E. | | |The scientist does alone things that crave high-tech equipment. | | | | Abundant of the fun in science is advancing up with abundant new account (hypotheses, if you like adorned words). But for your new abstraction to “win”, you accept to appearance that it does bigger than old ideas, so you accept to prove those old account apocryphal (or incomplete, or not-quite-right, or whatever “nice” chat you ability prefer). The authentic adjustment is a able way for bodies to apprentice to do things, and apprentice what does and doesn’t work, but the after-effects of science are consistently accessible to improvement, so are not claimed to be Truth, and apparently are not Truth. Some scientists still use pencils and attending at things, and there are apparently a few non-sexy scientists about somewhere. [pic]|Points Earned: |0/1 | |Your Response: |B | |1. |Most Americans abutment science because: | | |A. | | |The authentic adjustment allows scientists to apprentice the Truth. | | | | | |B. | | |All scientists are sexy. | | | | | |C. | |All Americans are apathetic asinine by science. | | | | | |D. | | |All Americans are absorbed by science. | | | | | |E. | | |Science has helped accomplish our lives easier, safer, etc. | | | | Afterwards science and technology, the abundant majority of us would be dead, so we tend to be supporters of science. Although we apperceive that science works, we’re never abiding that it is absolutely right. Students so generally ascertain things that advisers missed, or that advisers got wrong, that scientists would be asinine to affirmation Truth. Comparing the TV ratings of the latest hit to the ratings of the latest science affairs on accessible broadcasting shows that abounding Americans are not absorbed by science, but the science-show ratings are aloft zero, so some bodies are absorbed by science. And achievement as we might, it is abominably bright that not every scientist is adult (just best of them are…). [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |E | | | | |2. |What is an authentic description of the job of a scientist? | | |A. | |The scientist invents new ideas, and goes on to appearance that some of those account are false. | | | | | |B. | | |The scientist learns the Accuracy through authentic appliance of the authentic method. | | | | | |C. | | |The scientist does alone things that appearance how adult actuality a scientist absolutely is, causing down-trodden non-scientists to lose ascendancy of | | |themselves with animal animalism for the scientist. | | | | |D. | | |The scientist does alone things that crave high-tech equipment. | | | | | |E. | | |The scientist Invents new ideas, and afresh goes on to prove that some of those account are True. | | | | Abundant of the fun in science is advancing up with abundant new account (hypotheses, if you like adorned words). But for your new abstraction to “win”, you accept to appearance that it does bigger than old ideas, so you accept to prove those old account apocryphal (or incomplete, or not-quite-right, or whatever “nice” chat you ability prefer). The authentic adjustment is a able way for bodies to apprentice to do things, and apprentice what does and doesn’t work, but the after-effects of science are consistently accessible to improvement, so are not claimed to be Truth, and apparently are not Truth. Some scientists still use pencils and attending at things, and there are apparently a few non-sexy scientists about somewhere. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |A | |Your Response: |A | |3. |The final adjudicator amid two alternating theories (for archetype Aristotle’s and Newton’s ideas) is: | | |A. | | |A accessible assessment poll conducted by Gallup, ABC News, and Fox News. | | | | |B. | | |Nature, and abstracts conducted to analysis anniversary idea. | | | | | |C. | | |A board of "wise men" who accrue alert a year to adjudge such disputes. | | | | | |D. | | |The Nobel Award-winning Board in Stockholm, Sweden. | | | | Unlike painting or literature, authentic analysis has a categorical action for addition out if Newton's account are bigger or if Aristotle had it appropriate all along. In attractive at a painting, we can ask altered bodies what they think, or we can accomplish up our own apperception on whether we like it or not, and that is altogether valid. In science, we accept to ask: does the abstraction fit with the way the apple works? Can I adumbrate the acceleration of a falling commodity bigger appliance Newton's account or Aristotle's? As it turns out, Aristotle’s account didn’t adumbrate things actual well, and Newton’s did. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |4. |When scientists accede that a authentic authentic approach is a acceptable one, and the scientists use that approach to advice accomplish new things, cure | | |diseases, etc. that "agreement" came about because: | | |A. | | |A distinct agreement had an aftereffect that was well-predicted by that theory. | | | | | |B. | | |A single, well-respected scientist put advanced the idea. | | | | | |C. | | |That's what it says in all the books. | | | | | |D. | | |The Nobel award-winning board gave the artist of the abstraction a lot of money. | | | | | |E. | |A cardinal of altered abstracts by altered bodies all had outcomes that were well-predicted by the theory. | | | | Agreement on authentic theories is a contentious, drawn-out, and sometimes acerbic business. Scientists are no bigger (and no worse! ) than everybody else: we anticipate we are appropriate and those who disagree with us are dunderheads! I put advanced my idea, and the abstracts that I did that appearance the abstraction is a acceptable one... afresh everybody abroad bags on and pooh-poohs my idea. BUT, they go out and do abstracts that try and appearance my account are wrong... nd they can't do it! So eventually all those abstracts accumulate, and assuredly bodies accede that my abstraction is a acceptable one. (Sometimes accompanied by a sneer: "... but of advance I knew that all along. I aloof didn't bother to advance it... " I told you, scientists are no bigger and no worse than the blow of the world. ) |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |E | |Your Response: |E | |5. Which is added acceptable to accommodate reliable information? | | |A. | | |A web folio acquaint by an absolute “think-tank”. | | | | | |B. | | |A annual commodity summarizing contempo bi-weekly and television reports. | | | | | |C. | | |A refereed commodity in a abstruse journal. | | | | | |D. | | |The angle of accessible abstracts appear in a bi-weekly article. | | | | |E. | | |A cola commercial. | | | | No antecedent of advice is perfect, but the refereed accessories in abstruse journals put immense accomplishment into “getting it right”. The web has reliable information, of course, but apparently best of the advice on the web is not abnormally reliable. The web is actual inexpensive, and lots of bodies put clutter on it. Think tanks additionally generally are blame an agenda, and try to “spin” advice their way. Best newspapers are about for the continued haul, and try to accomplish the account adequately accurate, although some newspapers do accept agendas, and the beat pages are not abnormally accurate. But, if the address is on the angle of a accessible figure, the bi-weekly may accurately address what the accessible amount said, but what the accessible amount said may be beneath than absolutely accurate. Some magazines are absolutely acceptable and careful, but abounding are blame a acceptance or aloof overhyping things to aggravate you into affairs the magazine. And while you are acceptable to accept that bubbler a authentic cola makes you sexy… don’t calculation on it. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |C | |Your Response: |C | |6. |What is authentic about associate analysis of authentic papers? | | |A. | | |It insures that they are True. | | | | |B. | | |It about consistently leads to the advocacy that the affidavit be appear afterwards changes. | | | | | |C. | | |It is why we alarm authentic affidavit “primary sources”. | | | | | |D. | | |It provides affection ascendancy by eliminating abounding mistakes. | | | | | |E. | |It is primarily done by government bureaucrats assassin for that purpose. | | | | Reviewers assignment adamantine to analyze errors of any sort, about consistently analyze many, and afresh the reviewers and editors assert that those errors be anchored afore publication. Analysis is done voluntarily by scientists; this is allotment of the amount of actuality a affiliate of this abundant animal undertaking. Science doesn’t affirmation Truth; although science strives to be as authentic as humanly possible, that is generally able-bodied abbreviate of Truth. Asking grandpa what academy was like in his adolescence gives you a primary antecedent (grandpa), alike if he insists that he absolved 20 afar through neck-deep snow, acclivous both ways. Some primary sources accept authentic memories. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |D | |Your Response: |D | |7. The Earth is layered. Best geologists accept that this layering originated primarily because: | | |A. | | |The denser actual fell calm from amplitude first, and afresh the less-dense actual fell in later. | | | | | |B. | | |The Earth partially or absolutely broiled anon afterwards it formed, and the denser abstracts fell to the center. | | | | | |C. | |Graham Spanier assured that it be, so it was. | | | | | |D. | | |The Earth has been amid bit-by-bit for billions of years as the algid amphibian slabs bore all the way to the centermost and accumulation up. | | | | | |E. | | |The Moon flew out of the Earth afterwards a abundant blow with a Mars-sized body, causing the Earth to circuit faster and separate. | | | Melting allows things to array out added easily. Anticipate of the rocks and snow and ice and alkali and accumulate genitalia that stick on the basal of your car back you drive in a snowstorm, and how they array themselves out back they cook in the barn or in the spring. Abundant affirmation credibility to aboriginal breach of the Earth into layers, afore the blow with a Mars-sized anatomy that accursed out the actual that fabricated the moon, although a little bit of amid may still be action on. The blazon of actual falling calm to accomplish the planet may accept afflicted as the planet formed, but this doesn’t assume to accept been too important in authoritative things. And boss as Graham Spanier is, this was a bit afore his time. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |8. |The Earth has a alluring history, which this chic has aloof amorphous to explore. Which is added about correct, according to the authentic | | |interpretation presented in the text? | | |A. | | |The Earth has been actuality forever. | | | | | |B. | | |The Earth formed in the abundant Pepsi flood, back Graham Spanier’s clandestine reservoirs access accessible and abounding Pennsylvania. | | | | | |C. | | |The Earth formed in the Big Bang, about 4. 6 billion years ago. | | | | |D. | | |The Earth formed about 4. 6 billion years ago, able-bodied afterwards the Big Bang, as abstracts fabricated in stars fell calm to anatomy the planet. | | | | | |E. | | |The Earth formed in the Big Bang, about 6000 years ago. | | | | The Big Bang is estimated as accepting occurred about 14 billion years ago. Stars that eventually formed in the deathwatch of the Big Bang led to assembly of elements such as adamant and silicon that are accepted in the Earth—we are formed from second-generation stardust, which “got it together” to accomplish the planet about 4. 6 billion years ago. |[pic] |Points Earned: |0/1 | |Correct Answer: |D | |Your Response: |C | |9. Civic Parks are: | | |A. | | |An apparatus of the Romans, to affected the “tragedy of the commons” that acquired them to access the food-service barrio of the adjoining | | |Greeks. | | | | | |B. | | |An apparatus of the United States that has advance about abundant of the world, as a way of attention some of the finest genitalia of the world. | | | | | |C. | |A U. S. government affairs to accommodate roller-coaster rides for disadvantaged grandparents. | | | | | |D. | | |An apparatus of the United States, which has been commonly abandoned by the blow of the apple because they absolutely don’t like us. | | | | | |E. | | |An apparatus of Greenlandic people, who set abreast the northeastern allotment of the island as the world’s aboriginal civic park. | | | Yellowstone was the aboriginal Civic Park, but now you can acquisition Civic Parks broadcast beyond the planet, attention key areas for the amusement of this bearing and for approaching generations. |[pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |10. |You acquisition two aloof atoms. Anniversary has 8 protons in its nucleus, but one has 7 neutrons, and the alternative has 8 neutrons. It is actual | | |to accompaniment that: | | |A. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned cola, but presented in altered packaging. | | | | |B. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered isopleths of that element. | | | | | |C. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered ions of that element. | | | | |D. | | |The two atoms are from two altered elements. | | | | | |E. | | |The two atoms are from the aforementioned element, but are altered isotopes of that element. | | | | The aspect is bent by the cardinal of protons, so if anniversary atom has the aforementioned cardinal of protons, the atoms are the aforementioned element. Changing the cardinal of neutrons primarily affects the weight, giving a altered isotope of the aforementioned element. (Changing the cardinal of neutrons too abundant can acquaint radioactivity, so the isotope won’t adhere about forever. ) Ions are fabricated by accepting or accident electrons. Isopleths are curve on a map abutting places with the aforementioned absorption of commodity that addition has measured, not absolutely accordant here. And cola requires authoritative atoms into molecules, and afresh bond molecules of several sorts (water, sweetener, appearance agent, additive agent, conceivably caffeine) to accomplish cola. [pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |E | |Your Response: |E | |11. |You get some stuff, and alpha demography it apart. But, you are belted to the use of “ordinary” agency (fire, sunlight, your digestive| | |system) and you cannot use atom smashers or atom bombs. What is the aboriginal allotment that you are acceptable to be able to produce: | | |A. | | |A neutron. | | | | | |B. | | |An atom | | | | | |C. | | |A proton. | | | | |D. | | |A basis | | | | | |E. | | |A quark | | | | We can breach amount bottomward into atoms (Greek for “not cuttable” because the Greeks didn’t accept atom smashers or alternative alien accoutrement that would acquiesce acid atoms into abate pieces). All of the amiss answers actuality are abate pieces of atoms, but cannot commonly be abandoned by “ordinary” tools. |[pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |12. |Chemical reactions involve: | | |A. | | |The administration or trading of partons. | | | | | |B. | |The administration or trading of quarks. | | | | | |C. | | |The administration or trading of protons. | | | | | |D. | | |The administration or trading of neutrons. | | | | | |E. | | |The administration or trading of electrons. | | | | The clouds of electrons about the nuclei of atoms serve as the Velcro of the universe. Atoms accretion or lose electrons and afresh stick calm by changeless electricity, or abroad allotment electrons and stick calm axial the aggregate cloud. The nuclei with their protons and neutrons (which are themselves composed of quarks, which additionally were alleged partons at one time) are the things captivated calm by the cyberbanking Velcro of chemistry. |[pic|Points Earned: |1/1 | |] | | | |Correct Answer: |E | |Your Response: |E | |1. Ignoring acceptable manners, you alpha acclaim about in the basis of a poor, biting atom, to see what is in there. What are you best acceptable | | |to find? | | |A. | | |Neutrons, usually with some electrons blind about amid the neutrons. | | | | | |B. | | |Only neutrons. | | | | | |C. | | |Protons, usually with some neutrons blind about amid the protons. | | | | | |D. | |Protons, usually with some electrons blind about amid the protons. | | | | | |E. | | |Only protons. | | | | The simplest basis is the distinct proton in “ordinary” hydrogen. All alternative nuclei accommodate protons and neutrons. Electrons accomplish the billow about the nucleus. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Your Response: |C | |2. Assessment acclamation appearance best association of the US do not accept they accept science actual well, but they do favor added government abutment of | | |science. Why do best US association favor government abutment of science? | | |A. | | |Scientists are so breath-takingly adult that best bodies are fatigued through arduous animal animalism to abutment the authentic enterprise. | | | | | |B. | | |Science is so arid that about anybody uses public-broadcasting science programming as a beddy-bye aid, and government allotment is bare to | | |insure a abiding accumulation of boredom. | | | | |C. | | |Science has helped accomplish our lives healthier, wealthier, easier, safer, etc. , and bodies achievement that added allotment of added science will accommodate | | |even added health, wealth, ease, safety, etc. | | | | | |D. | | |Science is artlessly so alluring that about anybody can’t delay to see what will be apparent next. | | | | | |E. | |Scientists administer their authentic method, which allows them to apprentice the Truth. | | | | Afterwards science and technology, the abundant majority of us would be dead, so we tend to be supporters of science. Although we apperceive that science works, we’re never abiding that it is absolutely right. Students so generally ascertain things that advisers missed, or that advisers got wrong, that scientists would be asinine to affirmation Truth. Comparing the TV ratings of the latest hit to the ratings of the latest science affairs on accessible broadcasting shows that abounding Americans are not absorbed by science, but the science-show ratings are aloft zero, so some bodies are absorbed by science. And achievement as we might, it is abominably bright that not every scientist is adult (just best of them are…). |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Your Response: |C | |3. In chemistry, the blazon of an atom (what aspect it is) is bent by: | | |A. | | |The cardinal of electrons it exchanges with its neighbors. | | | | | |B. | | |The cardinal of protons it has in a billow about the nucleus. | | | | | |C. | | |The cardinal of neutrons it has in a billow about the nucleus. | | | | | |D. | |The cardinal of neutrons it contains in its nucleus. | | | | | |E. | | |The cardinal of protons it contains in its nucleus. | | | | Physicists change the name back the cardinal of charged, massive protons in the basis changes. Adding one proton makes a HUGE aberration to how an atom behaves, and so deserves a new name. The neutrons adhere about in the basis to accrue the protons from blame anniversary alternative out. Exchanging electrons is important, but doesn’t change the aspect type. [pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Your Response: |E | |4. |What is an authentic description of the job of a scientist? | | |A. | | |The scientist Invents new ideas, and afresh goes on to prove that some of those account are True. | | | | | |B. | | |The scientist does alone things that appearance how adult actuality a scientist absolutely is, causing down-trodden non-scientists to lose ascendancy of | | |themselves with animal animalism for the scientist. | | | | |C. | | |The scientist learns the Accuracy through authentic appliance of the authentic method. | | | | | |D. | | |The scientist does alone things that crave high-tech equipment. | | | | | |E. | | |The scientist invents new ideas, and goes on to appearance that some of those account are false. | | | Abundant of the fun in science is advancing up with abundant new account (hypotheses, if you like adorned words). But for your new abstraction to “win”, you accept to appearance that it does bigger than old ideas, so you accept to prove those old account apocryphal (or incomplete, or not-quite-right, or whatever “nice” chat you ability prefer). The authentic adjustment is a able way for bodies to apprentice to do things, and apprentice what does and doesn’t work, but the after-effects of science are consistently accessible to improvement, so are not claimed to be Truth, and apparently are not Truth. Some scientists still use pencils and attending at things, and there are apparently a few non-sexy scientists about somewhere. |[pic]|Points Earned: |0/1 | |Your Response: |A | |5. |What is added authentic about the Earth? | | |A. | | |The Earth is formed of concentric layers (something like an onion--a axial brawl with a carapace about it, and a carapace about that…); back the | | |planet melted, it afar into layers. | | | | |B. | | |The Earth is formed of flat, vertical layers; one runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, and afresh others are layered on to the abandon of | | |that. | | | | | |C. | | |The Earth is formed of flat, accumbent layers, a little cap at the South Pole, afresh a band aloft that, and a band aloft that, all the way | | |up to a little cap at the North Pole. | | | | | |D. | |The Earth is formed of concentric layers (something like an onion--a axial brawl with a carapace about it, and a carapace about that…), but with | | |a behemothic aperture on one ancillary area the moon-making blow accursed pieces off. | | | | | |E. | | |The Earth is homogeneous; back it melted, it got all alloyed up. | | | | The planet is onion-like, with an abutting core, afresh an alien core, a crimson (which has several sub-layers), and a crust. The moon-making blow did happen, but the planet got hot abundant to abstracted again. The planet afar afterwards melting abundantly or completely, with the densest actuality falling to the centermost and the lowest-density actuality amphibian to the top. |[pic|Points Earned: |0/1 | |] | | | |Your Response: |E | |1. |The US government, and best alternative governments of the world, accommodate abutment for scientists but not for astrologers, approach readers, or blast | | |“psychics”. Why do governments abutment scientists? | | |A. | |Scientists all alcohol Diet Pepsi because they anticipate it makes them attending sexy, and governments are all controlled by the able Pepsi | | |Corporation and so the governments abutment the Diet-Pepsi-drinking scientists. | | | | | |B. | | |Scientists advice bodies do advantageous things, which makes the bodies healthier, wealthier, etc. , and governments generally like to abutment bloom and | | |wealth. | | | | |C. | | |Scientists are amazingly sexy, and government functionaries artlessly cannot ascendancy themselves in the attendance of such acid attractiveness and | | |throw money at the scientists (sometimes tucking tens and twenties into the pockets of the scientists’ lab coats). | | | | | |D. | | |Scientists use a authentic method, and governments are consistently committed to acknowledging the use of authentic methods. | | | | |E. | | |Scientists apprentice the Truth, and governments are consistently acutely committed to acquirements the truth. | | | | The government is generally absorbed in seeing bodies alive longer, or convalescent the economy, or accepting bigger and more-accurate atomic accessories for the military, or in abounding alternative things that advance our lives, and science additional engineering and authentic anesthetic are bigger than any alternative animal action at carrying these. A carper ability say that politicians are generally not all that absorbed in award the Truth. And a realist would calendar that science is actuality bigger all the time, and because you cannot advance on the Truth, science has not (yet? ) abstruse the Truth. There are abounding methods in the world, some of them are careful, and abounding of them are not adjourned by the government. Some of our spouses or cogent others may anticipate that some scientists are sexy, but abounding alternative adult bodies are not adjourned by the government. One of the advisers has been accustomed to alcohol a adversary of Pepsi on occasion, and some scientists burden from bendable drinks entirely. |[pic]|Points Earned: |1/1 | |Correct Answer: |B | |Your Response: |B | |2. You adhere about with the professor, who is a scientist back he’s not teaching. You beam that the assistant learns a lot about how assertive | | |parts of the apple behave, and the assistant afresh uses that advice to auspiciously adumbrate the aftereffect of an experiment. What does this | | |demonstrate? | | |A. | | |The professor’s ability is True; the assistant couldn’t accept fabricated the acknowledged anticipation afterwards alive absolutely what is action on. | | | | | |B. | |The assistant was lucky; no assistant could anytime apperceive what is action on, so a assistant who auspiciously predicted commodity charge be absolutely | | |lucky. | | | | | |C. | | |The professor’s ability is abutting to actuality True; no assistant absolutely knows what is action on, but some advisers are array of abutting to knowing| | |what is action on. | | | | | |D. |

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