Geo100 Brisbane Floods

As accustomed disasters are inevitable, it is capital that we as bodies abate the abeyant outcomes acquired by these disasters. This article will analyze the 2011 floods of Brisbane and whether able planning and alertness could accept minimised the outcome. It will added analyze the appulse the Wivenhoe Dam had on the floods and altercate whether dam maintenance; akin food and warnings could accept helped. Approximately 1 000 millimetres of condensate was recorded in January alone, which acquired the additional better flood Brisbane has accomplished aback 1974. The 2011 floods acquired astringent confusion throughout Brisbane with over 26 000 bodies accident their homes and over 5 000 businesses about the burghal either partially or absolutely flooded. It added acquired about ninety kindergartens and sixty schools to be afflicted and unusable. However, the greatest confusion was the accident of twenty-three people’s lives as a absolute aftereffect of the floods. The Queensland Government additionally suffered a above banking backlash from the floods. Over 440 actor dollars was spent in acclimation roads, bridges, ability poles and alternative attainable accessories that were destroyed. This affectionate of spending by the Government acquired belief that if able planning and alertness been implemented, the Brisbane floods could accept been mitigated. This belief added leads to the investigating of whether the Wivenhoe Dam helped or hindered the floods. The Wivenhoe Dam opened in 1985 afterwards the abundant Brisbane floods of 1974 occurred and were credible as a band-aid to anticipate added floods from accident again. All the dams, creeks and rivers surrounding the Wivenhoe Dam were affiliated that any abeyant overflow could run beeline into the Wivenhoe and accordingly accept basal accident of overflowing. However, what occurred in 2011 was not what was planned aback architecture Wivenhoe abounding years earlier. Wivenhoe Dam was congenital to authority a baptize accumulation of 1. 5 actor millilitres of water, with a accommodation to authority 1. 45 actor millilitres at Abounding Accumulation Akin or FSL. The 30 million-millilitre aberration was allocated as a assets for floodwaters to advice abate flooding. Although a assets akin had been allocated in the dam, the affair was that there had been connected and abundant condensate in the antecedent bounce months. This led to the Wivenhoe catchments actuality about abounding above-mentioned to the cloudburst that occurred in the December 2010 and January 2011. This rain added acquired the surrounding rivers and creeks to overflow causing accessory river flooding, with baptize than starting to breeze into Wivenhoe to advice anticipate above flooding. Leading up to the floods Wivenhoe ailing at 1. 50pm on Wednesday 12th of January extensive an alarming 2. 29 actor millilitres.  A day after Brisbane River ailing at 4. 46 metres at 2. 57am on Thursday 13th of January, causing above calamity to begin. It was during these two canicule that the role the SEQWater played was questioned, as they were acquainted that the dams were aerial abundant to overflow. This belief was added fuelled aback it was fabricated accepted that SEQWater alone appear 60% of the dam’s water, moments afore the flood engulfed Brisbane. SEQWater is the aggregation in allegation of the Wivenhoe and Somerset Dams and has three simple operating guidelines that they charge follow. It was credible that none of the guidelines was followed for a cardinal of reasons. Firstly this was axiomatic as aback the Wivenhoe and Somerset dams began bushing up as a aftereffect of the astringent wet weather, SEQWater did not absolution any baptize from either dam until Tuesday 11th of January. As they had larboard the baptize dabbling for too continued they had no alternative best but to absolution the baptize at already instead of gradually absolution baptize like they were brash to do from the Senior Flood Operations Engineer. After the flood occurred SEQWater declared back, “The flood compartments of the dams were abounding to a aerial akin by the aboriginal flood that there was not acceptable time to absolution this baptize above-mentioned to the additional flood arriving,”. So although the SEQWater approved to absolve their actions, it can be argued that the SEQWater aggregation and the advisers were warned a few canicule in beforehand that by absolution a baby bulk of baptize at altered times during the day would advice minimise the bulk of calamity that could accept potentially occurred. Already it was apparent that the SEQWater had accustomed abundant admonishing of abeyant warnings, the affair was advised and analysed. It was estimated that amid 11:00. Tuesday 11th of January and 19:09 Wednesday 12th of January that 518,000 millilitres of baptize was appear from Wivenhoe dam authoritative about a 60% addition to the already ascent baptize about the Brisbane area. By 6:09 pm Thursday the 13th of January the baptize abounding accomplished the Burghal Gauge was estimated to be about 866,000 millilitres and was still continuing to rise. The final abundant assay beatific out to SEQWater by the Senior Floods Operation Engineer it was analysed that if releases from the Wivenhoe dam were timed appropriately it could accept minimised the calamity that occurred. The Bureau of Meteorology accepted to be attainable through the disaster, by accouterment warnings through their condensate data. Day-to-day condensate archive and condensate maps were adapted online and fabricated calmly attainable to the attainable and those affected. The BOM additionally appear a bright admonishing to both the government and the attainable that the bulk of rain that was advancing would accept the acceptable backbone of a La Nina event. As the advice was fabricated accessible to anyone with Internet access, SEQWater and the Government could accept calmly accessed this information. By accomplishing so they would accept been able to see the abeyant blackmail the abutting abundant condensate could accept and in turn, should accept helped them accomplish a wiser decision. By allotment to avoid any array of admonishing assurance provided by the BOM, SEQWater and their advisers did annihilation about the about abounding catchment alike admitting added abundant rain was approaching. Leading to the cessation that by blank the warnings they approved poor planning and benightedness to the advice provided. Throughout this essay, it has been assured that through able planning and alertness the Brisbane Floods of 2011 could accept been mitigated. Evidence and analysis showed throughout this article clearly credibility unfavourably to the SEQWater aggregation and its team. It assured that although abounding warnings were issued, the SEQWater and government chose to avoid them and accordingly consistent in all the baptize actuality appear at once. Alike admitting this accustomed adversity could not accept been prevented through able planning and alertness it absolutely could accept been mitigated which would in about-face additionally aftereffect in basal confusion and destruction. This flood has additionally been dubbed a “dam absolution flood” by hydrologists that were appointed with the Insurance Council of Australia. The flood accumulator (or catchments) should about be kept abandoned by absolution all the baptize abounding into the flood accumulator arrangement until the authentic after flood accident is reached. Releases from the accumulator arrangement should again be called to abide beneath the authentic after flood accident until the flood accident has anesthetized or the accumulator arrangement becomes full. * If the flood accumulator arrangement becomes full, the accumulator arrangement charge again absolution all the inflows but releases should never beat inflows. Tuesday 11th or after than 19:00 Wednesday 12th rather than during this period, the flood akin at the Brisbane Burghal Gauge would not accept exceeded the Above flood level, or if 335,000 millilitres was absolved alfresco the aeon 02:00 Tuesday 10th to 08:00 Thursday 13th rather again during the period, the flood akin at the Brisbane Burghal Gauge would not accept exceeded the Moderate flood level, or if 623,000 millilitres was absolved alfresco of the aeon 13:00 Monday 10th to 21:00. REFERENCE http://www.floodcommission.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/file/0017/6443/BCC_Attachment_13__Joint_Flood_Taskforce_Report_March_2011. pdf Hemsley, May 2011, Dams and Flood Mitigation, beheld 19 April 2012, http://www. actuaries.asn. au/library/events/Other/2011/Norm%20Himsley. pdf Honert, R & McAneney J 2011, ‘The 2011 Brisbane Floods: Causes, Impacts and Implications’, Baptize Journal, Vol. , Iss. 4, pp 1149 – 1173, beheld 19 April 2012, < http://www. mdpi.com/2073-4441/3/4/1149/ Calligaris, M 2011, ‘Wivenhoe Dam absolution acquired Brisbane flood: report,’ The Brisbane Times, 11 March, beheld 19 April 2012,  http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/environment/weather/wivenhoe-dam-release-caused-brisbane-flood-report-20110311-1bqk7.html Calligaris, M 2011, ‘Brisbane flood victims to accost the destruction,’ The Brisbane Times, 14 January, beheld 21 April 2012,  http://www.risbanetimes.com.au/environment/weather/brisbane-flood-victims-to-confront-the-destruction-20110113-19q04.html Seqwater, 2011, The January 2011 Flood Event, beheld 19 April 2012, http://www.seqwater.com. au/public/sites/default/files/userfiles/Factsheet-January_2011_FloodEvent. pdf Bureau of Meteorology, Feb 2011, Brisbane Metro in January 2011: A above rain accident and astringent flooding, beheld 21 April 2012, <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/month/qld/archive/201101.brisbane.shtml O’Brien, Mar 2011, Brisbane Calamity January 2011 An Avoidable Disaster, beheld 19 April 2012, http://resources.news.com.au/files/2011/03/22/1226025/997481-aus-news-file-obrien-report-replace.pdf Bureau of Meteorology, Jan 2011, Monthly Acclimate Review Queensland January 2011, beheld 21 April 2012, <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/mwr/qld/mwr-qld-201101. pdf

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