General Management Theories

General Administration Theories: There are four accepted administration theories. 1. Frederick Taylor – Approach of Accurate Management. 2. Henri Fayol – Administrative Administration Theory. 3. Max Weber - Bureaucratic Approach of Management. 4. Elton Mayo – Behavioral Approach of Administration (Hawthorne Effect). 1. Frederick Taylor’s Approach of Accurate Management. Taylor’s approach of accurate administration aimed at, convalescent bread-and-butter efficiency, abnormally activity productivity. Taylor had a simple appearance about, what motivated bodies at work, - money. He acquainted that, workers should get a, fair day's pay for a fair day's work, and that pay, should be affiliated to the bulk produced. Therefore he alien the, DIFFERENTIAL PIECE RATE SYSTEM, of advantageous accomplishment to the workers. Taylor's Differential Piece Rate Plan. If Ability is greater than the authentic Accepted again workers should be paid 120 % of Normal Piece Rate. If Ability is beneath than accepted again workers should be paid 80% of Normal Piece Rate. Attempt of Accurate Management. Four Attempt of Accurate Administration are: 1. Time and motion study: - Study the way jobs are performed and acquisition new means to do them. 2. Teach, alternation and advance the artisan with bigger methods of accomplishing work. Codify the new methods into rules. 3. Interest of employer ; advisers should be absolutely harmonized so as to defended mutually compassionate relations amid them. 4. Establish fair levels of achievement and pay a exceptional for college performance. 2. Henri Fayol’s Administrative Administration Theory: Henri Fayol accepted as the Father Of Administration laid bottomward the 14 attempt of Management. - 1. Division of Work. 2. Equity. 3. Discipline. 4. Initiative. 5. Ascendancy and Responsibility. 6. Esprit De Corps. 7. Subordination of Individual Interest to Accepted Interest. . Stability of Tenure. 9. Remuneration. 10. Unity of Direction. 11. Centralization. 12. Scalar Chain. 14. Unity of Command. 3. Max Weber’s Bureaucratic Approach Of Administration Weber fabricated a acumen amid ascendancy and power. Weber believed that ability educes accordance through force or the blackmail of force which induces individuals to attach to regulations. According to Max Weber, there are three types of ability in an organization:- 1. Traditional Ability 2. Charismatic Ability 3. Bureaucratic Ability or Legal Power. Features of Bureaucracy: 1. Division of Labor. 2. Formal Hierarchical Structure. 3. Selection based on Technical Expertise. 4. Administration by Rules. 5. Written Documents. 6. Only Legal Ability is Important. 7. Formal and Impersonal relations. 4. Elton Mayo’s Behavioral Approach of Management: Elton Mayo's abstracts showed an access in artisan abundance was produced by the cerebral bang of actuality singled out, involved, and fabricated to feel important. Hawthorne Effect, can be abbreviated as “Employees will acknowledge absolutely to any atypical change in assignment ambiance like bigger illumination, apple-pie assignment stations, relocating workstations etc. Advisers are added advantageous because they apperceive they are actuality studied.

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