Five Stages of Hierarchical Needs
The purpose of this cardboard is to accretion a added compassionate of animal needs and the delight of that charge based on Abraham H. Maslow’s approach of “Five Stages of Hierarchical Needs”. Maslow abiding these needs in the adjustment in which man seeks to appease them. The bristles levels of needs are: physiological, safety, belongingness and love, admire and self-actualization. Maslow explained bodies remained at one akin until all their needs for that akin are annoyed again they advance to amuse the needs of the abutting akin and so on.
Maslow, however, acicular out that in absolute activity this may not be the case for absolute bodies will best acceptable be motivated in alive against charge achievement on several levels at the aforementioned time. He additionally added that that it is attenuate that a actuality will be able to amuse all bristles levels of need. II. Reason for Maslows’s Archetypal Man had congenital needs that that seeks to be gratified. Between 1943-54, Abraham H. Maslow, a attitude professor, presented bristles stages of hierarchical needs abiding in the adjustment in which a actuality seeks to appease them.
According to Maslow, the bristles levels he posited are based on clinical, empiric and beginning facts (Maslow, 1954, pp. 80-106). He added declared that behavior of bodies is motivated by these bristles levels. The abstraction of altered levels of animal needs came to him back he accomplished that there are some needs that booty antecedence over others. For example, back a man is both athirst and thirsty, he would tend to amuse aboriginal his charge for baptize afore he takes affliction of his charge for food.
In fact, man can alive after aliment for canicule but he cannot do so after water. It is because appetite is a “stronger” charge than hunger. But if a agog man is actuality afraid by someone, his charge to animation takes antecedence over his charge to alcohol (Frager & Fadiman, 1998, p. 446). II. Bristles Stages of Hierarchical Needs Maslow added subdivides bristles animal needs into two groups: aboriginal four is the akin of absence needs (physiological, safety, belongingness and love, esteem) and the aftermost is the akin of advance needs (self-actualization). 1.
Physiological The animal charge for food, drink, sex, shelter, air, warmth, sleep, etc. abatement beneath this category. These are biological needs that man should not be beggared of. These are man’s arch charge that he seeks aboriginal to appease aboriginal ( Maslow, 1943, p. 370-396) 2. Assurance Back the physiological needs are met, the charge for assurance follows. Examples of assurance needs are security, protection, order, law, limits, stability, etc. This agency that his absorption would now about-face to award safe affairs or to accomplish some array of stability.
He may appetite to get affiliated or to book a retirement plan. In a abrogating way, if he does not acquisition assurance he may be confronted with fears and anxieties (Boeree, 1998). 3. Belongingness and Adulation The charge for attention, accepting to a group, acceptance, assignment group, family, affection, relationships, etc. avalanche beneath this need. Back man’s physiological needs are met and he finds he is secure, he would now appetite friends, a sweetheart or children. He may appetite to accompany gangs or memberships in clubs or church.
In alternative words, he finds himself added absorbed in architecture affectionate relationships and a faculty of association with others. If he does not accept them, he may be faced with animosity of bareness and amusing anxieties (Boeree, 1998). 4. Admire After the aloft needs are taken cared of, man will again attending for self-esteem. According to Maslow there are two kinds of admire needs, a lower one and a college one. The lower one is the charge for the account of others which may be acquired by accepting a aerial status, actuality acclaimed or recognized, actuality a baton or accepting a acceptable reputation.
The college anatomy involves the charge for address accomplished through accepting animosity of confidence, competence, adeptness or freedom. Back the charge for self-esteem is met, man would see himself as a actuality of worth. If he is amiss with it, he may attempt with low self-esteem or inferiority complexes (Boeree, 1998). 4. Self-Actualization It is alone back all the four needs are met that man would seek for self-actualization. According to Maslow, self-actualization is prompted by a person’s “need to be” and do that which the actuality was "born to do”.
Self-actualization involves the charge for self-fulfillment, to accomplish one’s accomplished abeyant and to seek for claimed advance and aiguille adventures (“Maslow’s”, 2008). Some characteristics of a actuality who had accomplished self-actualization includes actuality realistic, contest cold rather than abstract judgment, see problems as challenges that needs to be apparent rather than as obstacles or opportunities for complaints, not actuality calmly affected by the angle or opinions of others, accepts others as they are rather than aggravating to change them or accepting the adeptness to beam at himself in animosity of who he is.
In a accepted sense, he is perceived to be a man who is emotionally, psychologically and mentally complete (Turner and Helms, 1987, p. 431). Maslow had provided examples of actual bodies who, in his judgment, had accomplished self-actualization. Among them are Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, Jane Adams, Abraham Lincoln and Thomas Jefferson (Monte, 1999, p. 738). 4. Charge Delight and Animal Motivation As declared earlier, Maslow supports the abstraction that in acceptable their needs bodies abide at one akin until all their needs at that akin are satisfied.
When lower akin needs are met, he again finds himself added anxious in acceptable the abutting college akin needs. For archetype if a actuality is athirst or agog , he will apply all his efforts to amuse his charge for aliment or alcohol afore proceeding to amuse any alternative needs. After authoritative abiding that he is not athirst or agog anymore his absorption will again about-face to acceptable assurance needs and so on. Maslow recognized, however, that in absolute activity there is added adaptability than his archetypal seems to imply.
In alternative words, absolute bodies in absolute activity may not chase his adjustment of charge delight for absolute bodies will best acceptable be motivated in alive against charge achievement on several levels at the aforementioned time(Frager & Fadiman, 1998, p. 446). For archetype a actuality may seek to appease his charge for aegis and adulation at the aforementioned time. He may accompany gangs, clubs or abbey not alone to amuse his charge to accord but additionally to accretion the account of others.
Furthermore, Maslow was quick to add that it is attenuate that a actuality will be able to amuse all bristles levels of charge because of abject capacities due to hindrances imposed by association (Frager & Fadiman, 1998, p. 446). In animosity of the actuality that charge delight does not absolutely chase the adjustment of Maslow’s bristles stages of hierarchical needs (for charge delight of assorted levels may action at the aforementioned time), in general, Maslow’s approach of bristles stages of hierarchical needs is advantageous in compassionate why man appetite this or that. IV. Conclusion
Maslow’s “Five Stages of Hierarchical Needs” enumerates the bristles needs of man that charge be gratified. Man accept physiological needs, aegis needs, and belongingness and adulation needs, admire needs and self-actualization needs. He declared that charge delight follows an order, the lower charge charge be annoyed aboriginal afore man will seek to amuse the abutting college akin of need. The adjustment may not be accurate in absolute activity however, for man may seek to amuse altered levels of charge at the aforementioned time. However, in animosity of that flaw, Maslow’s archetypal of needs is advantageous in compassionate what man wants.
V. References 1. Boeree, George. ( 1998). Personality Theories: Abraham Maslow. George Boeree’s Homepage. Retrieved February 1, 2008 from http://webspace. ship. edu/cgboer/maslow. html 2. Frager, R. & Fadiman, J. 1998, Personality and Claimed Growth, Fourth Edition, Addison Wesley Longman, New York 3. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Approach of Animal Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396. 4. Maslow, Abraham H. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, Incorporated. 5. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”.
(2008). Taken from Attitude - The Search for Compassionate by Janet A. Simons, et. al, appear 1987. Honolulu Association College. Retrieved January 30, 2008 from http://honolulu. hawaii. edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow. htm 6. Monte, C. F. (1999). Beneath the Mask: An Introduction to Theories of Personality, Sixth Edition. Orlando: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 7. Turner, J. S. & Helms, D. B. (1987), Lifep Development, Third Edition. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
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