Death of a Salesman and A Raisin in the Sun
“May I never deathwatch up from the American dream. ” Carrie Latet describes the best approved afterwards dream: the dream of a abode amidst by a white blockade fence, the dream bodies assignment their absolute lives for, the dream bodies action wars for: the American dream. However, America’s acceleration to affairs in the 19th and 20th centuries replaced this dream with the admiration to get affluent fast. This change led bodies to acquire that it is possible, accepted even, to access abundance rapidly; yet this is not the case.
Sometimes, aback an abandoned is clumsy to access such acute wealth, he actualize a faculty of apocryphal absoluteness for himself, his accepted faculty is blurred, and he sees opportunities area there are none. Characters Walter Lee Younger and Willy Loman are prime examples of this, both pinning their hopes on unattainable dreams to adumbrate the animosity of failure. The affair of apparition adjoin absoluteness is present in both Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun and Arthur Miller’s Afterlife of a Salesman through the assuming of capital characters Walter and Willy in their struggles for beatitude and prosperity.
Although the two characters acquire agnate dreams, Walter, a activating character, breach through the fantasy while Willy, a changeless character, charcoal trapped in his illusion. Willy Loman has a actual specific dream, a angled adaptation of the American dream. Willy dreams of actuality acknowledged and accouterment for his family, but additionally to be accepted and able-bodied liked: a circuit off the archetypal American dream, which is about aloof to acquire a blessed life. Driven by his charge for success and popularity, Willy ignores his calling for attributes and throws all his affection into acceptable a salesman.
Willy is alert by the adventure of Dave Singleman, his afflatus and idol. “I accomplished that affairs was the greatest career a man could want. ‘Cause what could be added acceptable than to be able to go, at the age of eighty-four, into twenty or thirty altered cities, and aces up a phone, and be remembered and admired and helped by so abounding altered people” (Miller 81). This adventure is the sole acumen for Willy’s admiration to be a acknowledged salesman, but what he does not apprehend is that Singleman’s case is one in a million.
Although he adamantly pursues a career in selling, Willy additionally recognizes his charge and admiration for attributes in his retirement plans. As he tells Linda, “Before it’s all over we’re gonna get a little abode out in the country, and I’ll accession some vegetables, a brace of chickens . . . ” (72). However, his abortion to accede attributes as his accurate affection fuels his abortion in the business apple as well. Denis Diderot concludes, “Only passions, abundant passions, can drag the body to abundant things. ” Tempted by success and money, Willy veers from his affection for the outdoors appear business, for which he has little passion.
The affair of attributes is accustomed from the play’s alpha as, “A melody is heard, played aloft a flute. It is baby and fine, cogent of grass and copse and the horizon. ”(11). This specific tune is generally associated with Willy’s character, breach him from the environment, but emphasizing the affiliation Willy has to it. Abounding would argue, Willy has set himself up for abortion by allotment the business career. In adjustment to escape the activity of dejection, Willy reverts to his falsely blithesome accomplished and creates assorted illusions for himself, seeing the apple through a bottle atramentous with admiration and failure.
One of Willy’s greatest abjure is abnegation to accompany Ben to Alaska. “If I’d gone with him to Alaska that time, aggregate would’ve been absolutely different” (45). Ben’s success in Alaska not abandoned presents Willy with the achievability of money, but it would additionally amuse his affiliation with nature. Ben’s articulation in the comedy consistently represents Willy’s acerbity of his accommodation to stay, and his anxious for a additional adventitious to booty the opportunity. Next, Willy affectionately retreats to his past, a accomplished glossed over in gold. Willy imagines a blessed and airy history with his family, including his father, whom he never absolutely knew. Ben! Please acquaint about Dad. I appetite my boys to hear. I appetite them to apperceive the affectionate of banal they bounce from. ” (48). This is ironic, because Willy doesn’t bethink his ancestor abreast from his bristles and his flute, so he would not apperceive if his ancestor would be accession to admire. Alike admitting Willy does not acquire a job, he wants so abominably to abide actuality a salesman that he still drives out to Boston and alternative cities, ambiguous his affectionate wife, Linda Loman, and in part, himself, to anticipate that he is activity on important affairs missions.
Willy lies so assuredly that, aback Ben proposes the abstraction of activity to Alaska, a abashed Linda exclaims, “You’re able-bodied liked, and the boys adulation you, and anytime – why, old man Wagner told him aloof the alternative day that if he keeps it up he’ll be a affiliate of the abutting . . . ” (85). Linda is acutely absent to the actuality that Willy is blue and miserable. Willy alike tries to prove to himself that he is happy, but the abandoned accurate acumen he charcoal a salesman is to accretion the money he believes accompanies the job. Throughout Willy’s struggle, Charley, a FOIL to Willy, is consistently at Willy’s ancillary allowance him.
Charley is Willy’s crutch, his absoluteness check, and basically his abandoned friend. While Willy fights to accumulate his ancestors afloat, Charley has a abiding job; while Willy manages his children’s lives, Charley leaves his abandoned son, Bernard, to acquisition his own path; while Willy loses his anchor on reality, Charley has a abutting butt and a akin head. Charley is the accurate archetype of the adamantine working, blessed man accomplishing the American dream. Willy’s abortion to admit his own blue accompaniment is primarily what causes his adverse downfall. As the comedy nears the end, Willy is faced with a decision.
He knows that he will not be able to assignment abundant longer, and that at some point, he will acquire to await on his sons. Willy additionally realizes that he has annihilation to canyon bottomward to his sons. The band-aid he comes up with is suicide. Willy determines that this hypothesis is accepted because it allowances his accomplished family. While talking with Ben, Willy justifies his accommodation by saying, “[Linda’s] suffered. . . Remember, it’s a affirmed twenty-thousand-dollar proposition” (125-126). Aback Biff confronts him, Willy comes to an amazing realization: “Biff – he brand me! (133). This abandoned added deepens Willy’s admiration to accomplish suicide, which would acquiesce his ancestors to aggregate the allowance money. However, the absolute acumen for Willy’s adverse end is his changeless personality. His abnegation to see the apple as it is and his abnegation to change agency that he is buried by his adulterated eyes of activity forever. Willy is never able to breach through his illusion, absolutely assertive that he is added admired asleep than alive. Finally, the accommodation is fabricated and Willy commits suicide. “The car speeds off . . . affective abroad at abounding speed. . . The music crashes bottomward in a aberration of sound, which becomes the bendable cadence of a distinct cello string” (136). The blow of the Loman ancestors is larboard alone, afterwards the allowance money. As Charley sums up at the funeral, “He had the amiss dreams. All, all, wrong” (138). Willy died because he didn’t apperceive how to coin his own path. Although he had the adventitious to about-face back, he remained a salesman because he was in it for the money. Had he afflicted his apperception and followed his heart, he would absolutely acquire had an absolutely altered end.
But that was his predicament: Willy Loman did not acquire the adeptness to change, article that Walter Lee Younger does have. Walter Lee Younger has dreams that are actual agnate to Willy’s: to accommodate for his ancestors and to be successful. Unlike Willy Loman, though, Walter’s dreams of beatitude for his ancestors in accession to success. As an African American man, Walter consistently struggles adjoin ancestral boundaries. The burden to abutment his disturbing family, including his sister and mother is a connected weight on his back. Walter informs Mama, “I appetite so abounding things that they are active me crazy . . Sometimes it’s like I can see the approaching continued out in advanced of me . . . Aloof cat-and-mouse for me – a big, looming bare amplitude – abounding of nothing” (73). Like any ancestor or husband, Walter badly wants a adequate and agreeable life. The astriction amid Walter and his wife, Ruth, partially stems from Walter’s disability to accord with his low income, low chic job. “I accessible and abutting doors all day long. I drive a man about in a auto and I say ‘Yes, sir; no, sir; actual good, sir . . . that ain’t no affectionate of job . . . that ain’t annihilation at all” (73).
Not abandoned is Walter annoyed with his job as a auto driver, but he is ashamed by it. Walter is desperate, but as a atramentous man, his options for a new activity are bound to those of a agnate ability to his accepted job. However, Walter finds an befalling that could about-face his activity around. “I been out talking with bodies who acquire me. Bodies who affliction about what I got on my mind. ” (87), “. . . we got it ample out, me and Willy and Bobo” (33). Inspired by this new hope, Walter envisions a approaching of abundance and happiness. This is mostly fueled by Walter’s idol: Charlie Atkins.
Similar to Willy’s admiration with Dave Singleman, Walter believes that Atkins, who owns a dry charwoman business which grosses $100,000 per year, is success incarnate. Atkins is Walter’s afflatus for his own dream of affairs liquor abundance with Bobo and Willy Harris, which could be fabricated accessible by the allowance money from his father’s death. In accession to his dreams for himself, Walter additionally has dreams for his son. Like best fathers, he wants a bigger activity for his son, “Just acquaint me area you appetite to go to academy and you’ll go. Aloof acquaint me, what it is you appetite to be – and you’ll be it . . . Whatever you appetite to be – Yessir!
You aloof name it, son . . . and I duke you the world! ” (109). Although Walter has all the aforementioned dreams as a white man of his age, they are harder to access due to ancestral boundaries, and Walter charge acquisition a way to affected these limitations. With so abounding things amateurish in his life, Walter sees money as a band-aid to his problems. For the Youngers, the attribute of money represents a new house, new accouterment and shoes for everyone, abnormally forWalter’s son, Travis, added aliment for their table, apprenticeship for Travis and Walter’s sister, Beneatha, as able-bodied as the bottomward acquittal on Walter’s liquor store.
When Mama questions Walter “How appear you allocution so abundant ‘bout money” (74), Walter responds, “it is life, Mama! . . . it was consistently about money, Mama. We aloof didn’t apperceive about it” (74). It is acrid that Walter comments that money is life, because the best cogent money in the Younger ancestors comes from Big Walter’s $10,000 activity allowance check. As Asagai explains to Beneatha, “Isn’t there article amiss in a abode – in a apple – area all dreams, acceptable or bad, charge depend on the afterlife of a man? ” (135). The apparition Walter holds that money is activity contrasts with the absoluteness that the money comes from death.
Later, Walter becomes actual balked as he realizes how arbitrary the apple is, “Somebody acquaint me – acquaint me, who decides which woman is acquire to abrasion chaplet in this world. I acquaint you I am a man – and I anticipate my wife should abrasion some chaplet in this world” (143). Because of all this pent-up affliction and disappointment, Walter reverts to Willy Harris and Bobo’s plan for a antecedent of abundance and hope. His agony clouds his accepted sense, and aback Mama entrusts him with the actual allowance money, Walter invests all of it in the liquor store, alike that advised for Beneatha’s education.
Despite his poor decision, Walter has a “newfound exuberance” (112). He absolutely believes that this new accord will about-face his ancestors about in a new direction, “I got wings! You got wings! All God’s accouchement got wings! ” (125). However, things booty a circuit aback Bobo arrives with the anxious account that Willy Harris, appear as a con man, has abolished with the money. Walter’s atheism is bright as he realizes that all of the achievement he has congenital up over the liquor abundance has abolished like a beam of lightening.
Now that all of the allowance money is gone on Walter’s watch, he is alike added amenable for his family’s atrocious state. Luckily, he is presented with a adventitious to redeem himself. Afore the alarming account that Willy Harris blanket the Younger’s allowance money arrives, Walter is acutely confident. He is alike accommodating to abet with Mama’s plan to move into their new abode in Clybourne Park, a plan Walter had ahead opposed. Aback Karl Lindner arrives to actuate the Youngers not to move into their new house, Walter confronts him. “We told him to get out! . . . Oh, we was some appreciative association this afternoon . . ” (142). However, afterwards the abhorrent account of the absent allowance money is disclosed, Walter is not so sure-footed. He realizes the difficult banking situation, not to acknowledgment the peril that this move will put them in. Ruth, who badly wants to move, reads her husband’s averseness and questions him, “You talking ‘bout demography them people’s money to accumulate us from affective in that house? ” (142) and Walter replies, “I’m cogent you that’s what’s activity to happen! ” (142). Despite his able assessment about not moving, Walter adventures a change of affection aback Lindner returns.
He realizes how abundant the adventitious to alive is absolutely account as he sees the abeyant for Travis, Beneatha, and alike for himself and Ruth, and how abundant the new abode will advice anniversary of them to abound and flourish. Counter to Willy Loman, Walter learns to amount life, acquirements that money does not necessarily accord you a blissful, airy life. Walter asserts to Lindner, “We acquire all anticipation about your action . . . and we acquire absitively to move into our abode because my ancestor – my ancestor – he becoming it for us brick by brick. . . . Travis . . . my son . . . he makes the sixth bearing of our ancestors in this country . . And that’s my sister over there and she’s activity to be a doctor – and we are actual appreciative . . . we are actual appreciative people” (148). Walter’s activating appearance allows him to appear from his atramentous aperture of despair, a affection that Willy Loman lacked, accordingly triggering his own adverse downfall. Now that he is able to acquire his aberration of accident all of the allowance money and has burst the apparition that it is accessible for anybody to be as acknowledged and affluent as Charlie Atkins, and that boundless abundance does not agree to happiness, Walter can absolutely acknowledge his life, abnormally his admiring family.
From a aboriginal look, the Younger and Loman families could not be added different. Through accurate analysis, though, one finds that they are astoundingly similar. Both animate chic families, they consistently attempt to advance their accepted standards of living, a attempt fabricated abundant added difficult by the alert illusions Walter Lee and Willy adhere to. The affair of apparition adjoin absoluteness is basic in both A Raisin in the Sun and Afterlife of a Salesman, demonstrating the acrid absoluteness that a person’s activity will never be perfect, and that some bodies will use beneficiary acuteness to ample in the gaps. The sad accuracy is that some people, like Willy Loman, are never able to breach through the illusion. Bent on success and popularity, Willy renders himself victim to his apperception forever, catastrophe in afterlife for him, and tragedy for his family. Others, such as Walter Lee Younger, acquire the close backbone all-important to breach chargeless from this perfect, abstract apple to see that all they want, all they need, and all they seek, is appropriate afore them.
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