Question 1: The analogue of assets is in FASB Concept Statement 6, branch 25: Assets are apparent approaching bread-and-butter allowances acquired or controlled by a accurate article as a aftereffect of accomplished affairs or events.
Paragraph 26 again describes the leash of characteristics that authorize an account as an asset: an asset has three basic characteristics: (a) it embodies a apparent approaching account that involves a capacity, apart or in aggregate with alternative assets, to accord anon or alongside to approaching net banknote inflows, (b) a accurate article can admission the account and ascendancy others’ admission to it, and (c) the transaction or alternative accident giving acceleration to the entity’s appropriate to or ascendancy of the account has already occurred.
Question 2: The capitalized band costs were operating costs and should not accept been advised like a basic asset. On the one hand, one of WorldCom's above operating costs was its alleged "line costs. " These were fees paid to third affair telecommunications arrangement providers for the appropriate to admission the third parties' networks. Under GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles), these fees cannot be capitalized.
They charge be taken as actual costs and subtracted from income. On the alternative hand, the added band amount lies in the long-term, fixed-rate leases for arrangement accommodation WorldCom accomplished in adjustment to accommodated the advancing access in chump demand. And as after the appeal was not as expected, the Company has to pay for the leases that were essentially underutilized to abstain castigating abortion provisions.
The band costs that WorldCom capitalized were ongoing, operating costs that accounting rules appropriate WorldCom to admit immediately. Instead of amount the amount currently, WorldCom capitalized it to amplify its pre-tax income. Approaching bread-and-butter account is the aspect of an asset. WorldCom capitalized balance accommodation costs that were not breeding revenue, which violates GAAP. Amount or a accident would be accustomed aloft affirmation that ahead accustomed asset allowances would not be realized.
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