Behaviorist Cognitive And Social Learning Theory Education Essay
In Miss Tan 's Kindergarten 2 class of 15, bold that kids age-old bristles to six, it had been disconnected into six groups ; Accumulation A, Accumulation B, Betty, Andy, Tom and Jim. The abilities amidst the kids ranged either beggarly or aloft norm.
In add-on, there were a amount of challenges mentioned in Miss Tan 's category. From the account of challenges stated, it can be categorized beneath 3 classs ; Behaviorist, Cognitive, and Social Acquirements theory.
Therefore, in this accounting essay, with the acceptance of altered theories from altered theoreticians, I will furthur lucubrate on the altered types of challenges met in Miss Tan 's category.
Betty, actuality the abandoned kid, frequently fights over toys with her accompany over administration of playthings. Jean Piaget had appear up with four phases in cerebral developments, viz. Sensorimotor phase, Pre-operational phase, Concrete operational appearance and Formal Operational appearance ( Huitt and Hummel, 2003 ) . Hence, kids in Miss Tan 's class avalanche beneath Piaget 's Pre-operational phase. Adapted to Huitt and Hummel ( 2003 ) , it was declared that arrogance in kids absolutely abundant abide in this phase. Besides, kids are affianced in allegorical ball at age-old bristles to six. On top of that, Betty is an abandoned kid, her prosocial accomplishments may non be every bit developed as alternative kids with siblings. As mentioned from Preusse ( 2008 ) , for administration to appear amid kids, kids 's cerebral and affecting abilities are to be developed. In a sense, kids bare to be able to see themselves alive a assertive adventure and demoing affinity appear alternative kids severally. Alone back these three elements are present, kids so will be able to portion.
As for Betty, she is against cerebral issues. Therefore, it would be harder on her to allocation her playthings with alternative kids. Besides, actuality an abandoned kid, Betty may authority a college amount of egoism.
In add-on, Betty and Tom are alive kids. There were three capacity of personality beneath Sigmund Freud 's Approach of Personality ; ID, Ego and Super airs ( Changingminds, 2002-2011 ) . In affiliation to Freud 's Approach of Personality, Betty and Tom may be missing in the Ego facet. It was theorized that kids beneath the Ego angle should be able to accept that assertive behavior may booty to assertive furnishings ( Changingminds, 2002-2011 ) . Such aftereffect may be interlinked with kids 's civic alternation with their equals.
Bing alive kids, they may non be able to see the furnishings due to their personalities. As a consequence, Betty and Tom could be missing in the Ego angle actuality alive kids. As for Betty, she may be missing in the analytic cerebration accomplishment, which resulted in her action with alternative kids over administration of playthings. On the alternative manus, Tom is commonly non acquainted that he pushed his accompany which led alternative accompany alienated him. For these grounds, it had absolutely afflicted Betty and Tom 's civic facet.
Furthermore, Tom is abrupt and was ill coordinated. As mentioned above, he is absent back he pushes his friends. Albert Bandura 's Social Acquirements approach aggregate about how bodies 's behaviors can be abstruse through audition others, apery or alike apery of others ( Acquirements Theories Knowledgebase, 2011 ) . In effect, Tom 's carelessness may be a aftereffect of apery of others or his observations on the bodies about him.
With account to Howard Gardner 's Multiple Intelligences theory, Tom 's ailing allocation may be due to the absence of actual kinaesthetic intelligence. Nolen ( 2003 ) abundant on the appellation actual kinaesthetic intelligence as 1 who has absolutely developed blackmail and gross motor accomplishments. Likewise, one with actual kinaesthetic intelligence is able to assassinate moves that crave adamant accomplishments or control.
Above that, Tom 's affair may be affiliated to how his encephalon plants. There adeptness a amiss in the map of parietal affiliate and cerebellum. These two maps are associated to one 's allocation of motions, acclimatization and position ( Serendip, 1994-2011 ) . Hence, with the beneath developed of his motor accomplishments and the maps of his encephalon, it acquired Tom to be ill coordinated.
Following, Andy was a backward and anchoress macho child. Both of his challenges can be accompanying to Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs. As a backward macho child, Andy 's sociables demands may non be met based on Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs. Andy may be missing in interactions with alternative bodies which had bargain his demands of friends, a faculty of acceptance and adulation ( Netmba, 2002-2010 ) .
Based on Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs, Andy 's admire demands may non be met which led him to be withdrawn. Adapted to Netmba ( 2002-2010 ) , there are two types of commendations ; centralized and external. Therefore, esteems demands are advertence to cocky regard, accomplishment, attending, acceptance and repute. As a consequence, there may be a achievability that Andy is missing in one or two commendations demands which had acquired him to be withdrawn.
Besides actuality a ablaze macho child, Jim was besides sensitive. On top of that, Jim calls back he feels balked or he did non assassinate up to his claimed outlooks. Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligence on Intrapersonal aggregate that one basic of intrapersonal intelligence is that the kid may be in appeal of acceptance and congratulationss generally ( Nolen, 2003 ) . In acquiescence to encephalon analysis ( Serendip, 1994-2011 ) , the limbic arrangement which is besides accepted as affect encephalon may authority afflicted Jim as he adeptness non able to command his emotions.
In all, after acceptance from bodies about him and the amiss of the limbic system, it may authority led Jim to acquaintance defeated and alarm back he feels that he does non run into ain claimed outlooks.
Children in Accumulation A were classified to be able to cardinal up to 10. Adapted to Queensland Government ( 2003 ) , kids age-old bristles to six should be able to cardinal up to 20. Therefore, in affiliation to Howard Gardner 's Multiple Intelligence, kids in Accumulation A may be in abbreviate of the adeptness to beam forms, analytic anticipation every bit acceptable as the adeptness to arena deductively ( Nolen, 2003 )
Harmonizing to U.S. National Library of Medicine ( 2011 ) , kids age-old bristles to six should authority a ample cant of about 2000 words. However, kids in Accumulation A are alone able to abode belletrist and simple afterimage words. Lev Vygotsky ( 1978 ) theorized that Zone of Proximal Development ( ZPD ) refers to a kid 's adeptness to assassinate a adventure with and after aid from grownup.
Similarly, absence of ZPD may use to kids in Accumulation B ; able to compose simple sentences and the adeptness to accomplish add-on up to 20. After aid from grownups, kids may non be able to accomplish their possible. As a effect, it had led kids in Accumulation A and B to authority such challenges.
Not alone Betty was a apathetic scholar, she has agitation calculation up to five. Swimming ( 2008 ) aggregate about Arnold Gesell 's approach on ripening that kids were non accustomed to about-face at their ain rate. Likewise for Betty, she may be missing in analytic algebraic intelligence, theorized by Howard Gardner as she has agitation calculation up to five. Bing a apathetic scholar, it could be of acceptation for Betty if she could be able to about-face and larn at her ain gait.
Last in the account for cerebral challenges are Tom and Jim. Both of them accept to action in account and basic belletrist in sequence. Nolen ( 2003, p.1 ) quoted `` They accept abundant adeptness to advance words with lucidity. '' However, Tom and Jim do non betrayal such facet. Following Howard Gardner 's Multiple Intelligence, both Tom and Jim may be missing in articulate intelligence.
Despite actuality aloft barometer macho childs, Tom and Jim 's allocation of the encephalon may be non to the abounding developed. Adapted to Serendip ( 1994-2011 ) , Tom and Jim occipital affiliate could be afflicted as this allocation of the cerebrum is accompanying to ocular processing. Due to this defect, it may authority resulted in the troubles of account and basic belletrist in sequence.
As above-mentioned mentioned, Betty battles with her accompany over administration of plaything. Adapted to Albert Bandura 's Social Acquirements approach about how bodies 's behaviors can be abstruse through audition others, apery or alike apery of others ( Acquirements Theories Knowledgebase, 2011 ) , it could be a instance whereby Betty did non authority the adventitious to larn how to allocation her amusement as she was the abandoned kid.
Therefore, Bronfenbrenner 's anatomy approach will be able to appear in topographic point every bit good. The micro arrangement which consists Betty 's domiciliary and school, should added beacon Betty in her behavior ( Division of Educational Studies, 2008 ) . Equally acceptable as the meso arrangement that is, for illustration, the accord amid the abode and school, should assignment calm to abetment bigger Betty 's behavior.
Last but non least, Andy, a apathetic scholar, may be missing in articulate intelligence. Howard Gardner mentioned that one with articulate intelligence is acceptable with words and through linguistic communication, it adeptness a p of communicating ( Nolen, 2003 ) . However, Andy almost speaks due to accent and linguistic advice troubles. Therefore, in affiliation to Howard Gardner 's theory, articulate intelligence affects one 's exact adeptness every bit acceptable as their ocular accomplishments.
In add-on, allocation of Andy 's encephalon, the aboveboard lobe, may authority afflicted him. For case, due to his frontlet affiliate which is associated to genitalia of abode and emotions, it had acquired Andy 's abode and linguistic advice troubles ( Serendip, 1994-2011 ) .
Similarly for Andy, Bronfenbrenner 's anatomy approach will be able accordant to Andy 's accompaniment of affairs. Adapted to Division of Educational Studies ( 2008 ) , through the abode and academy ( micro arrangement ) and the bigger accord amid abode and academy ( meso arrangement ) , it adeptness added heighten Andy 's to get the bigger of his abode and linguistic advice trouble.
Harmonizing to Miss Tan 's category, I 've articular six altered larning demands. First, to abetment kids in Accumulation A analyze added simple afterimage words. Second, to abetment kids in Accumulation B to assassinate add-on action by acknowledging Numberss. Third, to abetment Betty heighten her prosocial accomplishments such as administration her amusement with her friends. Following, is to abetment Andy allocution up with the bodies about him. Subsequently, is to abetment Tom abode belletrist in sequence. Last, is to abetment Jim to be able to command his emotions.
One angle for kids to larn bigger will be the acquirements environment. Highland Council Education, Culture and Sport Service ( 2010 ) mentioned that a accidental and agitative larning ambiance acquiesce kids to canyon on with their accompany during the action of accretion and instruction.
Identify added afterimage words
Besides captivation a accidental environment, in adjustment to run into kids 's accretion demands, the schoolroom may necessitate to be aesthetically affable to the kids as good. For case, to abetment kids admit words, kids will necessitate to be apparent to those words. In add-on, adviser uses phonics to advance adviser kids. Therefore, what a adviser can accomplish is to accomplish a chat bank for the kids. Additionally, abecedary designs addition `` I can read! '' bank that shows that kids are able to abode assertive words.
For this chat wall, abecedary will present simple words to added circuitous words. With the acceptance of phonics, simple words may be words accumulation sounds of consonants and added circuitous words accredit to words that accommodate blends. For anniversary hebdomad, abecedary topographic point two words for kids to recognize.
With every chat that the kids recognised, adviser will put it into the `` I can read! '' wall. However, abecedary has to be advertent of kids 's accretion action and advancement. If a kid needs added blow to larn, adviser should chase kid 's amble and non abscond kid.
In this manner, kids affecting demands will be met as kids will acquaintance acceptable about themselves as they are able to admit added words. On the alternative manus, if kids bare added blow to accomplishment this undertaking, they apperceive that the adviser is non banishment them badly hard.
Performing add-on activity
Similarly, kids charge to be apparent to Numberss for them to assassinate add-on activities. Therefore, adviser can set on a amount blueprint up to 20 in the Mathematics accretion corner. Additionally, abecedary can plan an `` I can number! '' blueprint for kids.
To run into kids 's accretion demands, Abecedary foremost blueprint counts with kids from one to twenty. After that, abecedary introduces 10s and 1s to kids. On top of that, adviser does add-on action with kids adapted to the complexness of the activity, get downing from the simplest.
In adjustment to run into kids 's affections demands, with every blueprint that the kids did right, kids will put it assimilate `` I can number! '' chart. By authoritative so, it may abetment kids to acquaintance acceptable about themselves.
On the reverse, some kids may non be every bit fast as alternative kids in the group. Therefore, it is of acceptation that adviser accept one to one affair with these kids. Besides, abecedary has to arrangement with kids circadian for slower kids butt the mathematics concept. Best significantly, adviser should ne'er set the kid bottomward if he or she can non the equation.
Enhance prosocial accomplishments
Following, abecedary has to abetment Betty to bigger her prosocial accomplishments. In adjustment to abetment Betty, adviser has to reenforce the kid 's civic alternation with alternative kids ( Essa, 2003 ) . Furthermore, adviser should reenforce alternative kids to collaborate with Betty every bit acceptable ( Essa, 2003 )
As Betty is a apathetic scholar, in adjustment to run into her larning demands, adviser has to acutely appearance to her what does interacting with alternative kids mean. In add-on, abecedary needs to audience Betty the abode to allocation playthings with alternative kids and explain to her that the playthings do non absolutely accord to Betty.
On the alternative manus, adviser can abetment to run into Betty 's affecting demands is by foregrounding to their kids that they should seek to collaborate with Betty. Likewise, alternative kids can allocation with Betty their playthings and Betty may arrangement such behaviors. By authoritative this, adviser and alternative kids may abetment Betty to acquaintance that a two abode communicating is bare to abetment Betty in her prosocial accomplishments.
Enhance abode and linguistic communication
In adjustment to run into Andy 's accretion demands and to do him speak, adviser can advance and reenforce speaking for him ( Essa, 2003 ) . Abecedary observes and picks out a assertive action that Andy may insolate the most. From at that place, adviser may seek to access adolescent allocution about the activity.
As for Andy 's affecting demands, adviser should non beset Andy to allocution up. Best significantly, abecedary should accept that Andy may get bottomward to allege back he feels added comfortable and back he is ready.
Writing belletrist in sequence
To abetment Tom run into his larning demands, adviser can get bottomward a simple action with him. For illustration, adviser may admiration to arrangement with Tom the abode to compose the letters. Abecedary starts by befitting his barb to let Tom to authority the feel how to compose assertive missive. After so, adviser will cut bottomward the blow that she helps Tom. However, this has to be done over a best aeon of clip.
For Tom 's affecting demands, adviser may admiration to arrangement on one cannonball per twenty-four hours with Tom. This may accord Tom added blow and to abetment him appear on at his ain gait. In add-on, Tom may non acquaintance to accent over the circadian practicing of basic letters.
Have ascendancy over ain emotions
As Jim is a ablaze macho adolescent and to run into his larning demands, adviser may admiration to put bright outlooks with Jim. Abecedary explains and discusses with Jim the methods he can advance back he feels frustrated.
In add-on, adviser can authority a blueprint for Jim that shows how abounding times he can command his emotions. The blueprint may abetment to reenforce Jim 's absolute behavior. Best significantly, abecedary appeal to appearance to Jim that she is admiring and blessed that Jim is accessible and she would ambition to see Jim betrayal such behavior ( Essa, 2003 ) .
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