astronomy, answer these question in few words

  READING--Chapter 1--Science and the Universe: A Brief Tour Be able to put assorted things in our cosmos in adjustment from abutting to farthest, and from aboriginal to largest. Explain the aberration amid the solar system, the galaxy, and the universe. Talk about how big the cosmos is. READING--Chapter 2--Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy Define the capital actualization of the angelic sphere Explain the arrangement astronomers use to call the sky Describe how motions of the stars arise to us on Earth Describe how motions of the Sun, Moon, and planets arise to us on Earth Understand the avant-garde acceptation of the appellation constellation READING--Chapter 3--Orbits and Gravity Explain Kepler's aboriginal two laws of all-embracing motion Describe Newton’s three laws of motion Define mass, volume, and body and how they differ Explain what determines the backbone of gravitt Explain how an article (such as a satellite) can be put into apogee about Earth Explain how an article (such as a all-embracing probe) can escape from orbit READING--Chapter 4--Earth, Moon, and Sky Explain how adapted ascent and atrophy are acclimated to map the sky Describe how the angle of Earth’s arbor causes the seasons Understand how calendars alter amid altered cultures Explain the account of the lunar phases Understand how the Moon rotates and revolves about Earth Describe what causes tides on Earth Explain why the amplitude of tides changes during the advance of a month Describe what causes lunar and solar eclipses READING--Chapter 5--Radiation and Spectra Understand the bands of the electromagnetic spectrum and how they alter from one another Understand how anniversary allotment of the spectrum interacts with Earth’s atmosphere Explain how astronomers apprentice the agreement of a gas by analytical its ashen lines Discuss the assorted types of spectra Describe the anatomy of atoms and the apparatus of nuclei Explain the behavior of electrons aural atoms and how electrons collaborate with ablaze to move amid action levels Explain how discharge band spectra and assimilation band spectra are formed Explain why the ashen curve of photons we beam from an article will change as a aftereffect of the object’s motion adjoin or abroad from us Describe how we can use the Doppler aftereffect to deduce how ample altar are affective through space READING--Chapter 6--Astronomical Instruments Describe the capital functions of a telescope Recognize the better visible-light and bittersweet telescopes in operation today Discuss the factors accordant to allotment an adapted telescope site Why do astronomers use spectrometers? Can we "hear" radio waves? Identify the world’s better radio telescopes List the advantages of authoritative ample observations from space Explain the accent of the Hubble Space Telescope READING--Chapter 7--Other Worlds: An Introduction to the Solar System Describe how the altar in our solar arrangement are identified, explored, and characterized Describe the types of baby bodies in our solar system, their locations, and how they formed Be able to draw a map of the solar system. Describe the characteristics of the behemothic planets, earthbound planets, and baby bodies in the solar system Explain what influences the temperature of a planet’s surface Explain why there is geological action on some planets and not on others Explain how astronomers can acquaint whether a all-embracing apparent is geologically adolescent or old Describe altered methods for dating planets (Tinder is not an adequate answer, but conceivably OKCupid?) READING--Chapter 8--The Earth as a Planet Describe the apparatus of Earth’s autogenous and explain how scientists bent its structure Specify the origin, size, and admeasurement of Earth’s alluring field Explain the aberration amid acclimate and climate Describe the causes and furnishings of the atmospheric greenhouse aftereffect and all-around warming Explain the absence of appulse craters on Earth compared with alternative planets and moons READING--Chapter 9--Cratered Worlds How big is the Moon, compared to the Earth? Differentiate amid the above apparent actualization of the Moon: crater, maria, highlands, peak, ray Describe the backdrop of the lunar soil, additionally alleged regolith. Explain the action of appulse atrium formation Discuss the use of atrium counts to actuate about ages of lunar landforms Describe the top three aboriginal hypotheses of the accumulation of the Moon Summarize the accepted “giant impact” abstraction of how the Moon formed Describe Mercury’s basal anatomy and agreement (at atomic 10 facts) Summarize our account about the agent and change of Mercury READING--Chapter 10--Earthlike Planets: Venus and Mars Compare the basal concrete backdrop of Earth, Mars, and Venus, including their orbits Learn 10 facts about Venus Explain what the abstraction of craters on Venus tells us about the age of its surface Explain why the apparent of Venus is brusque to animal life Explain how the greenhouse aftereffect has led to aerial temperatures on Venus Learn 10 facts about Mars Discuss the capital missions that accept explored Mars Describe the assorted actualization begin on the apparent of Mars Compare the volcanoes and canyons on Mars with those of Earth Describe the accepted altitude on the apparent of Mars Describe the accepted agreement of the atmosphere on Mars Explain what we apperceive about the arctic ice caps on Mars and how we apperceive it Describe the affirmation for the attendance of baptize in the accomplished history of Mars Summarize the affirmation for and adjoin the achievability of action on Mars READING--Chapter 11--The Behemothic Planets Provide an overview of the agreement of the behemothic planets. Do not say that Uranus and Neptune are fabricated of gas. Describe the accepted actualization and circling of the behemothic planets Describe the agreement and anatomy of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune Compare and adverse the centralized calefaction sources of the behemothic planets Describe the analysis and characteristics of the behemothic planets’ alluring fields Characterize the behemothic planets’ wind and acclimate patterns Understand the calibration and constancy of storms on the behemothic planets READING--Chapter 12--Rings, Moons, and Pluto Name the above moons of anniversary of the jovian planets Planetary Fact Sheet.pdf Explain what may be amenable for the abnormal actualization on the icy apparent of Europa Describe the above appropriate appropriate of Io Explain how flat armament accomplish the geological action we see on Europa and Io Explain how the blubbery atmosphere of Titan makes bodies of aqueous on its apparent possible Describe what we abstruse from the landing on Titan with the Huygens probe Define "planet" Name new dwarf planets apparent in our solar system Describe advice about Pluto’s apparent deduced from the New Horizons image Describe the two theories of all-embracing arena formation Explain how the rings of Uranus and Neptune alter in agreement and actualization from the rings of Saturn Describe how arena anatomy is afflicted by the attendance of moons READING--Chapter 13--Comets and Asteroids: Debris of the Solar System Describe the agreement and allocation of the assorted types of asteroids Recognize the blackmail that near-Earth altar represent for Earth Discuss accessible arresting strategies to assure our planet Characterize the accepted concrete actualization of comets Describe the agreement of the Oort cloud Describe trans-Neptunian and Kuiper-belt objects Explain the proposed fate of comets that access the close solar system READING--Chapter 14--Cosmic Samples and the Agent of the Solar System Explain the aberration between: meteors, meteorites, comets, asteroids Explain what a meteor is and why it is arresting in the night sky Describe the origins of meteor showers Explain the agent of meteorites and the aberration amid a meteor and a meteorite Summarize the concrete changes during the solar billow date of solar arrangement formation Describe the capital contest of the added change of the solar system Explain the two primary methods for apprehension of exoplanets Compare the capital characteristics of alternative all-embracing systems with the actualization of the solar system Describe the geological action during the change of the planets, decidedly on the earthbound planets

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