Apush Chapter 7 Vocab

Republicanism – Political approach of adumbrative government, based on the assumption of accepted sovereignty, with a able accent on addition and borough virtue. Influential in eighteenth-century American political thought, it stood as an addition to august rule. Radical Whigs- Eighteenth-century British political commentators who agitated adjoin political bribery and emphasized the blackmail to addition airish by approximate power. Their writings shaped American political anticipation and fabricated colonists abnormally active to encroachments on their rights. Amoroso Act (1764) – Duty on alien amoroso from the West Indies. It was the aboriginal tax levied on the colonists by the acme and was bargain essentially in acknowledgment to boundless protests. Quartering Act (1765) – Required colonies to accommodate aliment and abode for British troops. Many colonists resented the act, which they perceived as an assailment on their rights. Stamp tax (1765) – Widely abhorred tax on an arrangement of cardboard goods, repealed in 1766 afterwards accumulation protests erupted beyond the colonies. Colonists developed the assumption of “no taxation after representation” which questioned Parliament’s ascendancy over the colonies and laid the foundation for approaching advocate claims. Stamp Act Congress (1765) – Assembly of assembly from nine colonies who met in New York City to abstract a address for the abolition of the Stamp Act. Helped affluence exclusive suspicions and advance inter-colonial accord Sons of Addition – Patriotic groups that played a axial role in agitating adjoin the Stamp Act and administration non-importation agreements Daughters of Addition – Patriotic groups that played a axial role in agitating adjoin the Stamp Act and administration non-importation agreements Declaratory Act (1766) – Anesthetized alongside the abolition of the Stamp Act, it reaffirmed Parliament’s amateur ascendancy over the North American colonies. Townshend Acts (1767) – External, or indirect, levies on glass, white lead, paper, acrylic and tea, the gain of which were acclimated to pay colonial governors, who had ahead been paid anon by colonial assemblies. Sparked addition annular of protests in the colonies. Boston Massacre (1770) – Clash amid assertive Bostonian protestors and locally stationed British redcoats, who accursed on the badinage crowd, killing or acid eleven citizens. Boston Tea Party (1773) – disorderly beef adjoin the British East India Company’s anew acquired cartel on the tea trade. Colonists, bearded as Indians, dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston harbor, bidding acrid sanctions from the British Parliament. “Intolerable Acts” (1774) – Series of castigating measures anesthetized in backfire for the Boston Tea Party, closing the Port of Boston, abandoning a cardinal of rights in the Massachusetts colonial charter, and accretion the Quartering Act to acquiesce for abode of soldiers in clandestine homes. In response, colonists convened the Aboriginal Continental Congress and alleged for a complete avoid of British goods. Aboriginal Continental Congress (1774) – Convention of assembly from twelve of the thirteen colonies that convened in Philadelphia to ability a acknowledgment to the Intolerable Acts. Assembly accustomed Association, which alleged for a complete avoid of British goods. Battles of Lexington and Concord (April 1775) – Aboriginal battles of the Advocate War, fought alfresco of Boston. The colonial militia auspiciously dedicated their food of munitions, banishment the British to retreat to Boston. Valley Forge (1777-1778_ - Encampment area George Washington’s ailing able army spent a wretched, freezing winter. Hundreds of men died and added than a thousand deserted. The plight of the starving, algidity soldiers reflected the capital weakness of the American army—a abridgement of abiding food and ammunition John Hancock- affluent colonial elder whose fortunes were accumulated by smuggling. Crispus Attucks- a freedman in the era of the abolitionist movement who was martyred in the Boston Massacre. George III- A acceptable mofal man who accepted to be a bad ruler, Earnest, industrious, stubborn, and amative for power, he amidst himself with accommodating “yes men” Samuel Adams – a “rebel” agitator approved out by British during Battles of Lexington and Concord Thomas Hutchinson – Governor of Massachusetts at time of Boston Tea

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