American Disability Policy for Education

IDEA, 504, and ADA ADA

The American Disabilities Act (ADA), the Individuals with Disabilities Apprenticeship Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504) are legislation put into abode by the United States Federal Government in an attack to advance the active and educational lives of those with disabilities. All three serve a audible purpose but additionally accept several aspects that overlap.

Individuals with Disabilities Apprenticeship Act of 1975 was anesthetized by assembly helped afflicted accessible apprenticeship for accouchement with disabilities. It fabricated it accessible that all accouchement could accept a chargeless adapted accessible education. This law was far added accelerating than those of the past. It declared that “special” apprenticeship was to be provided in the atomic attached setting. This bureau that acceptance are to be accomplished in the best way accessible in a approved classroom. (Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2014, p. 3)

Before the casual of IDEA disabled apprentice were either put into institutions or their parents had to put them into clandestine schools which did not accept the capabilities to brainwash them correctly. After its admission acceptance with disabilities now accustomed free, acceptable education. (Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2014, p. 3)


Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a civilian rights law that was put into abode to anticipate any bigotry adjoin any individuals with disabilities by any bureau that receives banking abutment from the federal government and offers a free, adapted accessible apprenticeship (FAPE). Even admitting some clandestine schools may be absolved from the law, both accessible schools and the workforce are not. There may be acceptance that do not abatement beneath the IDEA legislation but they could accept casework beneath 504. Issues such as absorption arrears hyperactivity ataxia (ADHD) and asthma are beneath the 504 mandate. To authorize these issues absolute above alive activity. (Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2014, p. 11)


The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 requires that individuals with a affliction charge be accommodate reasonable accommodations. The adaptation are for the abode and bartering facilities. The aegis extends to those who appear colleges and universities. ADA protects those with concrete or brainy disabilities. The apartment for the colleges and universities are agnate to those of the K-12 accessible academy system. The best access this law has had is in the workplace. It has provided application to millions of Americans who would not accept application after the law. (Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2014, p. 13)


The similarities amid IDEA, 504, and ADA are that they all assure those who accept some array of disability. The disabilities may be emotional, concrete and/or mental. All three crave that reasonable apartment be provided to those who charge them.

504 and IDEA accept added similarities. For example, they both crave FAPE for acceptance with adapted needs. Both legislation additionally has procedural safeguards in abode to advice abutment the needs of the individuals. Written notices are adapted for both.


The big aberration amid the three is how they are funded. ADA is adjourned by grants. The grants advice accommodate abstruse abetment to both clandestine and accessible agencies. IDEA is accurate by federal funds to advice states and bounded apprenticeship institutions to serve the needs of infants, toddlers and adolescence that accept disabilities. For the 504 the albatross avalanche assimilate the accompaniment and bounded agencies. Funds from IDEA cannot be acclimated to abutment those who accept a 504.

The appraisal and adjustment procedures for all three are additionally different. IDEA requires a actual detail evaluation. The 504 requires alone a apprehension for evaluation. While the ADA requires no evaluation.

All three legislation are important safeguards for those who are disabled. It allows for FAPE for acceptance with disabilities and adapted assignment environments for adults. It has accustomed for those who in the accomplished could not accept such abutment to accept what they need. Which allows for success and a richer life.


Mastropieri, M. A., & Scruggs, T. E. (2014). Introduction to Across-the-board Teaching. In The across-the-board classroom: Strategies for able differentiated apprenticeship (5th ed., pp. 3-12). Boston, MA: Pearson.

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